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6 Categories Of Anxiety Essay

1884 words - 8 pages

Everyone has some form of stress in his or her life. It is normal to experience occasional anxiety. A student is anxious about a test; someone may get the “butter flies” in the abdomen before speaking in front of a large audience. And who isn’t a little apprehensive about surgical procedures?
Anxiety is different for the people with an Anxiety Disorder. They suffer with a constant worry, fear and tension, which is far worse than the anxiety that we experience from time to time. Anxiety level can be so intense that the sufferer finds ordinary activities difficult or even impossible.
There are six categories of Anxiety Disorders:
GENERALIZED ANXIETY DISORDER (GAD) Persons suffering with GAD have an excessive, unrealistic or uncontrollable worry that lasts six months or more. They worry about everyday issues such as, job, finances or health of both self and family. They could worry over everyday issues such as, chores, car repairs and being late for appointments. Several symptoms may occur with GAD. They include trembling, muscular aches, insomnia, abdominal upsets and dizziness. The sufferer may be irritable, jumpy and feel as though they are "close to the edge." They tire easily and have trouble sleeping.

POST-TRAUMATIC STRESS DISORDER (PTSD) is not a disorder associated solely with military personnel. PTSD can occur at any age, from childhood to old age or can be the result of cumulated stress over a lifetime. PTSD can follow an exposure to a traumatic event such as a sexual or physical assault, witnessing a death, the unexpected death of a loved one, or natural disaster. There are three main symptoms associated with PTSD: "reliving" of the traumatic event (such as flashbacks and nightmares); avoidance behaviors (such as avoiding places related to the trauma) and emotional numbing (detachment from others). In some cases years can pass before symptoms appear; in this case the symptoms are often triggered by the anniversary of the trauma, or with the experience of another traumatic event
SOCIAL ANXIETY DISORDER (SAD) Extreme worries about being judged by others or behaving in a way that might cause embarrassment or ridicule. This intense anxiety may lead to avoidance behavior. Physical symptoms associated with this disorder include heart palpitations, faintness, blushing and profuse sweating. People with social anxiety are seen as being shy, quiet, backward, withdrawn, inhibited, unfriendly, nervous, aloof, or disinterested. The most common fears associated with this disorder are: fear of speaking in public or to strangers, fear of meeting new people, and performance fears (activities that may potentially be embarrassing), such as writing, eating or drinking in public. Sufferers usually fear more than one type of social setting.
SPECIFIC PHOBIAS: People with specific phobias suffer from an intense fear reaction to a specific object or situation (such as spiders, dogs, or heights); the level of fear is usually inappropriate to the situation,...

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