The September 11 Terrorist Attacks Essay

2147 words - 9 pages

On September 11, 2001 an Islamic terrorist organization named al-Qaeda committed a devastating and scaring act of terrorism towards the United States. There was four different attacks that occurred which were carried out by four passenger airliners that were hijacked. Two of the attacks took place in New York City (World Trade Center’s North and South Towers), one was at the Pentagon in Arlington Country (Virginia), and the other occurred in a field in Shanksville (Pennsylvania), which was thought to have been intended for the Capitol or White House. These attacks were carried about a group name al-Qaeda which was led by Osama bin Laden, who was latter killed after being captured by the United States.
Osama bin Laden’s motivation for the attacks are seen in his declaration of a holy war against the US and a 1998 fatwa signed by bin Laden and others, which called for the killing of American. In bin Laden’s November 2002 “Letter to America,” he explicitly stated that al-Qaeda’s motives for their attacks include; support for the “attacks against Muslims” in Somalia, support of Russian “atrocities against Muslims” in Chechnya, Support of Indian “oppression against Muslims” in Kashmir, the presence of the U.S. troops in Saudi Arabia, U.S. support of Israel, the sanctions against Iraq. After the attacks bin Laden and al-Zawahiri released additional video tapes and audio tapes, some of which repeated those reasons for the attacks. Khalid Sheikh Mohammed is the man who came up with the attacks and first presented it to Osama bin Laden in 1996. In late 1998 bin Laden gave approval for Mohammed to go ahead and start organizing their plot. A series of meetings occurred in early 1999, involving Mohammed, bin Laden, and his deputy Mohammed Atef. Bin Laden provided leadership and financial support for the plot, and selected the participants. He initially selected Nawa al-Hazmi and Khalid al-Mihdar who arrived in the states in 2000 and took flying lessons in San Diego, CA, but both did badly, so they did not fly the planes in the hijackings. They only ended up serving as “musclemen,” who were basically soldiers for the hijackers. They and other musclemen would help over power the passengers and crew, and allow for the pilots to take control of the plane. A group of men from Germany arrived in Afghanistan, including Mohamed Atta, Marwan al-Shehii, Ziad Jarrah, and Ramzi bin al-Shibh. They could speak English and met the requirements by bin-Laden. Hanjour already had a commercial pilot’s license and went to San Diego to join Hazmi. They then all left for Arizona, but Bin al-Shibh stayed in Germany communicate between Atta and Mohammed. The three Hambur cell members all took pilot training in South Florida and in 2011 the secondary hijackers arrived in the US. Atta then met with bin al-Shibh where they coordinated details of the plot. They then arranged the attack according to bin-Laden’s wishes.
Overall the hijackers would end up taking over the planes with...

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