3 D Printing Polymer Research And Development Essay

1677 words - 7 pages

In the current age of technology the demand for innovations and renovations to existing 3D-technology, has drastically increased. 3D-printing is being used in a wide variety of fields, and this is due, in part, to an increase in the efficiency and capabilities of these printers. With this increased efficiency however, comes the questions of what polymer is the best one to use in 3D-printing. Here following, the focus is on 3D-printing polymers that can be used in the medical field. And how may these polymers be produced at a reasonable price? As these questions are brought to the forefront of the 3D-printing revolution, independent labs are researching and developing new-age polymers to cope with increasing research and technical demands.

Basic Polymer Techonology:
Polymer technology is founded in the premises of heat-resistance and moldability. All 3D printers are dependent upon a heat resistant, moldable plastic that may be shaped, or “printed”. However, because 3D printing is a newer technology, having become a major focus in only the last five to ten years, almost all of the plastics and polymers are in the alpha testing or “lab phase”, and even those that have progressed into the beta testing phase, have not yet achieved corporate and commercial approval on an expansive and profitable scale. Due to a large variety of polymers being tested, and many potential uses have been projected to manufacturers, it is no surprise that the idea of using 3D-printing manufacturing of prosthetic devices has been proposed.
The leading corporation in 3D-printing, Stratasys, is currently testing two new polymers. They are responsible for the manufacturing of different types of polymers and printers used in industrial and industrialized-commercial 3D printing. For medical printing, concerns of polymer stability and durability, as well as the necessity of bio-degradable and Bio-safe manufacturing are raised by engineers, doctors, and other professionals.

Polymer Stability and Types of Polymers:
Polymer stability is dependent upon the category of polymer being considered. There are two major categories, those that have a more rigid orientation, that provide the structural strength necessary in certain products, and those polymers that have a more putty-like consistency, and which are used in the manufacturing of false eyes, injection molding, and organ printing, as these polymers have the ability to respond to stress via flexing. Those belonging to the former category are “FDM Thermoplastics” or “Fused Deposition Modeling Thermoplastics” and the polymers falling into the latter category are “Polyjet Photopolymers”. (Stratasys).
Polyjet Photopolymers are being used in the manufacturing of fake eyes, because they mold well, and may be individually shaped to a person’s eye, based on a silicone adhesive, or alginate mold. (For an example of a Polyjet Photopolymer, see Figure 1). FDM Thermoplastics are currently being used in automotive...

Find Another Essay On 3D-Printing Polymer Research and Development

Academic Research and Development on Ceral Crops

761 words - 4 pages Overview The St. Paul campus of the University of Minnesota houses the College of Food, Agricultural, and Natural Resource Sciences programs. At this location, students and staff conduct world class academic research and development in cereal crops. Trials conducted at this location aim to reduce losses in wheat, oat, and barely to major herbal diseases. Research into new plant variations, herbicidal resistance, crop staging, and rotational

Research and Development and Financial Performance of UK Manufacturing Firms

1168 words - 5 pages Research and Development and Financial Performance of UK Manufacturing Firms UK manufacturing firms have many factors which influence their financial performance. Research and Development could be a key factor in determining a firms success, however it does not assure financial improvement in all businesses due to the extensive variety of business types. Research and Development can be defined as the scientific

Consider psychological research into the effects of day care on children's cognitive and/or social development

514 words - 2 pages "While day care is being increasingly used by parents, it is still nuclear what its precise effects are on a child's development are."Consider psychological research into the effects of day care on children's cognitive and/or social developmentCognitive development is the growth and development of a child's mental processes. The effects on the cognitive development of children who go to day care are mainly positive especially in boys who benefit

Describe and Discuss Psychological research relating to development in Peer Relationships.

1607 words - 6 pages ; Richards, 1991).This essay will begin by defining the word peers, before going on to discuss what is so special about peer relationships and describe the difference between friends and non-friends, and then outline and evaluate the research relating to development in peer relationships.By definition, peers are individuals who are close in age to one another, closely usually than siblings. Thus, in contrast with their status in most of their

Haviland's and Clark's research on stages of childrens' linguistic development of kinship terms

890 words - 4 pages than one occasion, the children refer to their aunt and uncle as their grandmother and grandfather respectively and vice-versa.Bibliography'The Development of Language' Jean Berko Gleason, Allyn & Bacon (2001)'Developmental and Pathological' Morton and Marshall, Paul Elek (1977)'Explanations in the study of child language development' Martin Atkinson, Cambridge University Press (1982)

Abortion Fetal tissue research is the process of using fetal tissue, derived from legal abortions, for scientific research into fundamental biological processes and human development.

