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4. Why Did So Many Jews Remain Living In Nazi Germany (Including Austria Following The Anschluss Of March 1938) Up To The Outbreak Of The Second W

1718 words - 7 pages

Though many Jews were able to emigrate out of Germany before further persecution took place, it was substantially difficult for every Jew to escape the impending danger that was looming large in both Nazi Germany and Austria. Reasons for emigration being very difficult included the reluctance of Jews to move when they had lived in Germany all their lives, and had generations of family members who have all been brought up in Germany, and some who had even served for Germany during the First World War. The prospect of leaving family behind was too much to fathom for Jews, as some Jews were married to non-Jewish women, and considered themselves more German rather than Jewish. This essay will ...view middle of the document...

Subsequently, the harsh measures imposed upon on Jews after the Anschluss, had left them no choice but to seek solitude elsewhere in other countries in the prospect of a better future. Since Jews were deprived of their living rights in Nazi Germany and Austria, many Jews were able to emigrate elsewhere, mostly through the assistance of the Palestinian Office, and local Jewish communities within Nazi Germany. However, since Germany's economy had been intensely crippled from the market crash in 1929, financial problems still persisted, even amongst Jewish citizens who were also affected by the economic strains, adding to the difficulty for many others still wanting to emigrate elsewhere. This is further evident as 'between July and August 1938, 70% needed financial assistance, with emigration reaching a monthly average of 8,600.'2 (Add Oxford Referencing Anschluss and Extermination). Emigration was made even more difficult as 'refugees usually needed money and a permit to allow them to emigrate to other countries, and Great Britain insisted that those Jews wanting to emigrate had first to prove they had a job to go in the host country, or that they had sufficient funds to live on'.3 (Add Oxford Reference Background: Life Before the Holocaust). In putting matters worse for Jews, 'Nazis sought to deprive Jews fleeing Germany of their property by levying an increasingly heavy emigration tax and by restricting the amount of money that could be transferred abroad from German banks'.4 (Add Oxford Reference Holocaust Encyclopedia: German Jewish Refugees 1933-1939). Since so much of Jewish property, businesses and homes were apprehended by the Nazi's in the aftermath of the Anschluss, this would mount into even more of a financial dilemma for Jews, as emigration was made very difficult, since it required evidence or documentation for the Jews to prove that they were financially secure, before migrating to another country. However, financial problems were not the only predicament that stood in the way of Jews leaving Nazi Germany and Austria, as tough immigration policies imposed by other countries would add to the prevention of Jews being able to escape the wrath created by Hitler's racial anti- Jewish policy.
In the wake of the Anschluss, Jewish migration rose to an overwhelming number which displayed just how defectively problems emerged towards Jews, causing such numbers of migration to rise in the forthcoming months following the Anschluss. In Vienna alone, 'Jews comprised of about 9 per cent of the city's population, but this number was reduced to just 57,000, due to emigration.'4 (Add Oxford Reference: Holocaust Encyclopedia Austria). In contrast, Nazi Germany witnessed a considerable drop in Jewish population, as outlined by Kershaw who states, 'From 1 April 1937 to 1 October 1938 Jewish population decreased by as much as 5,200 persons, and by May 1939 more than 40 per cent of Jews on the eve of the pogrom had left.'5 (Add Oxford Reference: Ian...

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