A Brief History Of The Jesuit Reduction

1199 words - 5 pages

A Reduction is a mission town set up by Jesuit missionaries. The Jesuit Reduction started in the 16th century and was an idea of making missions for the native people of Central and South America to reduce the spread of the native population. This Reduction was started by the Spanish government the help Christianize, tax, and govern them also this made it easier for Spain to use the natives they captured as slaves to the crown. The Spanish government at this time was one of the global superpowers they had a lot of control until their lands got too cumbersome to handle. The area that was most influenced by these Reductions was modern day Paraguay in the tribe of the Tupi-Guarani (as seen in the movie “The Mission”) and later spread further south to places like Argentina, Brazil, and Bolivia. The Reductions in South America were different from those elsewhere because while the native tribes were expected to convert to Christianity they were not required to adopt European customs and lifestyles. The Reductions ended up having a high degree of autonomy and became very economically successful. Reductions were subject to raids from slave traders and the Spanish helped form an Indian militia to protect the Reductions. The high autonomy level, economic success, and the danger from slave traders led to the expulsion of the Jesuits from Central and South America in 1767.
The Jesuit Reductions started in the early 17th century when priest set out to evangelize the native tribes of Central and South America. Although these practices started in the South Americas they also went north, in Mexico the policy was called congregación, and also took the form of the hospitals of Vasco de Quiroga, and the Franciscan Missions of California, and in Portuguese Brazil they were known as aldeias, these all started off from the idea of a Reduction. The Jesuits founded in 1540 were late arrivals to the newly discovered lands in the Americas when they arrived in about 1570, especially compared to the Dominicans and Franciscans, and therefore had to look to the frontiers of colonization for mission areas. This late coming had problems associated with it like lands already being claimed, therefore ineffective in the quest to evangelize the Americas.
The Reduction began when Bishop Lizarraga asked for missionaries to go and evangelize Paraguay. Later in 1609 the Jesuits received government consent to go and evangelize South America, acting under instructions from Phillip III, the Spanish governor of Asunción made a deal to set up in specific locations as allowed by the government. The Jesuits agreed to set up small villages and missions at strategic points along the Paraná river that were populated with natives and maintained a separation from Spanish towns. Missions were booming in the area, within 25 years the Jesuits had made 15 missions. Because these missions spread into Portuguese land they were subjected to frequent destructive raids by Bandeirantes of São Paulo to...

Find Another Essay On A Brief History of the Jesuit Reduction

'A Brief History Of Time' Essay

1923 words - 8 pages A brief history of time by Stephen Hawking is a novel about the known range of time from the big bang up to black holes. Hawking talks about different theories and how they have changed over time from Copernicus to himself. He combines all known physics and astrophysics and displays them quickly and simply. He states that the goal of science is to able to accurately describe the universe in one theory. As he tells about theories that have

A Brief History of Aesthetics Essay

1542 words - 6 pages A Brief History of Aesthetics Aesthetics is the theoretical study of the arts and related types of behavior and experience. It is traditionally regarded as a branch of philosophy, concerned with the understanding of beauty and its manifestations in art and nature. However, in the latter 20th century there developed a tendency to treat it as an independent science, concerned with investigating the phenomena of art and its place in human life

A Brief History of China

2253 words - 9 pages , behaving or working that exists in a place or organization (Dictionary). In this paper, we will not be discussing about a place or organization, but instead of a country rich in culture. My discussion will be about the country of China’s history, economy, weather, terrain and people. A BRIEF HISTORY OF CHINA The Dynasties of the Regions. China has been composed of many dynasties throughout its time. In-between these dynasty periods were Kingdoms

A Brief History of Cryptography

2335 words - 9 pages Computer science is a vast field that includes nearly everything relating to computers. Everyday there is information transmitted all over the Internet. Pictures are uploaded, transactions are made on thousands of online retail websites, and banking transactions take place everyday on the Internet. All of these transactions have created a need for secure communications. People wish to keep things like banking, medical, and political information

A brief history of drama

699 words - 3 pages A Brief History of DramaThe time period from about 1650 to 1920 was ever changing in the world of drama. Neo-classicism sprung up from Greek and Roman models in Europe during the Enlightenment, Romanticism struck the Globe in the 1800's based on principles like emotion, intuition and seeking God. During and after the 1800's naturalism and realism began to play major roles in the area of drama. Naturalists such as August Strindberg and realists

