This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Bookreport On Fascism In Western Europe: 1900 45, By Kedward, Roderick. Simple And Concise, It Also Briefly Examines The Credibility Of The Author.

1854 words - 7 pages

According to popular belief, fascism was composed of a dominant totalitarian government that possessed total control over the people of its nation. Fascists were "psychopaths or the scum of society" and fascism was "an appeal to man's animal nature" (5). However, fascism was much more complex than what many people believe it to be. Fascism originated as a synthesis of many ideas and a compromise between conflicting sides. For example, fascists were neither socialists nor capitalists, but believed in ideas from both viewpoints. In addition, fascism was a synthesis of rationalism and irrationalism, of the civilized and of the primitive, and of the mass and of the elite. The reason that fascism became so popular in Europe during the turbulent post-world war I era was because it combined these different views. (It seems that at this point Kedward is sympathetic towards fascism, but after the first two chapters end, he clearly disapproves of it for the remainder of the book.)Fascism first emerged in Italy, and was later evident in Germany, Britain, Belgium, and Spain. In 1922, Benito Mussolini usurped the premiership of Italy through the "March of Rome" and formed the first fascist government. Then, in 1933, Adolf Hitler secured his position as Chancellor of the Weimar Republic in Germany and inaugurated his fascist dictatorship. They were both extremely popular leaders who won the support of the lower and middle classes by scaring them with the dangers of socialism and appealing to their sense of nationalism. In addition, they both used violence and deception to maintain their absolute control over all aspects of human life in their country. Other fascist leaders, such as Sir Oswald Mosley, the founder of the British Union of Fascists, Leon Degrelle, the leader of the Belgian Rex, and Jose Antonio, the founder of the Spanish Falange, employed similar tactics, but failed to equal the success of Mussolini and Hitler. The tactics that these fascist leaders employed were obviously unpleasant and atrocious, yet the citizens of these nations seemed to accept their leader as well as his harsh policies. (These chapters elaborate on the details of the history of fascism, including how each of the five fascist leaders came into power and what they did after they came into power. However, since we have already discussed these matters in class, there is no need to repeat the facts again.)Aside from the ruthless policies of fascist leaders, individuals were taught that they were insignificant and that they should sacrifice themselves for the well being of their nation. Interestingly, most of the people accepted this theory willingly. The question to consider, naturally, is why the masses accepted these policies and demands so readily. There are four major approaches that Kedward takes when attempting to solve this question. They deal with the psychological approach, the social approach, the economic approach, and lastly, the cultural approach. According to...

Find Another Essay On A bookreport on Fascism in Western Europe: 1900-45, by Kedward, Roderick. Simple and concise, it also briefly examines the credibility of the author.

The Role of Women in Western Europe and Japan

1157 words - 5 pages what a leader could to advance the general well-being and glory of the city. In Western Europe, women could become a regent and when the current leader is too young; usually the mother took their place as ruler until they were old enough. Women could also rule as solitary rulers in some places of Europe. However, there are similarities regarding the two. Women in Western Europe and Japan could both give political advice however it was limited

Iphigenia, examines the relationship of religion in the classic tradgedy Iphigenia, and also includes modern day examples of religious corruption

708 words - 3 pages enough for the ships yet, but they are starting to pick up a little bit. As Iphigenia slowly walks to be sacrificed, the winds begin to pick up heavily. To the army, who believes in the gods, this means that this sacrifice is already starting to please the gods, so they will not back out of it at this point. Sadly, Iphigenia is killed for nothing. Agamemnon knows that the winds are starting to pick up, and that he really doesn't have to sacrifice

Establishment of Israel This is a five page research paper on the establishment of Israel in the middle east, at the end of this essay is also an opinion written by the author

1468 words - 6 pages . Israel also has been known to go into Palestinian territories and kill Palestinian families, another example of genocide just as the Nazis did to the Jews during WWII.Critics would argue that Israel does belong in the Middle East because the Jews need a safe haven to go to because they were being persecuted throughout Europe and were being exterminated by the Nazis. I agree that the Jews need a place to live in peacefully but the way they did it

The Development of Europe and Western Culture

3660 words - 15 pages The Development of Europe and Western Culture The development of Europe and Western Culture are highlighted by five key dates. The main four key dates and there are as follows: 500 B.C. is known as the Height of Greece. This is the time frame when distinctive European culture had emerged in Greece. It is also known as the Axis Date because the fundamental's of the great world cultures are being defined. During this period of time

Examines sin's effects on various characters in "The Scarlet Letter" and evaluates their responses to it

1220 words - 5 pages said that it meant Able" (Hawthorne 166-167, 169). The change in Hester's reputation among her fellow Puritans suggests that wearing her sin openly provides Hester with the ability to surmount her guilt and move on. Hester's actions suggest that public confrontation of sin is the most successful response to sin.Through the characterization of Arthur Dimmesdale, Hawthorne implies that concealment, unlike truth or public confrontation, is a

The Jungle by Upton Sinclair, and how it captures the zeitgeist of the early 1900's

