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A Biography Of 10 Famous Psychological, Anthropological, And Sociological, Practioners.

2206 words - 9 pages

ANTHROPOLOGY:School of Thought - FunctionalismFamous Practitioner - Margaret MeadMargaret Mead was born in Philadelphia on December 16, 1901. She did her first field work study in 1925 on adolescent girls. Then in 1929, she went to New Guinea where she studied the play and imaginations of younger children, and how they were shaped by adult society. Margaret Mead died in 1978, by this time she was one of the most famous Anthropologists ever. Her major accomplishments include twenty eight honorary PhD's, the Presidential Medal of Freedom, she was also the president of many major scientific associations, including the American Anthropological Association and the American Association for the Advancement of Science. Margaret Mead was probably most famous for the controversy surrounding her work, in 1983, Derek Freeman published "Margaret Mead and Samoa: The Making and Unmaking of an Anthropological". In this book, Derek Freeman challenged all of Mead's major findings. His information was based on four years of field experience in Samoa and interviews with the people who Mead studied.I feel that Margaret Mead was a woman who made great contributions to the world of Anthropology; she has many great accomplishments which are a tribute to her fine work. She has greatly influenced how we think about behavior, especially with young children.School of Thought - StructuralismFamous Practitioner - Claude Levi-StraussClaude Levi-Strauss was a popular French Canadian Anthropologist; he was born on November 28, 1908 in Belgium as the son of an artist, and a member of an intellectual French Jewish family. He became educated at the University of Paris and eventually went on to teach anthropology at the University of Sao Paulo in Brazil. Claude Levi-Strauss is best known for his development of structural anthropology which derived from a school of linguistics, whose focus was not on the meaning of the word, but the patterns that the words formed. He studied the rules formed within different cultures, based on binary opposites.Claude Levi-Strauss had many interesting aspects to his personality, he did many things in his life which includes studying Law, and Philosophy, both of which did not interest him. He also did considerable reading among famous literary works, and was interested in classical and contemporary music. I feel that this is an example of how hard work and dedication can pay off, he has set an example that teaches everyone to do what they enjoy, and try to make a career out of it. His great achievement and impact in the structural world of anthropology may never be duplicated.School of Thought - Cultural MaterialismFamous Practitioner - Marvin HarrisDr. Marvin Harris was born on August 18, 1927 in Brooklyn, New York. After the completion of University, he spent a few years teaching in the Anthropology Department at Columbia University where he was the Department Chair. In 1981, he accepted an offer to become the Graduate Research Professor of...

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