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1. Evaluate The Different Theories That Have Been Put Forward To Account For The Origins And Development Of English Based Pidgins And Creoles. Whi

927 words - 4 pages

Suggestively, within today's society, nearly every continent holds some form of pidgin and/or creole that is used, either by a wide majority or by a small minority for the purpose of both communication and cross communication. Evidently, over time an assortment of scholars has come forth to propose their different theories as to the accounts for the origins and development of English based creoles and pidgins. There has long been a dispute as to the extent these English based pidgins and creoles share a universal origin, with theories contrasting and overlapping. In this paper, explanations and evaluations will take place covering these different theories along with a short analysis ...view middle of the document...

Argumentively, the term 'pidgin' was formed through several different processes; one being that it came into existence through Chinese Pidgin English (CPE), in the 1630's, when English traders came to the South of China, in places such as Macao and Guangzhou. It is here that it is believed that the mispronunciation of the term 'business' by the Chinese people formed the word we now know as 'pidgin'. In relation to the term 'creole', it appears there are far more agreement with this word, than pidgin. It is deemed that, after adoption from the French, and through processes of semantic shift, this term derived from the Portuguese word 'crioulo' holding an Iberian meaning of 'bring up'.
Historically speaking and in a nutshell, the most common explanation proposed is the prime notion of pidgins and creoles being the product of colonialism by the Europeans, which tended to concern the enslavement of native citizens, such as in Africa and the Caribbean. These social circumstances of an imbalance of (social and economical) powers in society, debatably created an English superstrate language (the language that has higher power or prestige) with the 'less' social and economical powered country's language becoming the substrate language (a language which has lower power or prestige than another). This interaction caused a need for communication to be formed, and results in the English language (the superstrate language) becoming the language of a base to form communication, yet retaining elements from substrate language. These situations also enabled a huge variety of different languages to come into contact with one another, and is claimed to be the start of an English based pidgin, which would typically evolve into a creole over time. This possible theory works...

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