1789 words - 7 pages because to them everyone in America everyone "as good as any other man". The book describes the 1900's as being a time of false hope and dreams.Not only does Sinclair capture the immigrant wish to achieve the American dream, he captures the struggle they go through to try and achieve it. One of the biggest struggles was the brutal working conditions that the workers were forced to live with. Our current view of the factory conditions of that time

"Othello" by William Shakespear.It is 1,685 words (5pages) and it is for a bookreport. I got an "A" on it

1656 words - 7 pages against him. Due to Iago's villainous plan, Othello's wife, Desdemona, is killed by Othello. Based on evidence Iago gave him, Othello believes she has been unfaithful. Iago also stabbed both his wife, Emilia, and his pawn named Roderigo. The play is an in depth tale of love and deception.Shakespeare has a very unique style, and he is without a doubt one of the most highly esteemed writers of all time. This play is a true tragedy, which Shakespeare

Muslim Technology on the Iberian Peninsula and Western Europe

980 words - 4 pages , it was reputed that a piece of silk could be dropped across the blade and be cut into two pieces. With proper polishing the blades were also exceptionally beautiful and sought out by nobles from all over Europe. Pattern welding is known to have existed in Western Europe before the arrival of the Moors in Iberia. A seventh century, pattern welded, sword was rediscovered at Bamburgh Castle in Northumberland, England. The Bamburgh Sword is a six

The Evolution of Fascism During Post WW1 Europe

2360 words - 9 pages Fascism today is certainly a controversial term, capable of stirring up emotions and starting a heated debate. Possibly because of its controversial nature in many ways it is difficult to define. The term itself is often used to describe someone else's beliefs rather than ones own and is frequently seen as an insult. Fascism in general refers to a number of movements that existed in Europe during the 20's and 30's. However, most of the groups

Learning Style inventory and MBTI and the usefulness of them in a business. It is also based on my concrete experiences, active experience, reflective observations, abstract experiences

1949 words - 8 pages IntroductionLearning will never be a complete and simple set of principles or theories. There are manydifferent ideas, theories, and principles involved with learning. Learning begins from dayone in a child and can last until one dies. The length of learning depends upon theindividual. Learning is more difficult for some than it is for others. Organization,motivation, awareness, attitude, expectations , and knowledge of the subject that one

"Repressing the Awakening" is a psychoanalysis of Kate Chopin's novel The Awakening. It examines decadent, displaced, and transitory sexual repression in the characters. Complete with quotes

1930 words - 8 pages take on the airs of real work by attaching his name to a prosperous business. He states that, "There are so many inquisitive people and institutions abounding that one is forced as a matter of convenience these days to assume the virtue of an occupation if he has it not" (146). The significance of these words rings clear when Arobin states the need to "assume virtue." Despite appearances, these men are not as gentlemanly as they might appear

Similar Essays

A Bookreport About The Book Sotah By Neomi Regen Synopsis, Opinion And A Creative Task. The Book Is Written In English, By An Israeli Author, And The Plot Also Takes Place In Israel

823 words - 3 pages world she presents to me - a world that is so close and yet so far - the haredi world.I'm almost 17 and yet my world is so much different than Dina's. I read her thoughts, her believes, and it's amazing to understand that.That form of life is a form that I've learned not to appreciate, and suddenly, not only it interests me, but also I can relate and understand this young girl.I disliked Naomi Ragen's attempt to combine Dina's sisters' stories in the

John Steinbeck's "The Grapes Of Wrath". It Also Examines Defiance Found In The Film "Cool Hand Luke" And The "Catcher In The Rye" By J.D. Salinger

1958 words - 8 pages faith, defiance was useless. She constantly imparted this faith on others, especially her son, Tom. Ma's defiance did not involve defiance or leading strikes. Ma's defiance was her inner strength; it was her faith.Another piece of fiction, a film entitled Cool Hand Luke, also uses faith to convey defiance. It portrays the story of Luke, a prisoner who was thrown in a prison work camp after cutting the tops off of parking meters. Luke had a visible

This Is A Paraphrase Paper Of A Scene In Daisy Miller By Henry James. The Paper Not Only Paraphrases The Scene, But It Also Delves Deep Into The Thoughts Of The Characters And The Author

1149 words - 5 pages --Fluctuations--Daisy Miller, Henry JamesChapter 3, pg.88-90· Note: I will not make a clearly identifiable distinction between the narrator, Winterbourne or myself, as I believe this haziness to be a fundamental mode of transmission of the message the author wants to portray. The short story 'Daisy Miller' is quite ironically not about Daisy at all. Rather it is a novel about Winterbourne and more broadly about society as a whole. In fact

Rise Of Fascism And Communism In Europe

764 words - 3 pages In the 1930s the rise of fascism and communism in Europe and the expansion of the German and Italian empire and also the expansion of Japanese empire in Asia saw the United States move from a policy of isolationism to supporting traditional allies and defending democracy. The United States became directly involved in World War 2 after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbour.The rise of fascism in Europe began when Germany turned to Adolf Hitler, an