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1370 Essay

883 words - 4 pages

disorders. It contains 2.64% tannins (0.35% gallo-tannins), triterpenoids, saponins, flavonoids and reducing sugars. Powdered or crushed leaves are applied to wounds. The chironji seeds/kernels are nutritional, palatable and used as a substitute for almonds in confectionery. The seeds possess 3.0% moisture and are rich in lipid/fat (59.0%), protein (19.0–21.6%), starch/carbohydrate (12.1%), fibre (3.8%), minerals like calcium (279.0 mg), phosphorus (528.0 mg), iron (8.5 mg) and vitamins like thiamine (0.69 mg), ascorbic acid/vitamin C (5.0 mg), riboflavin (0.53 mg), niacin (1.50 mg) and also contain 34-47 % fatty oil which is used as a substitute for olive and almond oils. The calorific value of kernel is 650 k-cal/100g. Kernel lipids comprised mainly of neutral lipids (90.4%), consist mostly of triacylglycerol (82.2%), free fatty acids (7.8 %) and small amount of diacylglycerols, monoacylglycerols and sterols. Ointment made from its kernels is used to relieve itch and prickly heat. The oil extracted from kernels is known as ‘char’ and used for curing skin diseases and removing spots/blemishes from the face. The oil is also applied externally on glandular swellings of the neck singly, as also in combination with other herbal oils. Chironji seeds are tolerant to desiccation and chilling and show 95-100% survival upto 90 days at all storage temperatures with gradual loss in germination after 280 days of storing[4-7]. The seeds are used for preparing a traditional sweet dish known as ‘chirongi ki burfi’. Average annual seed collection is 300 to 1200 quintals in Madhya Pradesh alone. It is an income-generating produce for the forest dependent communities. On an average, 40–50 kg fresh fruits are produced per tree, which come down to 8–10 kg on drying, yielding 1.0–1.5 kg of finished produce per tree[8]. The fruits are laxative and are used to relieve thirst, body-burning, fever, cough and asthma. Bark yields tannin (upto 13%) which is used in the tannin industries. The tribals of Southern Bihar blend the powder of the stem bark and Syzygium cumini (Myrtaceae) together and the same is given to treat infantile diarrhea. The gum oozed from the cut-bark is soluble in water and used internally for treatment of intercostals pain and diarrhea. The gum is mixed with goat`s milk for effective and curative results in intercostal pains, being analgesic. Some tribal communities of Andhra Pradesh consume a blend of the gum dissolved in cow`s milk for treating rheumatic pains. It is believed that the production and collection of about 175 metric tons of char gum is from Mandla, Dindori, Umaria, Shahdol, Katni and Chhindwara districts of Madhya Pradesh...

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