This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

19th Century Medicine In The United Kingdom

2345 words - 9 pages

19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom

Professor comments: In this paper, the student synthesizes several sources about nineteenth-century medicine and medical education into a focused and coherent essay that provides information about aspects of this topic especially relevant to understanding Lydgate's position in Middlemarch: the differences among physicians, apothecaries, and surgeons, both in terms of training and duties on the one hand, social status on the other; the processes by which someone obtained a medical education and became a licensed practitioner; and the differences in English, Scottish, and French training. In doing so, the student displays an awareness of the importance of the contextual material for more than merely factual purposes, and she employs a principle of selection, concentrating on material that will facilitate her interpretation of Lydgate's role in the novel--especially in the connection between medical and political reform--in a separate essay.

Nineteenth-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom

At the turn of the nineteenth century, medicine was hardly the enlightened profession it is today. Medical practices were often barbaric, employing methods that had been used for centuries, yielding little or no results and often killing the patient with a different affliction than the original ailment. Leeching (or blood letting), purgation, poor liquid diets, and cold water dousing were common practices as late as the 1850's. Even after newer, more effective methods of medical treatment had been introduced, many of the physicians, surgeons, and apothecaries hesitated to use them. Fearing the loss of their reputations, they hung on to superstitious beliefs, doubting the effectiveness of such advances, and were basically unwilling to try something new.

Medical men weren't always respected as educated, intelligent members of society because some "practiced with university degrees, various forms of medical licenses, sometimes a combination of these, and sometimes with none at all" (Peterson 5). Part of the problem with educating and licensing doctors was in the conflicting struggle for rights and power between licensing bodies; there were nineteen of them in the United Kingdom alone. There was also no representation of any reputable doctors within the medical universities and corporations that voted in Parliamentary elections. By the end of the century, medical training facilities were forced to upgrade their standards due to pressure within some parts of the medical community and because discoveries in fields like chemistry and physics ultimately led to advances in medicine.

Early nineteenth-century medical training was extremely diverse. While some practitioners held university degrees from the most respected medical colleges of the world, some were apprenticed to apothecaries where they "spent most of their time capping bottles and rolling pills" (Youngson 12). Still others were quacks and drug...

Find Another Essay On 19th-Century Medicine in the United Kingdom

Imperialism in the 19th century Essay

1745 words - 7 pages There was a great deal of Imperialism in the 19th century, led by mostly westerners from Europe. Imperialism is the act in which one nation extends its rule over another. Imperialism had a substantial effect on the 19th century throughout the entire world by bringing upon changes to many different countries, for better and for worse, especially to Africa.Prior to the nineteenth century, westerners did interfere with many of the affairs of

Jews in the 19th Century Essay

1257 words - 5 pages Jews in the 19th Century During the 19th the status and position of European Jews changed frequently as the rights they had and the way countries tried to gain inequality changed dramatically. At the start of the 19th in France and Germany there was a great deal of anti Semitism between Jews and Christians, the French Christians could

Transportation in the 19th Century

587 words - 2 pages During the first half of the 19th century, improvements in transportation developed rather quickly. Roads, steamboats, canals, and railroads all had a positive effect on the American economy. They also provided for a more diverse United States by allowing more products to be sold in new areas of the country and by opening new markets. Copied from ideas begun in England and France, American roads were being built everywhere. In an attempt to make

Federalists in the 19th Century

1319 words - 6 pages ideals of America during the 19th century because it centralized politic, and individuals’ rights, and economic. Federalism guarded against tyranny, provided military security, and reduced fighting amongst states. When the colonies declared their independence from Britain in 1786, the framers at the Constitution Convention attempted to balance the perceived tyranny. As a result, federalism was created in order to preserve freedom while still

Nervousness in the 19th Century

1545 words - 6 pages Nervousness was a condition described, according to Dr. George M. Beard, “strictly deficiency or lack of nerve-force” (American Nervousness, vi) in the 19th century. Nervousness at the time, was commonly acknowledged and accepted, so much so that it was written into literature, such as many of Jane Austen’s works. Many doctors considered nervousness to be a “woman’s disease” meaning that women were the most afflicted by this condition. Doctors

