A Basic Overveiw Of What Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (Adhd)Is And Its Effects

857 words - 4 pages

PsychopathologyAttention-Deficit/ Hyperactivity DisorderADHD, Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder is a disorder in which there are persistent patterns of inattention and/ or impulsivity. The disorder can span across social, academic or occupational functioning. The diagnosis and treatment for adults and children must be comprehensive, so Doctor's can determine other disorders that may be similar or associated with ADHD.Although the exact causes of ADHD remain unknown, current research suggests that heredity and neurological based condition could be the causes of the disorder. Furthermore, more boys are affected than girls (DSM IV, 1994).Some potential risk factors include genetic and ...view middle of the document...

All these factors can contribute to normal developmental deviation, which can have overall impact on the child.The adolescent is affected in all levels of development as the longitudinal study of Fischer, Barkley, Fletcher and Smallish results had shown. ADHD children are at greater risk than normal children for social academic and familial impairment. These risk factors predicted later developmental paths and outcomes. Children were shown to have developed internal and external negative behaviors. One study by Kreuger and Kendall (2001) found that adolescents with ADHD defined themselves according to the disorder. It was not a separate entity. They did not understand that their disorder was a disability. The negative affects the adolescent may feel could be a reflection of society. Families have been shown to reflect these negative reactions as well. This leaves the adolescent vulnerable to a low self-esteem as well as other negative outcomes. Having been surrounded with negative interactions adolescents are not able to experience and develop a healthy self-development.Children and adults with ADHD have a multitude of challenges, fromlow self-esteem and self-confidence, peer rejection, social isolation, depression, learning disabilities to substance abuse (Hulsmeier, Martin, Place, Wilson, 1999-2000). If a child is not diagnosed and intervention not implemented the problems associated with the disorder can severely impact normal development.There are serious problems associated with ADHD in children and adults. It is...

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