3 Perspecitves Of Early Psychology Essay

588 words - 2 pages

There are 10 different perspectives of early psychology. I will be focusing on three: Gestalt psychology, psychodynamic, and cognitive. Here is a summary of each.Gestalt psychology: Belief that the whole (Gestalt) is more than the sum of the parts, particularly in human behavior. For example the brain "sees" the rapid presentation of photographs as cinematographic motion, a musical piece is more than just collection of notes. The Gestalt school arose from researchers like Max Wertheimer, Kurt Koffka and Wolfgang Kohler just before WWI, countering the Victorian notion that the universe was just a collection of atoms and even complex human behavior was mere "conditioned reflexes". Gestalt theorists believe that the brain "adds" something to what it senses of the outside world. Since the 1950s Gestalt refers to a type of psychotherapy that assumes that separation of mind and body is artificial and that the human organism instead responds holistically to life events. Humans are aware of and accurately perceive themselves, their needs and the world.Cognitive: The word cognitive means of, or relating to mental activity such as thinking, remembering, learning, or using language. As you have guessed, cognitive perspectives examine development in terms of mental processing. The two major views within this perspective are cognitive developmental theory and information processing theory.Cognitive Developmental Theory was advanced by Jean Piaget.. Piaget claims that cognitive thought develops in four qualitatively different stages. Each stage represents a different mode from which we view our world. Piaget's four stages are:SENSORIMOTOR(Birth to 2 years)PREOPERATIONAL(2 years to 7 years)CONCRETE OPERATIONAL(7 years to 11 years)FORMAL OPERATIONAL(11 years +)The Information Processing Theory was advanced by Atkinson and Shiffrin. The IP theorists claim that our cognitive processes are like that of a computer. Here is an example to help you better...

Find Another Essay On 3 perspecitves of early psychology

Discussion of Theoretical Perspectives in Danby, S. (1996). Constituting social membership: Two readings of talk in an early childhood classroom. Language and Education, 10(2&3), 151-170

1654 words - 7 pages IntroductionThe above paper is based on two alternative readings interpreted through the traditional early childhood pedagogy and ideas from feminist post-structuralism. This paper seeks to explore some limitations of the traditional early childhood pedagogy in addressing gender issues by comparing it with the feminist post-structuralist approach. A brief introduction to each theoretical perspective will first be given.Developmental psychology

History Culminating Essay Topic 3 Question: The Importance of immigration to the Canadian economy in the early 20th century

955 words - 4 pages In the early decades of the 20th century, over one in five people living in Canada were immigrants. As immigrants were introduced to the freshly structured land and economy of Canada it began to show that immigration was essential to the financial structure of Canada. Some of the reasons that immigration was important to the Canadian economy in the early 20th century is that it prevented American expansion, Railway Business benefited from

Forensic Psychology Literature Review

1779 words - 7 pages be considered a scholarly article due to the information was researched from numerous articles published by the American Psychology Legal Society, along with articles from the American Psychological Association. Ogloff thesis is that Psychology and the issue of Law began in the 1800’s, yet due to the lack of understanding it lost momentum and faltered for a short time during the early 1900’s. Despite the “one step back”, the idea of Psychology

I/O Psychology

974 words - 4 pages organizational psychology is put together the nature of the field is maximized by including both aspects of the divisions.The study of industrial organizational psychology originated in the United States in the early 1900s through the work of psychologists Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott (Spector, 2008). Both Munsterberg and Scott received training from Wilhelm Wundt and German psychologist. Most of the practical application was developed

What It Takes to Work in Forensic Psychology

768 words - 4 pages “hard” or natural scientists such as anthropologists and chemists discredit psychology as a science because one hundred percent accuracy or certainty is rare. One of the common controversies within the field of psychology is determining if behavior is a direct result of inherited characteristics or environmental influences (Belkin and Witting 3). Nevertheless, psychology has evolved for well over a century and it has various applications and

I/O Psychology

1036 words - 4 pages supervisory practices. When industrial and organizational psychology is put together the nature of the field is maximized by including both aspects of the divisions. The study of industrial organizational psychology originated in the United States in the early 1900s through the work of psychologists Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott (Spector, 2008). Both Munsterberg and Scott received training from Wilhelm Wundt and German psychologist. Most of

