A Baseline Definition Of Culture Essay

523 words - 3 pages

People learn culture. That, we suggest, is culture's essential feature. Many qualities of human life are transmitted genetically -- an infant's desire for food, for example, is triggered by physiological characteristics determined within the human genetic code. An adult's specific desire for milk and cereal in the morning, on the other hand, cannot be explained genetically; rather, it is a learned (cultural) response to morning hunger. Culture, as a body of learned behaviors common to a given human society, acts rather like a template (ie. it has predictable form and content), shaping behavior and consciousness within a human society from generation to generation. So culture resides in all learned behavior and in some shaping template or consciousness ...view middle of the document...

The way culture is taught and reproduced (see reproduction in the glossary) is itself an important component of culture.Because the relationship between what is taught and what is learned is not absolute (some of what is taught is lost, while new discoveries are constantly being made), culture exists in a constant state of change.Meaning systems consist of negotiated agreements -- members of a human society must agree to relationships between a word, behavior, or other symbol and its corresponding significance or meaning. To the extent that culture consists of systems of meaning, it also consists of negotiated agreements and processes of negotiation.Because meaning systems involve relationships which are not essential and universal (the word "door" has no essential connection to the physical object -- we simply agree that it shall have that meaning when we speak or write in English), different human societies will inevitably agree upon different relationships and meanings; this a relativistic way of describing culture.If you have read through other discussions/definitions of culture on these pages, you probably already have the sense that there is much disagreement about the word and concept "culture" and you probably already realize that any definition, this one included, is part of an ongoing conversation (and negotiation) about what we should take "culture" to mean. For a very brief history of this debate, see the glossary entry for "culture"; for interpretive discussions and explorations of culture, visit the "Exploring Culture" section of these pages.

Find Another Essay On A Baseline Definition of Culture

Shakespeares Definition Of A Ghost Essay

1082 words - 4 pages Shakespeare's Definition of a Ghost      The American Heritage Dictionary, published in 1973, defines a ghost as, "the spirit or shade of a dead person, supposed to haunt living persons or former habitats." Unfortunately, this simple definition does not explain where a ghost comes from or why it haunts. When used in the context of Shakespeare's Hamlet, this definition seems to suggest that the ghost who

Shakespeare's Definition Of A Ghost Essay

1165 words - 5 pages Shakespeare's Definition of a GhostThe American Heritage Dictionary, published in 1973, defines a ghost as, 'the spirit or shade of a dead person, supposed to haunt living persons or former habitats.' Unfortunately, this simple definition does not explain where a ghost comes from or why it haunts. When used in the context of Shakespeare's Hamlet, this definition seems to suggest that the ghost who visits Hamlet truly is his dead father seeking

Home Schooling; a True Definition of Education?

1149 words - 5 pages this means that every home school student is socially well-adjusted or that home schooling is the only way for parents to raise a child successfully. However, These studies do suggest that a home schooling offers more than just educational benefits.The assumption that Home School parents are not expert enough to teach is based on faulty definition of education. Outcome based on education recognized that students need to develop and learn at their

Will & Grace: A New Definition of Conventional

2775 words - 11 pages Will & Grace: A New definition of Conventional Where are you on Thursday night? The likely answer is sitting in front of your television screen watching your favorite sitcom. If that is correct, then you are like the millions of other Americans that devote much of their time tuning into the craze of the situation comedy. The situation comedy has been apart of American culture for decades. Having its roots in radio, the situation comedy is

Give a reasoned definition of "globalization."

1475 words - 6 pages " is as complex and ambiguous as the process of globalization itself. This is also the reason why "sustainable explanations, precise evaluations and effective policies" for globalization are so difficult to find. But nevertheless, "the impossibility of a definitive definition does not reduce the need for rigorous conceptualization" , hence all the approaches addressed in this dissertation have to be treated as subject to alternation and

What is the definition of a friend?

