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A Brief Biography Of Martin Luther King

1380 words - 6 pages

A BRIEF BIOGRAPHY OF MARTHIN LUTHER KING JR.Martin Luther King Jr. was born as Michael Luther King Jr. on January 15, 1929 at his home in Atlanta, Georgia to proud parents Reverend and Mrs. Martin Luther King, King was originally named 'Michael" after his father, who changed King's name to Martin when he was 6. He was the second of three childrenAt the young age of 15, King graduated from Booker T. Washington High School and was admitted to Morehouse College.King decided to follow his father and become a minister and was Ordained to the Baptist ministry, February 25, 1948, at the age 19. While attending the Crozer Theological seminary in Pennsylvania he became familiar with the teachings of Mahatma Gandhi.In 1951 King entered Boston University for graduate studies where he met his wife-to-be Coretta Scott. King and Scott were married in 1953 and lived in Alabama.On June 5, 1955, King received a Doctorate of Philosophy in Systematic Theology from Boson University. He joined a bus boycott and on December 5 (1955) was elected president of the Montgomery Improvement Association, making him the official spokesman for the boycott.On November 13, 1956 the Supreme Court ruled that bus segregation was illegal, ensuring victory for the boycott.In 1957, King formed the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to fight segregation and achieve civil rights. On May 17, King spoke to a crowd of 15,000 in Washington, D.C.In 1958, King's first book, Stride toward Freedom, was published. Whilst speaking on a tour, King was nearly killed when stabbed by a lady in Harlem. He met with President Eisenhower and other important Americans about the problems affecting black Americans.In 1959, King visited India to study Gandhi's philosophy of non-violence and resigned from pastoring at the Dexter Avenue Baptist Church to concentrate on civil rights full time. He moved to Atlanta to direct the activities of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.In 1960, King became co-pastor with his father at the Ebenezer Baptist Church in Atlanta, Georgia. In Atlanta, King was arrested during a sit-in waiting to be served at a restaurant. He was sentenced to four months in jail, but after intervention by John and Robert Kennedy he was released.In November 1961, due to the efforts of Martin Luther King, Jr. the Interstate Commerce Commission banned segregation in interstate travel.On Good Friday, April 12, 1963, King was arrested along with a fellow protestor by Police Commissioner Eugene "Bull" Connor for demonstrating without a permit. On April 13, the Birmingham campaign was launched. It proved to be the turning point in the war to end desegregation in the South. During the eleven days he spent in jail, King wrote his famous Letter from Birmingham Jail. On May 10, the Birmingham agreement was announced. Stores, restaurants, and schools were desegregated, hiring of blacks was implemented, and charges were dropped. On June 23, King led 125,000 people on a Freedom Walk in Detroit....

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