Sigmund Freud once wrote, “Unexpressed emotions will never die. They are buried alive and will come forth later in uglier ways.” This can be seen in Georg Orwell’s 1984, which depicts an all-poweul totalitarian society where the government, knowen as the Party or Big Brother, has complete control over the people. Our protagonist, Winston, despises the Party, and secretly rebels by writing his seditious thoughts in a secret diary. To rebel, he starts a covert affair with Julie, another person that also despises the party, and joins the Brotherhood, secret organization devoted to overthrowing the Party, but is later captured by the Party. At first he resists but when faced with torture, Winston immediately betrays his lover, Julia. He surrenders and accepts the Party’s rule, gaining a love for Big Brother. Ultimately, he gives up his fight for freedom and his love for Julia. Throughout the novel 1984, Orwell examines the relationship between love and freedom. In doing so, he suggests that they cannot survive in a repressive society, and attempting to fight it is a useless struggle.
Towards the beginning of the novel, Orwell depicts Winston listening to the song of a thrush. He writes, “But by degrees the flood of the music drove all speculations out of [Winston’s] mind” (124). Here, Orwell uses a metaphor to emphasize that freedom of expression is found everywhere in nature. This emphasis implies that in order to be free, we have to show our yearning for freedom. So as to accomplish this, we can not be suppressed. Therefore, this passage reveals that freedom requires devotion, passion, and the absence of oppression.
A lot like the longing for freedom, the nature of obtaining love also requires certain conditions. Towards the middle of the novel, Orwell depicts Winston thinking about his relationship with Julia, and remembering receiving a note. On it, wrote, “I love you” , which started their relationship together. He writes, “But you could not have pure love or pure lust nowadays. No emotion was pure because every thing was mixed up with fear and hatred. Their embrace had been a battle, the climax a victory” (126). Here Orwell again uses a metaphor to emphasize the violence and hardship of obtaining love in Winston’s world. This emphasis implies that love is hard to obtain, especially in Oceania, where it is forbidden. Therefore the passage reveals that to love some requires as setting where love is encouraged, and not repressed. After love is obtained, it can only survive if it has freedom. In the middle of the novel, Orwell depicts Winston and Julia making love in an old hotel room. He writes:
Dirty or clean the room was paradise. As soon as they arrived they would sprinkle everything with pepper bought on the black market tear, off their clothes and make love with sweating bodies, then fall asleep and wake to find that the bugs rallied and were massing for the counter attack (150).
Here Orwell uses metaphor to emphasize how...