15 Amendment Essay

1008 words - 4 pages

Mrs. HoffmanUS History IIMarch 24, 2011Barriers Formed by the South Imposing the 15th AmendmentDuring the Civil War of 1861, the black vote was nearly impossible to achieve. In 1870, the 15th Amendment was enacted which gave Africans Americans the right to vote. By passing this Amendment, southern whites became extremely angered and thus found ways to work around the Amendment. Some important barriers to avoid the amendment were white-only primaries and also poll-taxes. Others were grandfather clauses, and literacy tests. Although the Amendment was created to grant suffrage to African American males, the South created poll-taxes and used white only primaries to deny them from voting.In the United States, voting is among one of many privileges granted to the citizens. After the Revolutionary War, white male who owned property were only allowed to vote (Pendergast et al. 300). During the 1860's and earlier, black men were denied to vote in elections, causing an altercation among Congress. The Reconstruction period were the years following the Civil War, which called for three constitutional amendments (Newman 75). One of which happened to be the 15th Amendment. The Amendment was passed February 26, 1869, and became part of the United States Constitution in March 1870 (Newman 76). It specifically stated that no one can be denied of voting, in any state, due to their race (Lieberman 192). Out of spite, the southern states felt a need to retaliate against the 15th Amendment. Therefore, they set out for barriers that would help deny the African Americans from voting.One barrier in which provided a struggle among African Americans was literacy tests. In 1890, Mississippi adopted the policy but soon it spread rapidly throughout the south. The Literacy Test was based upon someone's knowledge and to prove their U.S citizenship. Questions asked on the tests varied from intellectual knowledge to unintelligent knowledge. For example some questions asked were as simple as, "How many feathers does a chicken have" (Corbin 42). Even the most educated blacks failed, and had a demoralizing impact upon the blacks Americans. For example; 130,000 blacks were applied to vote in Louisiana in 1893 but after the literacy tests were applied, the number of black voters dropped to 5,000 (Corbin 43). Literacy tests were only declared legal at one point because it served for both blacks and white, but was dominated by whites (Corbin 42).Another term to the Literacy Test was that African Americans had to prove that they had ancestor, which also relates to a Grandfather Clause. This nearly knocked all blacks from voting due to the fact that they had no ancestors. Whites, on the other hand, did not receive literacy tests because most white men had ancestors eligible to vote in 1866. When brought up in court, states backed up the fifteenth amendment by stating that it was not violated because all applicants had to either meet a grandfather clause or literacy test (Pendergast 306)....

Find Another Essay On 15 amendment

The First Amendment Essay

1163 words - 5 pages confederation." The First Amendment insures freedom of speech and of the press. The First Amendment ratification was completed on December 15, 1791. This happened when the eleventh State, which is Virginia, approved this amendment. At that time there were fourteen States in the Union. There are many examples that show use of The First Amendment and there are also many examples that show breaking of it. One of the major organizations that exercise

Fifteenth Amendment of the U.S. Constitution: History, preceding events and effects

1210 words - 5 pages .Mississippi (January 17, 1870)24.Rhode Island (January 18, 1870)25.Kansas (January 19, 1870)26.Ohio (January 27, 1870, after having rejected it on April 30, 1869)27.Georgia (February 2, 1870)28.Iowa (February 3, 1870)Ratification was completed on February 3, 1870. The amendment was subsequently ratified by the following states:1.Nebraska (February 17, 1870)2.Texas (February 18, 1870)3.New Jersey (February 15, 1871, after having rejected it on

Thematic Essay: Amendments to Constitution

895 words - 4 pages proposed the Fourth amendment the process was completed on December 15, 1791, when Virginia ratified the ten amendments that would become the Bill of Rights. This amendment was key an assuring the people of the United States of Americas rights.In conclusion the process that was developed by our forefathers who wrote the constitution show how well it was written in that they looked far enough ahead to see that changes could perhaps have to be placed on the constitution due to further circumstances.

The Bill of Rights

1627 words - 7 pages ://www.firstamendmentcenter.org/about-the-first-amendment. Web. 23 Mar 2014. “House passes the 13th Amendment.” 2014. The History Channel website. 23 Mar 2014. http://www.history.com/this-day-in-history/house-passes-the-13th-amendment. Web. 23 Mar 2014. “Sons and Daughters of Liberty.” U.S. History Online Textbook. 2014. http://www.ushistory.org/ us/10b.asp. Web. 25 Mar 2014. “Women Serving in the 113th Congress 2013-15.” 2014. Center for American Women and Politics. http://www.cawp.rutgers.edu/fast_facts/levels_of_office/Congress-Current.php. Web. 25 Mar 2014.

