1984 Literary Anaylsis Essay

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1984 is a scathing critism of present, past, and future societies. In particular it alludes to totalitarianism as found in both the left wing communist and right wing fascist communist governments that arose between the two World War’s and the post war periods throughout. The portrayal of Big Brother and his party is much so relatable to images to the Soviet Union under the leadership of a communist dictator. The society created in Orwell’s novel 1984, is a society totally controlled by the Party which strips the individual of all freedom, Orwell is warning us not to give up individual rights to a totalitarian lead society. All words, facial expressions, activities, and thoughts are closely monitored by Big Brother through telescreens and Thought Police.

Anyone in Oceania who criticizes or questions the government, even psychologically, is branded as a criminal, guilty of committing 'thought crime'; and criminals are "vaporized" or silently killed. Only those who blindly accept everything that the Party instills is a 'law abiding citizen of Oceania'. Freedom of your expressions and thoughts, a basic democratic right for all men, does not exist in the new dystopian society. The description and image of Emmanuel Goldstein, as the certain enemy of the Party and the State of Oceania, conjures up an image of Leon Trotsky, whothe Soviet Union had marked as an anti-revolutionary. In fact, Goldstein's Black Book on 'The Brotherhood' is a complete parody of Trotsky's book The Revolution Betrayed. In addition, the celebration of 'Hate Week', portrayed as a public meeting where mass hysteria is created by an enflamed speaker, creates a mental image of Hitler, who had the ability to rouse mass frenzy against the Jews .In writing the novel, Orwell was influenced and inspired by the totalitarian regimes of the time, referring to Hitler's Nazi Germany and Stalin's Soviet Union.

Both regimes glorified their respective leaders as saviors or to an extent demi-gods, required the destruction of all individuality in order to promote the Party's needs over the individual's needs, demanded absolute complete loyalty from their citizens, and resorted to violence in the event disloyalty was suspected. Moreover, both regimes consistently demonized their enemies, in the same manner the Party and Big Brother do in 1984, through the Hate Week, Two Minutes Hate and daily mass propaganda.

The “laws” is another powerful tool for politicians in “1984” used to limit citizens freedom. No parties, no love, no dates, no citizens can walk on streets after curfew, the laws are everywhere in Oceania. Although these laws are strictly implemented, they can’t be called laws theoretically because they are not written in any type of system. There are no written laws in 1984, there is no such thing as a constitution or court, but that is exactly how the Party creates fear, as citizens are always living in a world of uncertainty. For example, “And yet it was a fact that if...