This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake Essay

1375 words - 6 pages

The 9.0 magnitude Indian Ocean earthquake was caused by subduction under the Indian Ocean. Earthquakes are usually caused by convection currents leading to subduction/convergent currents. Convection currents is caused by magma rising from the deepest part of the earth, then slowly cooling, sinking again then re-heating, then rising upwards basically repeating the rising and cooling then re-heating cycle over and over again. The plates are separated from each other and they move apart, the plates then obviously hit another plate right next to it causing subduction. This earthquake was caused on the Oceanic crust, in the Indian Ocean, creating tsunamis that caused disasters and thousands of life loss throughout the Indian Ocean basin. The earthquake was caused when the Burma plate subducted the Indian plate. Subduction is the process that happens at convergent boundaries. One tectonic plate slides under another plate and sinks into the mantle of the earth as the plates meet. The energy released by the earthquake was estimated at 26 megatons of TNT.
Where:
At 00:58:53 on December 26th 2004, a disastrous earthquake occurred under the Indian Ocean, in Sumatra, Indonesia just off the coast. The earthquake created great tsunamis that caused thousands of lives to be lost and great destruction throughout the Indian Ocean, throughout the event within several hours.
Effects:
How does this disaster affect the people and the environment?

Earthquakes are natural disasters that are extremely dangerous. Thousands of lives have been lost caused by natural disasters.

No one can stop an earthquake but the impact can be reduced. The forest, where there are trees to produce oxygen for people to live will be destroyed due to the earth’s crust being cracked apart. Not only will the forest will be affected but people’s homes will be destroyed. People have a home but once the home is destroyed, there is no roof to stay under. Everything such as money and belongings will be all gone meaning everyone will have to start over. People would become greedy and criminal like since no one has anything left. If people see things that are valuable, people will fight and argue to win that valuable thing causing war leading to death. Everyone will starve because of hunger. No one will have the utensils and time to cook. If there were things to cook with, there will be no crops or animals left to cook/eat. In conclusion, natural disasters have a huge effect to the environment and people. War will start since everything would be extremely valuable, everyone will fight to get what they need and want.
Preparation and/or recovery from your disaster:
To reduce the damage that earthquakes create, people construct buildings that are stable. Japan is where there are lots of earthquakes but their buildings don’t collapse. Japanese pagodas are five stories. The pagodas are held up by a central pillar acting as the support. During earthquake’s, each floor balances independently...

Find Another Essay On 2004 Indian Ocean Earthquake

Physics of Tsunamis Essay

968 words - 4 pages . Several hundred people owe their lives to the men that saved entire towns. The Alaskan Quake of 1964 caused a significant tsunami as well, killing 122 people and causing over $106 million in damage. The most recent major tsunami was in the Indian Ocean. This is unusual because almost all tsunamis take place in the Pacific. On the morning of December 26th, 2004 a magnitude 9.0 earthquake rocked Southeast Asia. This quake triggered a tsunami

Volcanoes Essay

1005 words - 4 pages . Over the next seven hours, a tsunami--a series of enormous ocean waves--caused by the earthquake stretched across the Indian Ocean, devastating coastal areas as far away as East Africa. Some locations reported that the waves had reached 30ft or more when they hit the shoreline. At least 225,000 people were killed across a dozen countries, with Indonesia, Sri Lanka, India, Maldives, and Thailand sustaining massive damage.The Formation of

Earthquake: A Disaster in the Bay of Bengal

1332 words - 6 pages neared shore (Doc. 4) and violently hit the coast (Doc. 6). The effects of this disaster were amplified by the many things humans did or neglected to do. Among the most fatal errors were the lack of a “ [tsunami] warning system” in the Indian Ocean (Doc. 1). According to a US Geological Survey official, “A warning center... could have saved thousands of people” (Doc 6). Even more tragically, the Pacific Warning System detected the earthquake

Tsunami of Newfoundland

710 words - 3 pages Last year, our school participated in a fund-raising event to help the survivors of the Indian Ocean Tsunami. This terrible event killed more than 270,000 people making it the most destructive tsunami in all of history. I was very happy to help out in this event and told my grand-parents what our school had done to help out. Having thought that things like this happen in other places in the world, I was so surprised to hear that Newfoundland had

Consequences of the Tsunami in Japan 2011

1192 words - 5 pages 1896, Sanriku, Japan: A magnitude 7.6 earthquake rattled Japan, killing more than 26,360 people. In Tangshan, China, 1976, a magnitude 8.0 tsunami killed more than 255,000 people. 2004: The Indian Ocean experienced a 9.0 tsunami, its destruction killing more than 350,000 people. Just last year, Haiti lost 222,570 inhabitants because of a 7.0 earthquake (Brunner and Rowen 1), leaving the country in more trouble than they can dig

