A Comparison of Chinese and Latino Cultures
The way in which cultural societies perceive their elders vary in range. These perceptions influence behavior toward the elderly, as well as develop cultural guidelines. These cultural guidelines aid in developing ideas, customs, traditions and values; resulting in a representation of one’s culture. How cultures view their elderly directly reflects how cultures care for the elderly as well. Del-Pino-Casado, Frias-Osuna, and Palomino-Moral (2011) suggest that care of the elderly, especially long term care is informal, and typically instituted by family. Although similar, a comparison will be made between Chinese and Latino culture to differentiate and identify the cultural perception involved in the care of the elderly. Del-Pino-Casado et al. (2011) mentioned that various motives are involved with cultural care giving, which will also be examined within this paper.
In 2011, Del-Pino-Casado et al. introduced motives that are involved in cultural care giving. They are classified into the following categories: familism, obligation, reciprocity, and burden. Although the aforementioned are categories of cultural care giving, which is care motivated by customs and values of a culture, they can also exist as a perception of the elderly.
Familism is defined as “a cultural value that refers to strong identification and solidarity of individuals with their family as well as strong normative feeling of allegiance, dedication, reciprocity, and attachment to the their family members, both nuclear and extended” (Del-Pino-Casado et al., 2011, p. 283). Familism focuses on the needs of the family as a whole, thus individualism is absent or frowned upon.
Obligation refers to a commitment or a sense of duty. In this case, obligation has a cultural definition, where there is a sense of moral responsibility for elders. Within a family,
obligation is generally filial, which entails that duty is due from a son or daughter (Del-Pino-Casado et al., 2011).
Reciprocity by definition refers to a reciprocal exchange of action, influence and benefit. In cultural care giving, reciprocity exists as a mutual exchange of care giving, where once the parents cared for the children, and now the children exchange the...