This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

2010 National Space Policy Implications Essay

1506 words - 7 pages

On June 28, 2010, President Barack Obama revealed the nation’s National Space Policy. The new policy was vastly different than the previous administration’s policy. Areas of concern addressed in the 2010 policy included future direction for NASA missions, increased cooperation between nations, commercial and civilian use of space, and space as a contested environment. One of the biggest differences between President Obama’s policy and the policy of past administrations was the stance on weapons and conflict in space. No longer is the United States in a space race with the Soviet Union. Space is now a congested, contested arena where over 60 nations currently operate. This research paper will analyze the 2010 National Space Policy and identify the implications it has on space warfare.
Prior to President Obama’s policy, the 2006 National Space Policy set forth by President Bush had an entirely different tone as far as space warfare is concerned. The 2006 policy laid out national security guidelines that spoke of global strategic warning, missile defense, denying adversary’s use of space, and intelligence collection. These statements are not found in the 2010 policy. Three techniques that have implications on space warfare that can be found in the 2010 space policy are transparency, cooperation, and arms control.
The first implication that this policy has had on space warfare is transparency. Transparency, in the context of space policy, means being open about the activities any nation operating in space takes. It is difficult to use transparency as a means to prevent the weaponization of space because some of the biggest powers that have access to space are the least transparent. For example, North Korea is one of the most non-transparent nations. We know little to nothing about their Intercontinental Ballistic Missile (ICBM) programs, and even less about their space program. In late 2012 North Korea launched a very basic satellite that actually achieved orbit. While this launch may not pose an immediate threat, the possibility exists that they might have more advanced technology waiting in the wings.
Another non-transparent nation that has actually tested their capabilities to wage war on satellites in space is China. The problem with China is that they have the money, technology, and know-how to pose a real threat. On January 11, 2007, China launched an anti-satellite (ASAT) missile at an old Fengyun-1C weather satellite. The test proved successful; however, the explosion littered a section of low Earth orbits with thousands of pieces of debris. While China claims to promote the peaceful use of space, their space program is led by the People’s Liberation Army (PLA). Being that little is known about their intentions in space, using transparency to bar any future wars in space simply will not work.
Cooperation between all of the space faring nations in order to better mankind is a great notion. However, laws, and...

Find Another Essay On 2010 National Space Policy Implications

How the United States Must Handle China and Its Military in the 21st Century

4515 words - 18 pages military technologies for nuclear, space, and cyber warfare all of which will have implications on the regional military force balance and beyond the Asia-Pacific region. These new technologies are all asymmetric warfare items which could be used against the United States centers of gravity. Recent announcements from Chinese officials stated its military budget will rise 7.5 percent in 2010 , but the United States should be skeptical of this

Space Debris Essay

2457 words - 10 pages needed to be reversed. In 2009 there was a collision between an operational US satellite and a long dead Russian satellite which resulted in both satellites breaking up and creating even more debris. This sparked the first international conference on space debris removal which occurred later that year. In 2010 the US National Space Policy included space debris removal for the first time(Kushner, D., 2010). Technologies began being developed such as

Outer Space Treaty Implications of Orbital Weapons Systems

3346 words - 13 pages geosynchronous belt as demonstrated on May 13, 2013. This truly expands the capability from ISR satellites to functionally anything on orbit to include the Global Positioning System (GPS) and communications satellites (Murray, 2013). To expand the implications from not only national security, but to worldwide impacts to space operations once only has to look at the capabilities leveraged for communications for global commerce, search and rescue

Cooperation in Space Situational Awareness

2112 words - 8 pages . ---. “Milspace Expansion To Be Outlined In New Space Policy,” Aviation Week & Space Technology, 26 Apr 2010, 32. US Department of Defense and Director of National Intelligence. National Security Space Strategy Unclassified Summary. Washington, DC, 2011. “USA Moves Ahead with Next-Generation ‘Space Fence’ Tracking,” Defense Industry Daily. 02 Jun 2011, accessed 13 Nov 2011, Weeden, Brian. “The numbers game: What’s in Earth orbit and how do we know?” The Space Review. July 13, 2009,

Good Order at Sea in the Asia-Pacific Region

1565 words - 6 pages well equipped and experienced could be reliable enough to handle maritime research such as hydrographic and oceanic survey in regard to publicity and understanding on sea, even though that is not their primary duty . Developing maritime policy Two dimensions of interest in regulating the ocean space and resources contained in it, firstly, national interests and authority, secondly, the importance and relevance of it to the global rules on