The 12th Amendment

1210 words - 5 pages 12th Amendment, which Congress approved on December 9, 1803, and was ratified on June 15, 1804. This amendment is significant for the United States and its people because it has made the voting process easier. It has also cleared up confusion in the Electoral College and limits the Electors to voting for only one suitable President and one Vice-President. This amendment also changed the history of American politics and how American

Court cases that deal with the 14th amendment

2872 words - 11 pages finally the statute failed to allow consideration of the character and record of individual defendants before inflicting the death penalty.Thompson v. OklahomaArgued-1987, Decided-19888th amendment-cruel and unusual punishmentThompson, 15 years old, was convicted of 1st degree murder (tried as an adult), and sentenced to death. On appeal, the Court of Criminal Appeals of Oklahoma affirmed and the Supreme Court granted certiorari to Thompson. Would the

The Battle Between Gun Control and Gun Rights

1215 words - 5 pages The debate over the right to bear arms according to the Second Amendment has been a hotly contested issue for many years in American history. The matter has been one of the most controversial issues in the second half of the twentieth century and into the twenty-first; disputed between politicians on the liberal and conservative side along with issues such as abortion, capital punishment, and gay marriage. The Supreme Court has officially

Plessy Vs. Ferguson

1670 words - 7 pages into their own sections but had the same rights. Plessy was overthrown in the case so he later brought it to the Supreme of Louisiana then later continuing to the Supreme Court of the United States. Plessy was rejected by all of them, causing him to lose the case. His fight in the case was that it was against the thirteenth amendment as well the fourteenth amendment. Many people have argued about the Plessy v. Ferguson case if it was violating the

The First Amendment of the United States Constitution

1308 words - 5 pages The United States Constitution was signed on September 17th, 1787. It did not include a bill of rights and it did not include their freedoms. And so, on September 25, 1789 Congress passed the first ten amendments, which were later ratified on December 15, 1791. The Bill of Rights was created by the Founding Fathers with the intent of restricting the powers of the new national government. The Bill of Rights, however, consists of 10 amendments

Constitutional Law and its Contemporary Challenges: Speech, Search and Warrants

2637 words - 11 pages The First (1st) Amendment of the United States (U.S.) Constitution, ratified December 15, 1791, “guarantees to all Americans regardless of age, ethnicity, disability, faith, or gender, the freedom of speech, freedom of press, the right to assemble, the right to peacefully assemble, and the right to petition Congress (Government) for a redress of grievances” (Kanovitz, 2010). However, as these types of speech are protected by the 1st Amendment

Analysis of 8th amendment

792 words - 4 pages of the Bill of rights reassured the people that their rights would not be violated, that the government would not oppress them and that it would protect them against tyranny. The 8th amendment found In the constitution protects against excessive bail, excessive fines and cruel and unusual punishments. The cruel and unusual punishment clause meaning, any punishment inhuman and not proportionate to the actual crime committed can not be inflicted

Similar Essays

15 Amendment Essay

1008 words - 4 pages Mrs. HoffmanUS History IIMarch 24, 2011Barriers Formed by the South Imposing the 15th AmendmentDuring the Civil War of 1861, the black vote was nearly impossible to achieve. In 1870, the 15th Amendment was enacted which gave Africans Americans the right to vote. By passing this Amendment, southern whites became extremely angered and thus found ways to work around the Amendment. Some important barriers to avoid the amendment were white-only

Bill Of Rights Essay

581 words - 2 pages 15. Right to Vote (1870), and Amendment 19. Women Suffrage (1920). Amendment 13 was passed by congress January 31, 1865 and Ratified December 6, 1865. This amendment was not my favorite amendment but was one of the three I liked the most out of all of them. The reason for that is because everyone should be treated the same because no one on this earth is better than anyone else by the color of there skin. And the abolish of slavery I

The First Amendment Essay

1087 words - 4 pages Constitution and it was not until December 15, 1791 that the First Amendment became part of the US. Constitution. When the Constitution was written in 1787, it left out individual rights for citizens which led to the refusal of many states to ratify it. The Constitution of the U.S. was made to embody the fundamental principles of a government but the lack of a Bill of Rights was the main reason why many opposed the ratification of it. As stated in the

Legalizing Gambling Essay

702 words - 3 pages local people to work theses jobs. This amendment will provide 15 years of funding for Colorado (Colorado State Ballot Issues).      There are a lot of critics that oppose the passing of Amendment 33. One of theses arguments is the naming of the slot machines; the machines will be called video lottery terminals. They are calling them this so that they can avoid certain state laws that require the local communities to vote