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1984 By George Orwell. Essay

1197 words - 5 pages

George Orwell, whose real name was Eric Arthur Blair, was born on June 25, 1903 in Motihari India to Richard and Ida Blair. Orwell and his mother moved back to England so Orwell could grow up according to the Anglo-Indian custom. In his lifetime, Orwell attended several schools, but decided not to continue his education in 1921. Therefore, Orwell went to work for the Indian Imperial Police Force. Orwell worked there for five years, but finally resigned because of his growing dislike of British imperialism. In 1928, Orwell moved back to England and decided to become a professional writer. Orwell adopted the views of a socialist and traveled to Spain to report on their civil war. Not only did he report, but also he fought alongside the anti-Fascists in Barcelona. His experiences in the war intensified his hatred toward imperialism and communism. During this time, Orwell had come to view himself as a political writer. Many of his books reflected his animosity of communism and totalitarianism.The book "Nineteen Eighty-four" by George Orwell was written in 1948 and published in 1949. It is one of Orwell's most famous books."Nineteen Eighty-four" is one of Orwell's best-crafted novels, and it remains one of the most powerful warnings ever issued against the dangers of a totalitarian society. In Spain, Germany, and the Soviet Union, Orwell had witnessed the danger of absolute political authority in an age of advanced technology. He illustrated that peril harshly in 1984. The rise to power of dictators such as Adolf Hitler in Germany and Joseph Stalin in the Soviet Union inspired Orwell's mounting hatred of totalitarianism and political authority.In the novel, Orwell draws on his own understanding of totalitarianism to create a very believable world dominated by a totalitarian government. Readers come to understand the potentially devastating effects of an authoritarian regime. Orwell positions readers to sympathise with his viewpoint on discourses concerning power, human nature and political ideologies. Orwell achieves this through using literary devices such as foregrounding, privileging, silences and language choices.A major idea explored in Nineteen Eighty-Four is the importance of power, and the many ways in which it can manifest itself. Orwell presents the two major discourses concerning power early in the novel. Readers are immediately introduced to the discourse of individual power through Winston Smith. Winston is being closely watched by the political party headed by Big Brother, and Orwell conveys Winston's unhappiness with his situation by choosing negative words to describe his surroundings. The wind is described as "vile"; the hallway that Winston walks along smells "of boiled cabbage"; and a police helicopter "snoops" into citizens' windows. Orwell's choice of language foregrounds Winston's resentment of his surroundings, and positions the reader to sympathise with Winston immediately. This early positioning strengthens Winston's discourse...

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