Prediction of the Need for Space Debris Reclamation

2104 words - 9 pages debris has been left over from the last 57 years of space exploration, but an increasing amount has been left in recent years as we have increased the number of satellites launched. In 2010 Euroconsult Incorporated estimated that from 2010-2019 122 satellites would be launched into orbit each year, a marked increase from the 77 satellites launched each year in the previous decade. (6) In a 2004 report on the history of orbital debris Lockheed

Costs and Benefits of Humans and Space Technologies, Exploration and Innovation

1895 words - 8 pages space utilization. We cannot utilize space and sustain our national security if the government does not provide consistent, stable resources and funding; this also limits our participation in future space activities. Collectively, instability in space policy and space program decision making adds to the existing high risks naturally associated to space exploration then skeptism rises and public support declines. Such uncertainties and inconsistencies

NASA’s Future: Up in the Air

1189 words - 5 pages . "Obama Vows Renewed Space Program." The New York Time. N.p., 19 Apr. 2010. Web. 15 May 2011. . Foust, Jeff. "Memorials and Malaise." Editorial. The Space Review. Space UP Houston, 31 Jan. 2011. Web. 20 Feb. 2011. <> Handwerk, Brian. "NASA 'On Track' for 2020 Human Moon Mission." National Geographic. N.p., 11 Dec. 2007. Web. 15 May 2011

On Ripostes and the Far Right: Mainstream Party Strategies, Far Right Responses, and Electoral Success

2336 words - 10 pages Theory of Democracy, the notion that parties compete with one another over voters in some one- or two-dimensional policy space has become a centerpiece of research on political competition (Enelow et al 1984). Subsequent research on the topic has emphasized a number of factors and has expanded the reach of Downs’ original theorizations. In some extensions, more thorough discussions of the dynamics of competition in multi-party systems are

How Adult Students with Learning Difficulties are taught to Spell in Adult Literacy Classes

2280 words - 9 pages which ignores cultural and linguistic diversity. This has implications for the teaching of spelling and the larger perspective of what industry wants overlaid over how spelling is taught. Payne (2006) pointed out it is an under researched area. Restrained by national policies teaching development resources and technology. The Clackmannanshire Study (Ellis, 2007) helped to shape the question ‘Is phonics is one of the strategies used and is it

Mainstream International Relations Has Excluded Multiplicity of Voices and Issues

4188 words - 17 pages For the most part of second half of twentieth century, realist mode of thinking had dominated the discipline of international relations (IR), at least in the United States. Scholars and diplomats such as Hans Morgenthau and Henry Kissinger steered US foreign policy towards a state centric realist ‘highway’. The main signposts on that highway, among many others, were anarchy, national security, sovereignty and power politics. However, in 1960s

Similar Essays

Reagan And Obama: A Comparison Of Space Policy

1081 words - 5 pages American exceptionalism calling the initiative a “reach for greatness.”   Barack Obama’s view of America is more pluralistic than Reagan’s. He sees NASA and space exploration in general as a shared journey between the United States and other nations of the world, both space fairing and space benefitting ("National Space Policy,” 2010). His 2010 Space Policy document begins by explaining how times have changed since the early days of the space

Chinese Administration Response To 2008 Financial Crisis

975 words - 4 pages ofChina's Fiscal Stimulus." IDB Working Paper Series 211, 2010.3de Haan, Arjan, "The Financial Crisis and China's "Harmonious Society"," Journal ofCurrent Chinese Affairs, Vol. 39, No. 2, (2010), 69-99.4Kang, Jia, "Meeting the Challenges of Financial Crisis - China's Practice: from DevelopingCountries' Prospective," Public Policy Review, Vol. 6, No. 4, (2010), 645-658.5Lee, Chang H., "National Policy Responses to the Financial and Economic Crisis

Health Care Questions Essay

2308 words - 10 pages (Bonehill, 2010). In addition, it will be easier to address the potential non-compliance instances that are associated with the implementation of the policy. Secondly, it is vital to establish a committee that will oversee the formulation and implementation of a smoke-free policy. Additionally, an individual team should be created to manage the implementation protocols. The committees should ensure that the workers’ views are represented in the

The Benefits Of Space Exploration Essay

2236 words - 9 pages , 2014, from NASA Science (n.d.). Earth - NASA Science. Retrieved April 25, 2014, from Pros/Cons of Exploration - Future Plans for the Exploration of the Galilean Satellites of Jupiter. (n.d.). Retrieved April 25, 2014, from Space Policy and Coordination Unit (2010). Space exploration and