746 words - 3 pages Every year in Canada, over 100 000 murders never reach thecourtroom.1 They never reach the courtroom because they are completelylegal. Abortion continues to grow across the world, hurting and killingchildren, as well as their mothers. Abortion is immoral, harmful, and actions must be taken to stop it.When a woman aborts, she is not only killing her child but is alsoharming herself. Legal abortion is the fifth leading cause of maternaldeath.2 Ten

The Expansion of 3D Printing

1458 words - 6 pages Until recently, 3D printing was only utilized by product designers and hobbyists working primarily with plastics and was not available to the mass market. With the recent price drop of 3D printers and availability of 3D printing materials, the popularity of 3D printing has dramatically increased in the last couple of years. It has been estimated that 3D printing could generate an economic impact of $230 billion to $550 billion per year by 2025

Larger than a Paper Jam: The Future of 3D Printing

1918 words - 8 pages and fractional price of 3D printed prosthetics are clear signs that they will be employed in the future. In a laboratory environment, 3D printing has also been used in the development and testing of drugs. Organovo, a 3D bioprinting company, reported a success in their study of the effects of acetaminophen on liver cells (Molitch-Hou). The liver cells were created by a 3D printer and then tested with acetaminophen in a lab environment (Molitch

Three Dimensional Printing

1036 words - 4 pages printings rise in availability impact future economic standing when it becomes possible to print commodities as opposed to buying them? Will weapons control laws be able to regulate the printing of armaments? And what will three dimensional printing do for creating more affordable medical and scientific research? Among the more pressing controversies regarding 3D printing is gun control. Most notably, a young man and self proclaimed crypto

mom

2942 words - 12 pages plastics materials used in 3D printing that is suitable for printing are polylactic acid, polycarbonate, or acrylonitrile butadiene styrene also know as “ABS” plastic which is the same type of plastic for Lego and the common choice for 3D printing. More commonly thermoplastic are used in the design process of 3D printing. Thermoplastic is a polymer, when heated is applied to the plastic it becomes soft and easy to be mold and once cooled it

the future of

2258 words - 10 pages 3D printing from becoming widely available is the tedious amount of inspection and policing from the government that it will face; “the biggest remaining hurdles were probably regulatory ones” (qtd. in Fountain). This includes meticulous review from the government and “a review by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA)- a process that can take three to 10 years” (3D Printed, Mearian). On top of that, “The rapid development of 3D bio-printers

Similar Essays

The History, Now And Future Of 3 D Printing

786 words - 3 pages , designers create models using computer-aided design (CAD) software, and then machines follow that software model to determine how to construct the object. The process of building that object by "printing" its cross-sections layer by layer became known as 3-D printing.The earliest development of 3-D printing technologies happened at Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) and at a company called 3D Systems. In the early 1990s, MIT developed a

Outsourcing Research And Development Essay

3563 words - 14 pages has been particularly true of research and development, that part of the business that is so integral to the creation of new products and innovative ideas. Now there are signs that companies are redistributing their product innovation, and in some cases even basic and applied research, across global networks.Research and development, often referred to as R&D, is a phrase that means different things in different applications. In the world of

Research And Development Essay

1314 words - 5 pages Introduction: What is R&D? R&D stands for research and development (known is Spain as I+D). This concept encompasses all the activities which objective is to discover and/or create new knowledge and understanding about science and technology in order to develop new products or services. An example of R&D is the research of new vaccines and medicines. R&D can be found in different areas as construction, engineering, industry…, but especially

The Research And Development Process Essay

5062 words - 20 pages The Research and Development Process Manufacturing companies' Research and Development (R & D) groups significantly contribute to United States' fast-paced industrial technology development. They promote industrial growth, and enhance the social well-being of the people. Normally, companies, especially those with enough resources, accept research contracts from the government and the private-sector to undertake the