Futurism is an art movement which originated from Italy in the early 20th Century which based its concepts on things like speed, technology, energy and violence. There were also parallel movements in Russia and Britain, although in Britain it was mostly known as Vorticism which was slightly different and happened later, it was influenced by Futurism. Futurism was practised on almost every medium such as, painting, sculpture, ceramics, graphic design, industrial design, theatre, film, fashion, textiles, literature, music, architecture and gastronomy.
Futurists embraced the new and exciting world that was upon them, rather than hypocritically pretending they did not like the worlds new modern comforts while criticising them like many other people at that time. The painter and sculptor Umberto Boccioni wrote the Manifesto of Futurist Painters in 1910 in which he vowed:
“We will fight with all our might the fanatical, senseless and snobbish religion of the past, a religion encouraged by the vicious existence of museums. We rebel against that spineless worshipping of old canvases, old statues and old bric-a-brac, against everything which is filthy and worm-ridden and corroded by time. We consider the habitual contempt for everything which is young, new and burning with life to be unjust and even criminal.” This was a big statement to make in that time as it was going against the majority, but in fact it opened people up to a new modern way of looking at life, rather than being stuck in the past.
Futurism artists achieved what they wanted to by working with an extreme contrast in colours and shadows, as well as using intersecting lines to show movement. “Speeding Car” by Giacomo Balla is a perfect example of a design influenced by Futurism. Futurism was short lived and ended in 1916, however, it has influenced many art movements such as, Art Deco, Surrealism and Dada.
Art Deco in the early 20th Century
Art Deco is a design style which originated from Paris in the early 20th Century. Art Deco affected a lot of area’s in design during the 1920s and 1930s which includes Architecture and Industrial Design. In the late 1920s Art Deco seemed to catch on in the U.S and became a very popular style. At the time the Art Deco style was popular, it was viewed as very functional and modern but also very glamorous. The style is recognised clearly by its rich choice of colours and geometric shapes. These are the things that you can clearly see have been influenced and reflect the ideas of Futurism. Art Deco designs progressed vastly through the industry before the second world war, it was used in many different consumer products like jewellery, furniture, textiles and architecture, Although after the second world war it did decline. In the 1960s Art Deco made its comeuppance
Figure 2: Glenn Sheffer, Worlds Fair Chicago, 1933and is still used as influence for many different designs today.
How Futurism was reflected in Art Deco Designs.
In many Art Deco...