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1800 1810 Essay

1222 words - 5 pages

American History 1800-1810 There was a lot of action going on in the United States between the time periods of 1800 through 1810. The different events that went on during this time period were the Bankruptcy law, Tripolitan War, United States military academy is establish, Louisiana Purchase, Lewis and Clarke Expedition begins, and Treaty of Fort Wayne. There was law making, purchasing, exploration, and treaties along with a lot of other things. This paper's focus is on purchasing and exploring that went on in the Americas between 1800 and 1810. Through bargaining and purchasing, the United States acquired a large quantity of land.First, the Louisiana Purchase, which happened in 1803, was the purchase of a lot of territory that America needed. It all started when Napoleon Bonaparte wanted a French empire in the New World. He wanted the use the Mississippi Valley as a food and trade center to give supplies to the island of Hispaniola. He had to first get control of Hispaniola. The Haitian slaves were under Toussaint L'Ouverture presently had control of it. Napoleon under the control of his brother in law, Charles Leclerc, went to the island to take it back. The French lost a lot of soldiers to yellow fever. Since he was at war with Great Britain and he needed all his troops at the war and he needed money to support in Europe, so offered to sell Louisiana to the United States (Barry).Coincidently, Thomas Jefferson, the president at this time had already sent James Monroe and Robert Livingston to Paris to negotiate the purchase. They wanted a tract of land on the lower Mississippi or, at least, a guarantee of free navigation on the river. Free navigation of the Mississippi would be granted. Surprised by the offer of the whole territory the Unite States agreed immediately. The United States would double its size just like that in which the can live. This was the United States largest gain of land at on time in the whole history of the United States (Barry). Finally, the Louisiana was signed in Paris in April 30, 1803. They had to pay France fifteen million for the part of New Orleans and the Floridas. Eleven million two hundred fifty thousand dollars had to be paid directly, because of the assumption by the United States of French debts to American Citizens The Spanish, who had never given anybody physical possession of Louisiana to the French, did so in a ceremony at New Orleans on November 30, 1803. Then on a second ceremony in December 20, 1803 the French turned over Louisiana to the United States (Barry). Second, there was the Lewis and Clarke exploration of the land that the United States had gained from the Louisiana Purchase and the land to the Pacific Ocean. The Expedition led by Meriwether Lexis and William Clarke started on May 14, 1804 and kept going until September 23, 1806. The Expedition started in St Louis and there were 32 soldiers and 10 civilians. They started up the Missouri River as far as South Fork,...

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