A Brief History of Prosthetics

1355 words - 5 pages wounded in battle and their injuries have all types of scenarios. Some soldiers may have gotten their leg blown up in action and others may have gotten an infection and needed an amputation. As a prosthetist it must be very humbling working with the great warriors that serve and protect us just another perk of working as a prosthetist. Works Cited Norton, Kim M. "A Brief History of Prosthetics." InMotion:. N.p., Nov.-Dec. 2007. Web. 29 Nov

A Brief History of Whaling

2341 words - 9 pages important aspect of 19th century culture and although far less popular, still exists today. Throughout this essay I will give a brief history of whaling, discuss why it was such an important industry in the 19th century, talk about whaling in modern times, and lastly, tie it in to the novel. Although not popularized until around the 19th century, whaling as a source of food and materials is believed to go back to prehistoric times. Experts believe

A Brief History of Switzerland

2229 words - 9 pages Swiss Franc, the official title for Switzerland’s currency, has a long history. Before 1798, around 75 bodies of government were making and distributing different coins to their citizens in Switzerland, resulting in more than 800 different coins being in circulation in the country, creating an unstable, uncertain, and unbalanced economy. But in 1798, the Helvetic Republic proposed a new measure of currency based on the Berne thaler, which was the

A Brief History of France

2470 words - 10 pages France is a country located in Western Europe. It borders Andorra, Germany, Luxembourg, Monaco, Spain, Belgium, Switzerland and Italy. The country of France originally known by the name of Gaul or Gallia is a country with a rich history and culture. The Celts originally occupied and dominated that lands of Gaul. In the year of 121, Julius Caesar led the Roman Army into the country of Gaul. He won a decisive victory over the Celtic tribes that

A Brief History of Rugby

1696 words - 7 pages With each passing civilization and the era it’s [its] people lived in, one can find a great deal about the times by examining an area that is not often thought of. That area is in regards to sports. The ancient Mayans had arenas, the Greeks helped initiate the Olympics, and the Romans had bloody matches between gladiators in the Colosseum. These sports and games often reveal to us what was occurring outside the playing field and arenas, into

A Brief History of Islam

748 words - 3 pages There are three great western religions that through history have globally expanded throughout the world. One of those western religions is Islam. Islam was first introduced and developed on the Arabian Peninsula. Islam, like Judaism and Christianity, is a monotheistic religion. Islam means "submission" to one god. The followers of Islam are known as Muslims. One primary leader of Islam is a man named Muhammad. When an economy began

Similar Essays

A Brief History Of The Frisbee

527 words - 2 pages , the Roman army confronted Hannibal and the force of Carthage hurling razor sharp shields Frisbee fashion towards the opposition and winning the battle (Scotland). Nowadays, this is not a conventional war or Frisbee game method. What we now know as the Frisbee has gone through an extensive history in order to get where it is today.The first modern Frisbees came into this world, not as plastic flying discs, but as pie tins sold through The Frisbie

A Brief History Of The British Empire

1318 words - 6 pages Great Britain, The country who has been in a the center of some history’s biggest moments. A country in which no other dares to challenge , but try to emulate. A country who were first to industrialize and didn't want anybody else to . How did Great Britain become one of the powerful empire in history and what happen to it ? The first event that help Britain build this empire was

A Brief History Of The Periodic Table

836 words - 3 pages chart is often referred to within the classroom; in fact, it is essential to modern day science. Through the work of numerous scientists throughout history this important table exists today.The French geologist A.E. Béguyer de Chancourtois is credited with creating the first ordering of the elements demonstrating their periodicity, published in 1862. De Chancourtois made a list of all the elements in order of increasing atomic mass and

A Brief History Of The Cellar Phone

2584 words - 11 pages There have been many inventions that have served Americans, but very few have had an overall impact on the course of humanity as the cell phone. The history of cell phones has been compared to our discovery of fire and the invention of the wheel. This is partly due to its adaptability to many aspects of human life, as well as its mobility to influence and reach geographical areas that extend to global ones. Around the world, cell phones are used