Forensic Psychology

1383 words - 6 pages “hard” or natural scientists such as anthropologists and chemists discredit psychology as a science because one hundred percent accuracy or certainty is rare. One of the common controversies within the field of psychology is determining if behavior is a direct result of inherited characteristics or environmental influences (Belkin and Witting 3). Nevertheless, psychology has evolved for well over a century and it has various applications and

Robert Yerkes: A Brief Biography of a Significant Contributor to Modern Psychology

1237 words - 5 pages ). The Relation of Strength of Stimulus to Rapidity of Habit- Formation. M. Bar-Eli. Editor & D.Smith. Editor (Ed.). In Essential Readings in Sport and Exercise Psychology.13-22. Champaign, IL: Human Kinetics. Elliot, R.M. (1956). Robert Mearns Yerkes: 1876-1956. The American Journal of Psychology, 69:3. 487-494. Shultz, D.P., & Shultz, S.E. (2011). A History of Modern Psychology. US: Cengage Learning. Triplet, R.G. (1982). The Relationship of

Definition of Psychology

1039 words - 4 pages Definition of Psychology The term psychology comes from two Greek words: psyche, which means 1. The spirit or soul. 2. The human mind. 3. In psychoanalysis, the mind functioning as the center of thought, emotion, and behavior. And logos, "the study of." or according to modern researches "science" These root words were first combined in the 16th century, at a time when the human soul, spirit, or mind was

Foundations of Psychology

947 words - 4 pages thinker to take a further investigate of the human conscious and unconscious mind. These observations lead too the development of humanistic psychology, and cognitive psychology where discovered in the human function of memory through mental awareness, and personal growth. The more scientific observations where conducted on investigations the more diagnosis of behavioral where found to exists in human mind at an early age. Therefore, the appropriate

Explore the question "what is psychology?" Provide clear definitions and explanations that demonstrate your knowledge of it's historical development then conclude with a definition

1528 words - 6 pages area, thus there are existing elements of an art form in clinical psychology at least.The origins of psychology can be dated back to Ancient Greece where such great minds as Plato, his mentor Socrates and his student Aristotle "helped to lay the foundations of Western Philosophy" with their thinking and writings (3). It is from philosophy that psychology draws it's roots, not emerging as a separate discipline until the 1800s. At a time when people

Similar Essays

10 Perspectives Of Early Psychology Essay

850 words - 3 pages As described, there are 10 different perspectives of early psychology. These perspectives are: Structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt psychology, Behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, physiological, evolutionary, cognitive, and cultural and diversity. Here is a summary of each.Structuralism is "the earliest approach in modern psychology, founded by Wilhelm Wundt; its goal was to evaluate the basic elements of a cognizant experience: (Davis and

This Is About The Early Perspectives Of Psychology

739 words - 3 pages The study of the way people think and behave is called psychology. The field of psychology has a number of sub-disciplines devoted to the study of the different levels and contexts of human thought and behavior. In early psychology, the different perspectives are functionalism, Gestalt, behavioral, psychodynamic, humanistic, physiological, evolutionary, cognitive, and cultural and diversity.The structuralism approach, which according to the

The Following Is My Summary Of The Ten Early Perspectives Of Psychology

1130 words - 5 pages In psychology there are ten early perspectives. These perspectives are structuralism, functionalism, Gestalt psychology, behaviorism, psychodynamic, humanistic, physiological, evolutionary, cognitive, and cultural and diversity. The different perspectives in early psychology have had a tremendous influence on modern psychology, and the way it has progressed. Each perspective has its own unique way of explaining the human behavior. The following

Abraham Maslow: Founder Of Humanistic Psychology And His Contribution To Early Child Education

723 words - 3 pages ). Next, he began teaching at Brooklyn College, where he met people like Adler, Horney, Fromm, Gestalt, and many Freudian psychologists (Boeree, 2011). Finally, he transferred to Brandeis University where he served as the chair of the psychology department and began his campaign for humanistic psychology (Boeree, 2011). As his life progressed, he spent his retirement in California. On June 8, 1970, he died of a heart attack after many years of