3 Attributes That A Human Should Have To Be Considered An Agent

1586 words - 6 pages

There are many views on what infants believe can be agents. For an infant an agent can be anything that can have a goal or a purpose of action. The thing is that many different researchers have different ideas on what an infant identifies as an agent. There have been many studies done to figure this out. Some researchers such as: Melzoff, Tomasello, Woodward, Summerville, and Guajardo, believe in the humans first view. “This view predicts that young infants attribute goals to humans but not other agents”(Luo & Baillargeon, 2005). I believe this means that an infant will first consider an agent anything that is human and then other objects. Researchers like: Baron-Cohen, Gergely, Johnson, Leslie, and Premack say “from an early age, infants attribute goals to both human and nonhuman agents. We refer to this as the all agents view” (Luo & Baillargeon, 2005).
In an experiment done by Woodward in 1998 a human arm went to grasp toy A instead of toy B in the habituation phase. And for the test the arm grabbed toy B. Woodward found that the infant looked longer when the arm grabbed toy B. He concluded that “they interpreted the actor’s actions during habituation as directed toward the goal of obtaining toy A, expected the actor to pursue the same goal during the test and were surprised in the new goal even when they actor grasped toy B” (Luo & Baillargeon, 2005). Woodward followed this experiment with one containing a “flat occluder shaped like an arm and hand, a rod tipped with a sponge, or a mechanical claw” (Luo & Baillargeon, 2005). With this experiment he found that they didn’t look longer at the new goal even and said that, “5 to 6 month old infants attribute goals to humans but not to nonhuman agents” (Luo & Baillargeon). I think that form his findings we can infer that an agent for a 5 to 6 month old would be a human. Also that anything resembling a human but was not actually human could not be considered an agent.
In a study done by Luo and Baillargeon in 2005 experiments were done to help figure out whether it was true that “5 month olds may attribute a goal to a non human agent if given unambiguous evidence that they are indeed faced with an agent” (Luo & Baillargeon, 2005). I think what this means is that they were looking to see if infants can identify an agent if they know it has a goal even though it is non human. In their findings they saw that the infants “categorized the box as an agent, interpreted the box’s actions during familiarization as directed towards the goal of contacting the cone, expected the box to pursue the same goal during the test, and were surprised when the box approached the cylinder” (Luo & Baillargeon). These results to me seem very close to the results from Woodward’s experiments done with toy A and toy B. When comparing these two results I can infer that babies at 5 months do consider non-human objects as agents. Given that there is a familiarization trial and the babies get to know what object that the...

Find Another Essay On 3 Attributes That A Human Should Have to be Considered an Agent

Bill Bryson: Should He Be Considered an Appalachian Trail Hiker?

784 words - 3 pages Should Bill Bryson be considered an Appalachian Trail hiker? Most thru hikers believe that the only type of AT hiker is a thru hiker. Critics even talk about how Bryson just hiked a portion of the trail. “[…]-- although he doesn't meet that many, because in the end he hikes less than half the route. The book is subtitled "Rediscovering America on the Appalachian Trail," but Bryson doesn't seem to have discovered very much at all.” (Friedman

Should mothers to be have a right to abortion?

1013 words - 4 pages are poor. The majority of people today may gear their views against abortion, because they feel as though it is morally wrong. Yet, the question still remains, 'Should mothers to be have a right to abortion?' My answer is, yes mothers should have that right.A woman may refuse to have an abortion because she believes that it is against God's Law or words, as stated in Exodus 20 verse 13 "Thou shall not kill". And by that means, some would say that

why should Napoleon Bonaparte be considered as a hero

607 words - 2 pages Chengzu, whose reign was considered as one of the most prosperous periods in this dynasty. During his reign, an unprecedented encyclopedia called Yongle Dadian was regarded as the biggest and earliest encyclopedia in the world. From 1405 to 1433, Emperor Chengzu sent a eunuch named Zhenghe to lead Ming's fleets across the Indian Ocean. They visited many countries in Southeast Asia, expanding the influence of the Ming Dynasty in the world. Meanwhile,Forbidden City, BeijingEmperor Chengzu began to construct an imperial palace from 1406 and moved the capital city from Yingtian to Beijing in 1421.

Should Euthanasia Be Considered Ethical?

845 words - 3 pages a crime, therefore we should not participate in the practice of euthanasia, because it is murder, and it is not something that humans should do.Another thing is that even if active euthanasia is legalized, is it okay to kill a human without his or her consent? If the patient is able to talk, this issue would not apply, but what if the patient is in coma? Do the doctors and the patients' family members have the right to make a life-or-death

Should Hasidism Be Considered Revolutionary?

