A Biography Of John Dunstable Essay

1515 words - 6 pages

John Dunstable, (or better known as John Dunstaple), was an English composer estimated to have been born in 1390. His birth date is a conjecture based on his earliest surviving works, which date from around 1410-1420 (Bonds 2006, 112). Based on these works, musicologists are able to make a very educated guess as to his birth date being sometime in 1390. He was born in Dunstable, Bedfordshire during the Late Middle Ages- Early Renaissance era.John Dunstable died on December 24 (Christmas Eve), 1453. This is known due to the fact that it was recorded in his epitaph, which was in the church of St. Stephen Walbrook in London, until it was destroyed in the Great Fire of 1666. As recorded in the early 17th century, his epitaph was recorded to have stated that he had "secret knowledge of the stars". The church of St. Stephen Walbrook was also his burial place (Burkholder 1996, 134).The spelling Dunstaple is generally preferred over Dunstable due to the fact that it occurs twice as much in musical attributions of his than that of Dunstable. The few English musical sources are equally divided between "b" and "p"; however, the contemporary non-musical sources, including those with a claim to a direct association to Dunstable, always spelled his name with a "p".Dunstable was believed to be a highly educated, married man, however, nothing is known about his music background/training or early childhood. However, Dunstable was also accredited as an astronomer and mathematician as well as a composer of polyphonic music. In fact, some of his astrological works have even survived in manuscript, possibly in his own hand.Dunstable was known to have been widely connected to that of the royal service, having been in the service of John, Duke of Bedford, the fourth son of Henry IV, and brother of Henry V. More notably, he was known to be in service of Humphrey, Duke of Gloucester, the fifth son of Henry IV, and dowager Queen Joan. (He was recorded to have served her from 1427-1437 (Sadie 2001, 713).Another important aspect of Dunstable's life is that although there are a few ties to St. Albans Abbey, Dunstable was believed to have not been a member of the clergy. This was particularly unusual for composers of his time.According to the tax records of 1436, He owned property in Normandy, as well as in Cambridgeshire, Essex, and London (Sadie 2001, 713).Dunstable was one of the most famous composers of polyphonic music in the early 15th century and was widely influential, not only in England but on the continent, especially in the developing style of the Burgundian School. He had huge influence on the continent's musical vocabulary. He was highly recognized for creating something never heard before in music of the Burgundian School: la contenance angloise ("the English countenance,")- a term coined by French writer Martin Le Franc in a poem called Les champions des dames- which undoubtedly referred to Dunstable's stylistic trait of triadic harmony and liking for the...

Find Another Essay On A Biography of John Dunstable

Biography of John Knowles Essay

1927 words - 8 pages John Knowles was born on 1962 in Fairmont, West Virginia and passed away on November 29, 2001. He was 15 years old when he became a student at Phillips Exeter Academy, a boarding school. After he graduated from there is 1945, he decided to join the war effort as part of the U.S. Army Air Force’s Aviation Cadet Program. John went to Europe and worked as a journalist until the mid 1950’s and then returned to the U.S in 1957. After returning, he

Biography of John Donne Essay

3690 words - 15 pages Biography of John Donne John Donne was an English poet and probably the greatest metaphysical poets of all time. He was born in 1572 to a Roman Catholic family in London. His father died when John was young leaving his mother Elisabeth to raise him and his siblings. Throughout Donne’s life his experiences with religion were full of trials and tribulations, something that can be clearly seen in his poetry over time. He remained Catholic early

Biography of John Adams

946 words - 4 pages Harvard College at age sixteen. Not wanting to become a minister he graduated in 1755 with an A.B. John became a school teacher in Worchester Massachusetts to earn money and allow him to study law. To his father’s dismay that he was not pursuing a career as a minister John became a Unitarian, the belief that God is one person, with the absence of the trinity as God is three people in one. From 1756 to 1758 he began his studying with lawyer James

Biography of John Hancock

1582 words - 7 pages Hingham, Massachusetts. His mother was married once before she married Johns farther. Her marriage ended in her former husband’s death. John Hancock Sr was a “faithful Shepard.” He always kept an alert watch over the ethics and religious well-being of all members of the neighborhood. Ever since John’s (Jr.) birth, he was perceived to go to Harvard. When he was six, his parents sent him to a local dame school. Later he was sent to another institute

Biography of John Locke

1110 words - 4 pages John Locke was a British born philosopher, physician, and writer that played a significant role in the framework of The United States. He was born in Wrington, England on August 29th, 1632. A father, also named John, who was a country lawyer, and his mother Anges Keene, raised Locke. Both his parents were Puritans, which influenced his later work immensely ("John Locke"). Locke’s parents sent him to the famous Westminister School in London where

