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2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay

1375 words - 6 pages

The 9.0 magnitude Indian Ocean earthquake was caused by subduction under the Indian Ocean. Earthquakes are usually caused by convection currents leading to subduction/convergent currents. Convection currents is caused by magma rising from the deepest part of the earth, then slowly cooling, sinking again then re-heating, then rising upwards basically repeating the rising and cooling then re-heating cycle over and over again. The plates are separated from each other and they move apart, the plates then obviously hit another plate right next to it causing subduction. This earthquake was caused on the Oceanic crust, in the Indian Ocean, creating tsunamis that caused disasters and thousands of life loss throughout the Indian Ocean basin. The earthquake was caused when the Burma plate subducted the Indian plate. Subduction is the process that happens at convergent boundaries. One tectonic plate slides under another plate and sinks into the mantle of the earth as the plates meet. The energy released by the earthquake was estimated at 26 megatons of TNT.
At 00:58:53 on December 26th 2004, a disastrous earthquake occurred under the Indian Ocean, in Sumatra, Indonesia just off the coast. The earthquake created great tsunamis that caused thousands of lives to be lost and great destruction throughout the Indian Ocean, throughout the event within several hours.
How does this disaster affect the people and the environment?

Earthquakes are natural disasters that are extremely dangerous. Thousands of lives have been lost caused by natural disasters.

No one can stop an earthquake but the impact can be reduced. The forest, where there are trees to produce oxygen for people to live will be destroyed due to the earth’s crust being cracked apart. Not only will the forest will be affected but people’s homes will be destroyed. People have a home but once the home is destroyed, there is no roof to stay under. Everything such as money and belongings will be all gone meaning everyone will have to start over. People would become greedy and criminal like since no one has anything left. If people see things that are valuable, people will fight and argue to win that valuable thing causing war leading to death. Everyone will starve because of hunger. No one will have the utensils and time to cook. If there were things to cook with, there will be no crops or animals left to cook/eat. In conclusion, natural disasters have a huge effect to the environment and people. War will start since everything would be extremely valuable, everyone will fight to get what they need and want.
Preparation and/or recovery from your disaster:
To reduce the damage that earthquakes create, people construct buildings that are stable. Japan is where there are lots of earthquakes but their buildings don’t collapse. Japanese pagodas are five stories. The pagodas are held up by a central pillar acting as the support. During earthquake’s, each floor balances independently...

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