606 words - 2 pages . If he makes a mistake and harms you can forgive him.Russell: So a friend is someone who can help you in times of need, not for any gain, not out of any obligation nor with the intention of harming you. He must also not lead you astray or forcefully make you do something against your will. A friend must also have true friendship with you and be your friend because of friendship. If he makes a mistake and harms you can forgive him?Marcus: Yes that is right.Russell: I think that is a very good definition and I cannot find an exception. So we shall end this discussion.

Indian Culture: A Blend of Various Culture

2265 words - 9 pages As a humble student when I sit down to think and write about Indian culture my mind goes back to 3000 or 2500 B.C. As I make a study of history and read some of the scriptures a question confronts me. How did the oldest Indian culture survive so long when so many great ancient cultures of Greece and Rome became museum pieces? What was the vitality of Indian culture that continued through the ages despite so many historical vicissitudes?To start

Who is a Child? The Definition of a Child

2399 words - 10 pages This research paper looks at the definition of a child as expressed in four fields: international law, international child convention, Sharia and Islamic law, and Arab countries. A child is considered any person below the age of 18 years of age. However, each of the four fields has its own modifications of the definition. For instance, the international law and international child conventional loosely consider the age of 18 years as the upper

What Role Does Culture Play in the Definition of Mental Illness?

2293 words - 9 pages disorder and its outer manifestations. More important is an understanding that emotional expression - namely that of disorders such as depression, hysteria and schizophrenia - is both a natural and socially constructed part of social interaction (Ingham, 1996: 116). While a particular expressed emotion may exist cross-culturally, its definition and conception varies according to the culture in which it exists. The importance of culture also rings

Definition of Beautiful in Beauty of a Man by Sappho

766 words - 4 pages ‘beautiful’ in nature, it is usually based distinctly on the looks or sound that nature has to offer. In Sappho’s poem “Beauty in a Man,” she plays with the definition of beautiful and makes the reader realize that there may be many other meanings of the word. When Sappho says, “A man” (line 1), she is referring to no more than one man since it is not in the plural form. Sappho then goes on to say, “who is beautiful” (line 1). Readers may struggle

Definition of Sustainability and a Good Structure of It

3224 words - 13 pages Today, by no means it is certain our society has the capacity to ensure that the nine billion people expected population on earth by 2050 would all be able to achieve a basic quality of life. The earth’s ecosystem is deteriorating and the climate is changing. We are consuming so much, and so quickly, that we are already living far beyond the earth's capacity to support us. And yet, nearly a sixth of our fellow humans go to bed hungry each day

Similar Essays

The Definition Of Organizational Culture Essay

1044 words - 4 pages creates the culture or the personality of the business. The definition of organizational culture is ‘The shared values, principles, traditions, and ways of doing things that influence the way organizational members act’ (Robbins, Decenzo, & Coulter, 2013, p. 39). Structures can be some form of either a Mechanistic or an Organic formation. Mechanistic structures are a top down organization, which is more formal, using the traditional chain of

Definition Of A Profession Essay

646 words - 3 pages Definition of a Profession What is a profession? In simplest terms the word profession means: "a vocation requiring extensive education in science or the liberal arts and often specialized training" (Costella, R. (Ed.), et al. (1995) Random House Webster's College Dictionary. New York: Random House). Joseph T. Catalano (2000) defined a profession as, "A type of occupation that meets certain criteria...that raise it to a level above that

A Definition Of Genius Essay

1938 words - 8 pages Subjective EnvyMost of us, at one time or another, have called someone a 'genius.' The connotation is usually quite positive. It brings to mind images of Plato, Maria Curie, and Blaise Pascal. All of these people seemed to possess genius according to the dictionary definition: someone with extraordinary intellectual ability, originality and creative power, someone excelling in a strong natural talent (Dictionary.com, pars. 1). However, the

Definition Of A Stock Essay

1145 words - 5 pages Definition of stock. A stock (also referred to as share or equity) is a security issued by a company that represents a stake of the ownership rights in the assets of the company and a share of its profits after payments of corporate liabilities and obligations. Stocks are sold and bought on an exchange. Corporations issue stock in order to raise capital to finance their operations. A stockholder is an owner of a company. A stockholder is an