The First World War
c) The Following were equally important reasons why the stalemate on
the Western Front was finally broken:
new technology like the tank
the American entry into the war
the blockading of German ports
the German offensive in March 1918
Explain how far you agree with this statement.
All of the reasons suggested above do play a part in why the stalemate
on the Western Front was finally broken. Although, each reason stated
is not equally important and there are other reasons as to why the
stalemate did break and these must be considered also.
The first suggested reason to be considered was the use of new
technology, yet, however advance the technology was, precautions and
counter-actions were then made almost immediately so that, in effect,
the technology itself became stalemated.
Machine guns mowed down on comers, but as "no-man's-land" crossing was
considered suicidal and so was very unadvisable, most soldiers did not
attempt to cross, so the stalemate continued. Tanks were introduced to
cross "no-man's-land" but commanders could not use them effectively
until 1917 and even then, they sunk in the mud. The few that did
cross, unfortunately when they arrived at the enemy trenches they were
almost immediately destroyed and so the stalemate continued.
Gas was a vicious discovery to the new technology; poison gas,
chlorine gas and mustard gas were used to disable opposition,
although, gas was only used effectively if weather conditions were
right (winds affected the way the gas blew) and gas was then countered
by the invention of the gas mask. Attack by air became popular, yet as
new as the technology was, it was not advanced enough to be successful
and was countered by air-raid precautions.
Attack by sea was also encouraged, U-boats were made to destroy import
boats, unfortunately most of these boats turned out to be highly armed
attack ships in disguise read to destroy the U-boats. Ships that did
manage to siege successfully were in effect unsuccessful because of
the rationing and recycling efforts made by the British and their
allies. So overall, the new technology helped but none of the new
weaponry was war winning and most definitely not as important as the
other factors to the ending of the stalemate.
The United States entry to the war in April 1917 was due to the
Zimmerman telegram intercepted by the British intelligence and this
telegram was from Germany to Mexico encouraging Mexico to reclaim
states taken from them by America.
The United States entry into the war brought millions of fresh, new,
eager men and plentiful supplies. These supplies were all helpful and
most of the supplies (as America was and still is a highly
technologically advanced country) were of the new technology mentioned
earlier. This abundance of...