Immigration in the 19th century

1472 words - 6 pages In the early 19th century, American opened the door for foreigners. Many people from different countries came to American. People from Irish, Italy, German, Poland and China came to America. They came here for many different reasons. However, the main reason they came to America was to seek for opportunities to live better lives. Immigrations did earn better life styles here than they did in their countries. However, the wealth did not come to

Cholera in the 19th Century

2805 words - 11 pages Asiatic cholera is a deadly disease it is believed that it's carried by a micro organism called cholera morbus. This disease attacked Cardiff during the 19th century cholera started because of a problem with the water system in many areas in Cardiff. This deadly disease killed a lot of people. The question for this coursework is to see whether or not people were right to blame the Irish for the cholera epidemic in Cardiff.Below I have drawn a

Nationalism in Europe in the 19th century

1003 words - 4 pages troops aided the Italians defeating the Austrians at the battles of Magenta and Solferino. Piedmont's Victor Emmanuel was declared the kingdom of Italy and unification was completed at the end of the Franco-Prussian War in 1871. A long term impact of Nationalism was an essay from Giuseppe Mazzini “On the Duties of Man”, it was written for the workers residing in England. Mazzini preaches toward humanity, and believes that if you are not ready

The Welfare State in the United Kingdom

1960 words - 8 pages The Welfare State in the United Kingdom The United Kingdom is a Welfare State. In a Welfare State, the system of government enables the state to protect and promote the economic and social well-being of all its citizens. The basic objectives of a Welfare State is to foment the principles of equality of opportunity, non-discriminatory access to the wealth of the state and the state responsibility towards those members of the society who are

The tax system in the United Kingdom

1166 words - 5 pages The government of the United Kingdom, likewise the government of many other countries, raises money to spend on public services towards the tax system. The taxes are raised by two different levels of government, the HMRC, Her Majesty’s Revenue and Customs, and the local governments, as Barnet, Islington, Camden, Haringey, among others twenty nine local authorities in London, for instance. While the HMRC deduces taxes through Income tax, National

The United Kingdom in the European Union

1844 words - 7 pages In joining the European Union, the United Kingdom has been affected in many different ways. We have had the advantages and the disadvantages, the benefits and the costs. Advantages to the EU cover many fields; there is greater specialisation and economies of scale, for example the more efficient a firm is in producing their product then the bigger the scale of production leading to higher capital for them and also leading to lower

Similar Essays

United States Governmental Issues During The Late 19th Century

1331 words - 5 pages of the "army" had to leave for home. The arrest of Coxey proved that the government is not at all sympathetic towards the majority of the unemployed working class. The number of jobless americans grew more everyday, for space available for jobs could not match the mass number of immigrants pouring into America every hour. The population of the United states more than tripled in the last half of the 19th century, resulting in 76.2 million

“The Final Rush For Suffrage” In The United States Through The Experience And Contributions Of Working Class Women From The Late 19th Century Thro

1248 words - 5 pages late 19th and early 20th century, working-class women in the United States fought for their rights as humans during the fight for suffrage as they persevered against injustices of sex, class, and ethnicity, despite their overshadowed contributions. In 1848, the convention in Seneca Falls, New York produced the “Declaration of Sentiments” in the name of American women, which was brought about by Elizabeth Stanton and Lucretia Mott. Across the

Studiying In The United Kingdom Essay

2532 words - 11 pages ..... For me, the United Kingdom is the ideal place for studying and building successful career as mechanical engineer. During several centuries The United Kingdom (British Empire) was the biggest manufacturing center in the world (including 5 continents).In the 18th century the UK was the first country in the world to industrialise and during the 19th century had a dominant role in the global economy. The one of greatest companies such as BAE

Politics In The 19th Century Essay

1459 words - 6 pages In the 19th century, the political climate could be closely related to a tooth gritting earthquake or a tremendous volcanic eruption. As Europe transitioned into Romanticism, socialists and classical liberals started rising from all over Europe with many different ideas. In America, slavery and social reforms were a hotbed of debate sparking many controversy’s, one of which almost lead to the secession of South Carolina. No one besides Charles