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1984 Geroge Orwell Essay

1433 words - 6 pages

1. Why doesn't the party simply eliminate members that do not agree with it?
The Party doesn't simply eliminate members that do not agree with it because that was the old, traditional way of doing things, which caused the persecutors to look evil and the victim to appear as a martyr, and that the Party cures it's victims before killing them. O'Brien states, “We do not merely destroy our enemies, we change them.” He says how there are no “martyrdoms” in this place. O'Brien speaks about how Inquisition was a failure because they, “set out to eradicate heresy, and ended by perpetuating it.” For every heretic that they burned, thousands more would rise up in defense and anger. The reason behind this was that the Inquisition killed its enemies in the open while they were still unrepentant. “Men were dying because they would not abandon their true beliefs.” Because of this, “all the glory belonged to the victim and all the shame to the Inquisitor who burned him.” O'Brien states how the Party makes all confessions coming from the mouth of the heretic true, which leaves the so-called martyr looking as if he or she is actually the wrong-doer. He says that Winston is “a stain that must be wiped out.” That, “we (the Party) are not content with negative obedience, nor even with the most abject submission. When finally you surrender to us, it must be of your own free will.” So long as the heretic resists the Party, he/she will never be destroyed. He or she is converted, their inner mind is captured, and finally reshaped. The Party goes to such an extend to rid them of their supposed evil and illusions, that in the end, the heretic is on the Party's side not by force but by heart and soul. They make the heretic like themselves before killing him or her.
2. What do YOU BELIEVE is in Winston’s Room 101? Support your answer with evidence from the novel.
From reading, one can infer that Room 101 is bigger than most cells, and contains two small tables covered with green baize directly in front of Winston. “It was bigger than most of the cells he had been in. But he hardly noticed his surroundings. All he noticed was that there were two small tables straight in front of him, each covered with green baize.” However, what I believe is in Winston's Room 101 is Winston's worse fear: rats. Room 101 is a room, in Winston's case, in which you are strapped down and your worse fear is brought to you. It is a room in which you must face your greatest fear. O'Brien states, “Everyone knows it. The thing that is in Room 101 is the worst thing in the world.” O'Brien also tells Winston how the worse thing in the world varies from person to person, meaning that the worse thing in the world is YOUR own individual fear. “The worst thing in the world,’ said O’Brien, ‘varies from individual to individual.” Basically, Winston's Room 101 is to be completely and utterly helpless against his greatest fear, rats.
3. Describe Winston’s life after he is released from the Ministry of...

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