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1984 And Brave New World Essay

2388 words - 10 pages

Aldous Huxley's Brave New World and George Orwell's 1984 Even now, George Orwell's 1984 and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World continue to sell in great numbers. Orwell has coined such words as "Big Brother," "Newspeak," and "doublethink," which are even known by some people who haven't read his novel. Aldous Huxley and Brave New World have gained much attention through his skill of making the science fiction seem believable as an extension of twentieth-century society. Although both books take place in the future, it is not correct to label either novel as a prediction of what is to come. Both novels can be thought of as a means of warning the present society about certain tendencies that may become realities in the future. Orwell does not mean to give a projection of what life would be like in the year 1984; the title is only a reversal of digits from when the book was published in 1948. His purpose in writing the novel is to ensure that the kind of society portrayed in 1984 will never happen. The novel should be thought of as a satire whose purpose is not to predict the future, but to warn the present. Like Huxley, Orwell saw a threat to the existence of the individual and true thought to be in the power of the highly centralized government. Both books are thus a distopia. They are a variation on Utopian literature in which society is not represented as an ideal, but as a miserable world that highlights the worst of the present society. The Utopian type of literature takes its name from Sir Thomas More's Utopia (1515-16), a novel which depicts a perfect society in which all its citizens live together in happiness and content. Characteristics of the genre distopia in George Orwell's 1984 and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World is perceived through the loss of individuality as a result of sociological advances and the use of irony to reveal satire.Characteristics of the genre distopia in George Orwell's 1984 and Aldous Huxley's Brave New World is perceived through the loss of individuality as a result of sociological advances. Loss of individuality as a result of sociological advances in Brave New World can be explained through the World State's motto: "Community, Identity, Stability." The motto emphasizes the importance of the group and the indifference of the individual (Baker 135). The first part of the slogan, "Community," stresses the significance attached to the individual as a contributor to society. People of the World State can be compared to the cells that make up a mammal (Watts 219). The individual cells are not as important as the animal as a whole. If an individual should die, the society of the World State will not be affected, which is demonstrated in Bernard's conversation with Lenina. While both are in a helicopter, Bernard states that being in the presence of nature makes him more "himself," and "Not just a cell in the social body" (90). Lenina is of course confused by this statement because she can't comprehend what it feels like to...

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