How Agriculture Has Changes Civilizations Essay

1655 words - 7 pages

Civilization began with agriculture, it allowed nomads to settle down, and form relationships, societies and eventually nations. But as our society developed, so did our means of farming. Whilst modern society greatly differs from our nomadic past, humanity still has fundamental dependence on agriculture.
Today agriculture is the livelihood of most poor underdeveloped nations. This communal life blood provides a majority of the population with a source of employment, nourishment and income. It is considered to be an invaluable skill, that is taught down from generation to generation along with a sense of respect for the environment. However, as a nation begins to undergo development, so do their food production systems. The country's newfound development causes significant restructuring of their agricultural production practices. This restructuring leads to poor environmental practices, and adverse agriculture methods. Increased economic development/production negatively affects a country's environmental and agricultural health.
Agriculture holds a significant role in underdeveloped countries. It is often the backbone of their economic and social well-being. It acts as the main source of employment and income, 70% of a country's population rely on farming as a mean of living (Kwa 2001). Since, most underdeveloped countries have low rates of educational attainment, farming is a popular source of employment. It requires little to no education. As a result agriculture employs many people contributing to nations economic development. Residents can also sell what they grow, providing them with a source of income, thus not only raising the national income level but the standard of living as well. Agriculture is not only a means of personal or communal livelihood, but a national livelihood as well. Crops that are not sold locally are used for exports. Thus agricultural outputs account for a large percent of a developing country's national income. However, the role of farming extends farther than a means of providing a nation with food or crops for export. The societal importance of agriculture, has fostered an intimate respect and care of the land and the environment.
Underdeveloped countries' agriculture production is typically composed of many small individual farms. Tended to by family workers or hired help, developing countries are able to manipulate their limited resources and land availability to create a stable source of income and nutrition. Agricultural production practices such subsistence agriculture and diverse polyculture are greatly utilized in developing countries, due to their low impact to the environment and agricultural benefits. Subsistence farming is another word for self sufficient farming. Farms produce enough food to feed their families, and any excess produce is sold locally or used for export. By not over farming, farms do not overwork the soil, thus allowing for the land to remain fertile for more...

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