1848 Den Franske Revolution Essay

3125 words - 13 pages

HISTORIE OPGAVEN I 2.G.INDHOLDSFORTEGNELSE:INDLEDNING 3BAGGRUNDEN FOR OVERGANGEN FRA ENEVÆLDE TIL KONSTITUTIONELT MONARKI I DANMARK I PERIODEN 1848-49 3Den franske revolution 1848 3Montesquieus ideologi om magtens tredeling 4NÆRMERE BELYSNING AF GRUNDLOVEN 1849 5Tiden omkring 1848-49 5Det nye politiske system i Danmark 6Den grundlovgivende Rigsforsamling 7Magtdelingen 8Den enkelte borgers rettigheder og friheder 9KONKLUSION 10INDLEDNINGI denne opgave vil jeg prøve på at komme ved en redegørelse for, hvorfor vi i dag har det vi kalder 'demokrati'. De rettigheder som vi nyder godt af den dag i dag, ligger er ca. 150 år gamle. Jeg har bl.a. tænkt mig, at jeg vil undersøge om der reelt var en mulighed for 'ikke' at indføre demokrati i Danmark. Jeg vil inddrage en redegørelse for hvad der lå til grund for grundloven. Om bl.a. hvilke personer der var med til at udforme grundloven, og hvilke politiske slagsmål der lå forud for vedtagelsen af grundloven. Hvilke forandringer indebar grundloven for den danske befolkning. Jeg vil komme ind på de rettigheder og pligter den danske befolkning blev bundet af, da grundloven blev indført. Dette kunne f.eks. være rettigheden til at blive stillet for en dommer indenfor 24 timer. Denne rettighed eksisterede som sagt ikke før 1849. Til sidst i opgaven vil jeg komme med min egen konklusion (afsluttende kommentarer) af opgaven, og af de problemer der bliver formuleret i den.BAGGRUNDEN FOR OVERGANGEN FRA ENEVÆLDE TIL KONSTITUTIONELT MONARKI I DANMARK I PERIODEN 1848-49Baggrunden for overgangen til demokrati i Danmark, skal bl.a. ses på baggrund af de begivenheder der gik for sig i Europa på det tidspunkt. Bl.a. skal det nævnes at der i 1830 i Frankrig, havde været den store Julirevolution. Magthaverne i Frankrig slog denne opstand ned med hård hånd. Denne nedkæmpning af opstanden i 1830 lagde midlertidigt ikke låg på den stadigt stigende utilfredshed med Frankrigs enevældige konge Ludvig Filip. I 1848 startede en ny opstand i Frankrig, og som derefter skyllede ud over Europa.Den franske revolution 1848Om morgenen d. 22. Februar 1848 fyldtes de Parisiske gader med ordene: 'Leve reformerne!'. Hovedsageligt var det studerende og arbejdere der først sluttede op om revolutionen. Den daværende franske konge Ludvig Filip gav Nationalgarden ordre til at rykke ud. Men, kun tre ud af de tolv legioner lystede, de resterende ni legioner sluttede op om revolutionen, kongen var magtesløs. Ministerpræsidenten, Guizot, var heller ikke til meget hjælp, da han trådte af samme aften. Demonstrationerne udviklede sig mere og mere voldelige. Kongen prøvede at sætte hæren ind, men det mislykkedes. Den 24. Februar 1848 om aftenen flygtede Ludvig Filip med sin dronning Marie Amélie fra kongeslottet i Paris....

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