Ethics are a standard of right behaviour controlled by our moral principles. Our ethics control our actions, what we believe in and say is somewhat affected by our ethics. Although our ethics play an imperative role in our lives it sometimes may be limitation, especially when it comes to knowledge our ethics may become an obstacle. Some say ethics there to protect us, some argue they are a hindrance. Our ethics come from two major ways of knowing which are emotion and reasoning. This essay will tackle the knowledge issue which is “Is our ethical judgements hindrance on our knowledge a good thing?” I will be focusing on two areas of knowing which Natural Sciences and the Arts.
To some ethics can simplify life, by just following what their religion or what their culture say. For example ‘you shall not kill’; this is a worldwide ethical view. It is seen in many religions and culture this gives a sense of order. On the other hand when someone is being raped and their only source of defence is to kill the person who is raping her or him. Would this still be unethical?
On the other hand ethics can also not give straightforward answers, because everyone is different, because our ethics come from our culture, environment and the societies we surround ourselves with. Some say the source of our ethics is empiricism. This can sometimes lead moral principles clashes. So whose ethics values are right?
Even when it comes to individuals their ethics are never consistent. Most people would expect someone’s ethics to be consistent, but that is never the case. For example my friend Lillian who considers herself as an environmentalist, she tries her best to be environmentally conscious, but this same person happens drives a Range Rover which pumps a lot of carbon dioxide which is not good for the environment. This contradicts their entire ethics or morals of being an environmentalist. When it comes to ethics, deductive reasoning as a way of knowing is not hundred percent reliable to just rely on that. This brings us back to our knowledge issue of how ethics can end up being a limitation on our knowledge; this is one of the many reasons on why we cannot be fully dependent on our ethics for all our knowledge.
If we shift back to our two ‘Areas of knowledge’, Natural Science and The Arts, we can see how ethics has clearly been a limitation of knowledge in these two areas.
Natural Sciences are a branch of sciences that deal with physical world. Natural Sciences are closely associated with reasoning as a way of knowing. The natural sciences are there to improve our standard of living and to find the truth. Our world is infested by many diseases, over the time more and more new diseases are being introduced into our world. To find cures for these diseases, scientists have to research and come up with hypotheses for cures. The problem arises; when these hypotheses have to be tested. No matter how many time we do clinical trial on animals, at the end the medicine...