806 words - 3 pages Hasidim. One example of an issue where the Hasidim and the general Jewish population disagreed had to do with the sanctification and celebration of Shabbat. Ths Hasidim believed that there should not be sermons on Shabbat because they frequently bring out the short commings of the people. They believe that instead Shabbat should be entirely about celebration and rest. The traditional Jews believed that there should indeed be a sermon on Shabbat

Metrics that should be developed to measure the performance of a data warehouse in the following environments: 1) health care, 2) retail and 3) pharma.

1525 words - 6 pages jargon.For a major and busy healthcare center, some other features that a data warehouse ought to have become much more important. These features are mostly relevant to the processing and accessing run-time durations of the tables within the database. Those include; Connectivity, On-Time Delivery, Cycle-Time, and Run-Time. The ninth weighted performance metric does also seem crucial to be employed for the data warehouse performance within the health care

Science Fiction Essay - "Planet of the Apes": There should scientific elements that are to be considered, use them in your essay if you can.

944 words - 4 pages other colleges are treated like government officials, in the case of them giving "Taylor" a fair trial they have the privilege of sitting at a table whereas "Taylor" had to stand naked.A frequent setting for most science fiction texts would be that they are set in laboratories and isolated locations where people are not allowed to go. An example for a setting in a laboratory would be when Taylor had been captured and was put in a cage, then to

Abortion: Choice or Life. Asks the question of whether abortion should be a choice or if life outweighs the choice for a woman to have an abortion.

675 words - 3 pages examine the facts and ask themselves if an abortion is killing of a human life or merely equivalent to a contraceptive.While abortion is a very hot topic today, it is not a new topic of argument. Abortions have been performed since ancient times with the same cloud of controversy surrounding it that still exists in our society. Women in ancient times would often try their own methods of abortion such as inserting pastes made of mashed ants and

A prisoner should be let out unless they have a job to go to

1064 words - 4 pages and the number of people in prison. [3]Consequently, I agree that people should not be allowed out of prison, unless they have a job to go to.References1. http://www.humanism.org.uk/site/cms/contentPrintArticle.asp?article=12262. 'Prisons - Do They Work? '(2004) http://www.truth-and-justice.info/2004/prison.html3. Roger Matthews (1999), 'Doing Time-An Introduction to the Sociology ofImprisonment', MACMILLAN PRESS LTD

Taking a director of your choice, consider with reference to at least three of their films the extent to which they may be considered an auteur.

2015 words - 9 pages directors like Francois Truffaut who advocated a focus on the contribution directors made on the style and form of film' (Stacey, 2010) it means that the director is the main creative force behind the film production, any changes or decisions to the film would be done by him, the film should be the expression of one person, and many of the films produced by the director should bear the directors personal identity. Many would have unique traits through

Do you agree that abortion should be legal under circumstances or mothers should have the right to abortion as they wish?

1248 words - 5 pages Do you agree that abortion should be legal under circumstances or mothers should have the right to abortion as they wish?Why should abortion be legalised? A number of Controversial arguments about problems of abortion have been discussed seriously in many countries over hundreds of years. For example, Ireland and Texas have just passed the law and restrictions respectively relating to abortion after lengthy heated discussion. It is a very

Similar Essays

Should Machines Have Human Emotions? Essay

741 words - 3 pages sorrow. However, human-like emotional structures to robots are not an automatic result of our intelligence. For robots and machines to have human emotions, then it would have to be able to think like a human, and being the creatures humans are, we are more or less unpredictable of our actions and doings to other living things.It is also practically important to avoid making robots that are reasonable targets for either human sympathy or dislike

Abortion Should Not Be Illegal. This Is A Persuasive Essay That Shows The Good That Could Come Out Of An Abortion And Why It Should Continue To Be Legal For Women To Choose To Have An Abortion

985 words - 4 pages into making a law that favors their religion. The government should not be influenced by these religions if they want to remain constitutional.How would you feel if you were a woman who has been unexpectedly impregnated and all of a sudden, you would have to drop everything you have done in your life, school, and work? How would your friends and family react to this? What would happen to your social status? This is the dilemma many women face who

Attributes That Have Influence Essay

560 words - 2 pages only thing that really has changed was that instead of having 365 ¼ days we have changed it to 365 days and every four years we add an extra day. The rest is still the same, the Egyptians even had their year divided up into what we now call months, and the based their schedule upon the seasons. (Roberts, p.72) The world has changed a lot since ancient times, but some things that came out during that time still play an important role in the

Tok Essay: Should A Knower's Personal Point Of View Be Considered An Asset In The Pursuit Of Knowledge, Or An Obstacle To Be Overcome?

1020 words - 4 pages view should be considered an asset in the pursuit of knowledge or an obstacle to be overcome is relative, since knowledge is not absolute. There are many forms of knowledge, such as math, science, history, art, etc. In order to attain information on these specific areas, one could use personal point of view, and in others impartial ideas. One also has to question what a personal point of view is: is it only based on life experience or authority as