Biography of John Milton

1351 words - 5 pages John Milton was the second oldest child born to the union of senior John Milton and Sara Jeffrey. He was born December 9, 1608 in London. Milton lived with his family in a home located very near to St. Paul’s Cathedral. John Milton Sr. was able to afford a private tutor for John because he acquired some wealth through his work as a legal secretary. Milton’s father prepared and notarized legal documents, was a loan officer, and served as a real

Biography of John Steinbeck

593 words - 2 pages bond between two migrant laborers. His crowning achievement, The Grapes of Wrath, won Steinbeck a Pulitzer Prize, a National Book Award. It was also adapted into a classic film directed by John Ford that was name one of the American Film Institute's one hundred greatest films. The novel describes the migration of a dispossessed family from the Oklahoma Dust Bowl to California and critiques their subsequent exploitation by a ruthless system of

Biography of John F.Kennedy

1864 words - 7 pages won three terms in the House of Representatives. In 1952, Kennedy decided to run against Republican Senator Henry Cabot Lodge, Jr. and began campaigning two years prior to the election. Kennedy won the election by 70,000 votes.In 1953, Kennedy married Jacqueline Lee Bouvier. The Kennedy's had four children, a stillborn in 1956, Caroline in 1957, John in 1960, and Patrick Bouvier (died 48 hrs after his birth) in 1963. In 1956, Kennedy hoped to

A Brief Biography of Pope John Paul II

2160 words - 9 pages Justin Liberatore May 27, 2014 Mr. E John Paul II On May 18, 1920, in a small Polish town just outside of Wadowice, a child was born to Karol Wojtyla (1879-1941, and Emilia Kaczorosks (1884-1929). His name was Karol Jozef Wojtyla. Little did his parents know that one day their child was destined not only to become a priest and a bishop, but the 264th pope of the Roman Catholic Church, and only the second non-Italian pope. Emilia, a

Biography of John Wayne Gacy

2027 words - 8 pages Biography of John Wayne Gacy One of the most horrendous serial killers in modern history would have to be John Wayne Gacy, Jr. He was the second of three children and born in 1942. He lived in Chicago and attended catholic schools, and wasn't a very popular boy in school. Gacy seemed to live a very normal childhood, with exception to his relationship with his father, and series of accidents that effected him. No one could have known what the

Biography of John B. Watson

888 words - 4 pages and poverty of rural South Carolina. John's mother, Emma, a religious individual constantly wanted the best for her family. However, John's father Pickens, with whom he was closer, did not follow the same rules of living as his mother. Pickens was an alcoholic and always drank, he had extra-marital affairs, and abandoned the family in 1891.The absence of his father had a negative effect on John; he rebelled against his mother and teachers and

Similar Essays

A Biography Of John Locke Essay

636 words - 3 pages John Locke was an English philosopher and the founder of empiricism. He was born in 1632 at Wrinton in Somerset, and was the son of a Puritan attorney. He was educated at Westminster by Puritans, and studied mathematics and medicine at Christ Church College at Oxford. In 1666 he met Anthony Ashley Cooper, the first earl of Shaftesbury. Later on he became an advisor to the Whig's first earl of Shaftesbury where he lived in 1667. He held several

A Biography Of John Howard Griffin

762 words - 4 pages ohn Howard Griffin who is widely known for Black Like Me, was born on June 16, 1920 in Dallas Texas to John Walter and Lena Griffin. During his youth he was introduced to music, this lead him to love the subject. At fifteen Griffin left the United States for Tours, France to gain a classical education (GRIFFIN, JOHN HOWARD). There he studied French, Literature as well as Medicine. Griffin interned at the Asylum of Tours. There he tested the

Biography Of John Steinbeck Essay

1226 words - 5 pages the Nobel Prize for literature. The president of the United States at that time (Lyndon Johnson) allocated Steinbeck with the Medal in Freedom and to top everything off he was on a U.S. postage stamp. John Steinbeck will always be remembered in American literature history. Works Cited "Biography." IMDb. IMDb.com, n.d. Web. 27 Feb. 2014 JACK, PETER MONRO. "John Steinbeck's New Novel Brims With Anger and Pity."Nytimes.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 26

Biography Of John Marshall Essay

1620 words - 6 pages Biography of John Marshall John Marshall was born on September 24, 1755 in prince William County, Virginia. His father moved the family from there before john was ten to a valley in the Blue Ridge Mountains, about 30 miles away. Unlike most frontier dwellings, the home Thomas Marshall built was of frame construction rather than log and was one and a half story. Both parents, while not formally educated, were considered adequately educated for