A 1500 Word Review On New Labour's New Deal Policy, Taking Into Account Past And Present Welfare Ideologies

1405 words - 6 pages

In 2004, the New Labour government published a report called Building on New Deal: local solutions meeting individual needs. The report delivers a detailed exploration of the progress that New Labour party has made with the New Deal, it explores how it has made New Deal accessible to different groups and what challenges it has faced and changes it has made. New Labour believes that for those people that can work, employment is the route out of poverty. 'Employment offers opportunities and the chance for a person to fulfill there potential' . In this essay I shall start by exploring why New Deal policy typifies New Labour welfare ideologies. I will then explore elements of the New Labour welfare ideology, and the New Deal to see if they echo early welfare provisions. I shall finish by concluding with a statement on New Labour's approach to tackle poverty and unemployment.The New Deal is an essential part of the reformation of the welfare state. Labour has argued the reformation was essential as the old social security system was doing nothing to tackle poverty. The Labour party believes that if they tackle unemployment then they are tackling poverty. 'New Deal is a Government programme that aims to give unemployed people the help and support they need to get into work' . Poverty affects many people in the U.K i.e. disabled, ethnic minorities, OAP's and single parents. The New Labour government the New Deal is an example of 'Social Justice' In the report it states 'Employment opportunity for all is a precondition of a fair society; social justice and full employment go hand in hand' . The New Deal is in pursuit of greater equality in society and this is typical of New Labour's welfare ideologies.New Labour aim to decrease unemployment over the years. New Labour aims to tackle welfare dependence as this is seen as a route into poverty. Tony Blair states 'the welfare state must offer a hand up rather than a hand out' 4 and that it should not be transformed. The principle of this is that people should not be dependant on the welfare state and should use it to gain an advantage to succeed in life.There are elements of New Labour welfare ideology that could be found in earlier welfare ideologies. The 1601 Elizabethan Poor Law can be called the roots of modern social policy, 'It was a centralized system through the parishes intended to help the settled poor, who found them selves out of work i.e. through illness. It was assumed that these people would accept whatever work or relief the parish offered, whether that was indoor or outdoor relief ' 5. At the time the state made a separation between 'settled' and 'wandering poor'. Houses of correction were set up to give the 'wandering poor' employment. Unemployed people were categorized into the following, deserving - unable body who can't work i.e. age, disability and undeserving - an able body that's lazy and can't be bothered to work. However the Victorian Poor Law 1834 was used to nationalize poor...

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