There have been many inventions that have served Americans, but very few have had an overall impact on the course of humanity as the cell phone. The history of cell phones has been compared to our discovery of fire and the invention of the wheel. This is partly due to its adaptability to many aspects of human life, as well as its mobility to influence and reach geographical areas that extend to global ones. Around the world, cell phones are used in schools, corporate conglomerates, even religious institutes. Although use of them in cars has been banned in many American states, they continue to govern the way we live our lives. From its advent, the cell phone has changed the way humans not only communicate, but how information is processed and stored in relation to most fields of life including social, academic, business, and cultural practices.
In the year 1973, the first successful demonstration of mobile phone communication was done by Dr. Martin Cooper and John Mitchell of the Motorola Company. The handset used was bulky and it weighed about one kilogram. This was still in the research stages. In 1983, the first commercially available cell phone handset was launched and it was called the DynaTAC8000x. From then on, there was a gradual growth in the development of the handsets, as well as the infrastructure used in mobile telephony. The adoption of the cell phone technology by the masses has also led to an increase in research and its expansion by the manufacturers.
There are many technological applications that have been tried and tested for cell phone usage. The most widely used is known as the Global System for Mobiles (GSM) network. This is a network that allows mobile phones, that have been made by different companies, to seamlessly work with each others handset and networks. This use of the GSM network is also upgradable and with time it has risen through four generations of development and it is still on-going. This dynamism makes it one of the best avenues for it to work through the cell phone technology. Today there are over seventy USA GSM networks that include AT & T Mobility and Suncom Wireless Holdings, Inc.
There is now also over fifty-five Code Division Multiple Access (CDMA) networks and providers such as Verizon Wireless and Bluegrass Wireless. “In 1995 and 1996, CDMA was the newest, hottest, fastest technology. It offered more capacity, better call quality, and more potential than the GSM of the day. GSM caught up, but by then those carriers' paths were set” (Segan). They were in place and in production; societal presentation was met with high demand.
Today, as with any advent of technological improvements or leisurely items, the original cost is usually out of reach for most people; however, once they take off, the price always comes down. The original cell phone was heavy, cumbersome, difficult to hold onto for long, lost battery after about a half hour, power, was compared to a “brick” in weight, and came into the...