The Tsunami Disaster

1344 words - 5 pages The Tsunami Disaster At 0059 GMT on 26 December 2004, a magnitude 9.3 earthquake ripped apart the seafloor off the coast of northwest Sumatra. Over 100 years of accumulated stress was released in the second biggest earthquake in recorded history. It unleashed a devastating tsunami that travelled thousands of kilometres across the Indian Ocean, taking the lives of nearly 300,000 people

Warning Systems and Prevention Techniques of Tsunamis

1259 words - 5 pages magnitude earthquake and its waves devastated the Indian Ocean region as well as some parts of South-East Asia causing the death of around 230,000 people. As tsunamis are a natural disaster, we cannot prevent them but we can use early warning systems and community preparedness to minimize the effects and destruction. In response to the 2004 disaster, the National Oceanic and Atmosphere Administration (NOAA) along with the United Nations

Tsunamis: How Oregon Can Better Prepare for Cascadia

1970 words - 8 pages began to develop a tsunami warning system (Igarashi, 2011, 2043). The tsunami in Chile on May 22, 1960 turned the United State’s warning system into an international system, and the Indian Ocean tsunami on December 26, 2004 established a global tsunami warning system (Igarashi, 2011, 2044). Reliable warning systems complement and further improve the ongoing efforts made for tsunami preparedness. It is difficult to predict how much damage or loss of

The Cascadia Earthquake: A Disaster that Could Happen

2533 words - 10 pages tsunami warning system (Igarashi, 2011,2043). The tsunami in Chile on May 22, 1960 turned the United State’s warning system into an international system, and the Indian Ocean tsunami on December 26, 2004 established a global tsunami warning system (Igarashi, 2011, 2044). Reliable warning systems complement and further improve the ongoing efforts made for tsunami preparedness. It is difficult to predict how much damage or loss of life a tsunami can

Comparing Two Earthquakes

996 words - 4 pages much more common in some places than others, for instance there is a long narrow belt of earthquake activity that goes down the Atlantic Ocean. Another follows the west coast of North and South of America and then goes all the way round the edge of the Pacific Ocean to New Zealand. Earthquakes occur when two plates suddenly jolt past each other, which produces shock waves called ‘Seismic Waves’ An Earthquakes focus is the

The Cause and Effect of the Tsunami in Thailand in 2004

2119 words - 8 pages 2004 was aroused because of the grinding between two large plates in the Indian Ocean. Fatally, it was so intense that it literally caused something far more deadly. The epicenter of this earthquake was in the Indian Ocean, just off the western coast of the island of Sumatra. When the Burma plate cracked, the unexpected movement shifted trillions of tons of water. Unfortunately, that mass of water moved up to the ocean surface, where it stretched

Similar Essays

Natural Disasters Essay

596 words - 2 pages destroyed 11 large Chinese towns along with hundreds of villages, leaving millions homeless. The flood covered an extensive widespread of 50,000 square miles, unfortunately killing approximately 900,000 to 2,000,000 people. Another well-known disaster is the Indian Ocean Tsunami. It was caused in December 26, 2004 by an earthquake that approximately had the energy of 23,000 Hiroshima-type atomic bombs. The 9.0 magnitude earthquake was under the Indian

The Indian Ocean Tsunami Essay

2496 words - 10 pages Imagine more than half of the population of Kenosha being over-taken by a deluge of water without warning or the ability to escape. On December 26, 2004, an earthquake measuring 9.0 on the Richter scale, occurred in the Indian Ocean off of the Samaritan coast, triggering the deadliest tsunami in recorded history. Before the tsunami, this region of the world was one of the most sought after vacation spots. After the record

The Effects Which A Natural Disaster Can Have On A Country

1223 words - 5 pages . Firstly, financial and human loss will be directly caused by natural disasters, as well as other long-term issues, for example, homelessness. Recorded by the United States Geological Survey, at 00:58:53 coordinated universal time on the 26th of December, 2004, the 2004 Indian Ocean earthquake, the third largest earthquake in human history, occurred, with a moment magnitude of 9.1-9.3, which consequently lead to the 2004 Indian Ocean tsunami

The Japanese Earthquake And Consequent Tsunami

1630 words - 7 pages government estimates the tsunami took around 5 million tons of debris off shore. 70% sank leaving about 1.5 million tons of debris floating in the Pacific Ocean. Thailand – Phuket Introduction On December 26, 2004, an earthquake occurred in the Indian Ocean with a magnitude of 9.0, this triggered a deadly Tsunami, which devastated Phuket and surrounding countries including Indonesia, India and Malaysia. This deadly Tsunami