A Case Study: The General Election Of 1951

3323 words - 13 pages

A CASE STUDYTHE GENERAL ELECTION OF 1951THE SUTTON CONSTITUENCY OF PLYMOUTH'Victory but not triumph for the Conservatives, defeat but no rout for the Socialists'THE NATIONAL PICTUREBy 1951, Clement Attlee's Labour Government was on its knees. Most of the promises set out by the Labour party in its 1945 manifesto had been put into practice, leaving the party directionless. The general election of 1950 had slashed Attlee's majority to just six seats. Attlee's cabinet was straining after long years in office with many key ministers ill, dying or resigning. The Governments foreign and domestic policies seemed to be faltering, as crises arose in Iran, Egypt, Sudan and Europe, Morrison (Foreign Secretary) looked unable to cope. In June 1950, communist North Korea invaded South Korea sparking the first major conflict of the cold war. The cost of the war had disastrous effects on Britain's economy and on Attlee's Government. Hugh Gaitskell, the Chancellor, was forced, to implement some healthcare charges which prompted the resignation of left-winger Nye Bevan culminating in a Labour party split. With the Government looking increasingly unstable, Attlee had little choice but to dissolve Parliament in September and call an election for 25 October 1951. The Conservative party took this opportunity to "set the people free", it promised to ease the housing shortage by building up to 300,000 new homes a year and pledged to tackle Labour's failure to deal with rising prices.THE SUTTON CONSTITUENCY1918 saw the birth of the Sutton Constituency, its name derived from a parliamentary division following the amalgamation of three Plymouth towns. Initially Plymouth consisted of three constituencies, Drake, Devonport and Sutton, however the Redistribution of Seat Act 1949, established that an electorate of 131,000 did not warrant three MP's, consequently, during the 1950 election Drake was absorbed into the remaining two, Devonport and Sutton. Thus, Sutton from 1950 incorporated nine wards, with an electorate of 66,711, increasing marginally in 1951 to 66,894. "Astorism" and Conservatism dominated the Sutton constituency, for over thirty-five years up to 1945, first by Lord Astor, followed by his wife Lady Astor from 1919. The election of 1945 was the first time in thirty-five years that an Astor had not stood for the Sutton constituency; however, the seat was won by another female MP, Mrs Lucy Middleton (Labour). The 1950 election saw the Labour party retain its seat but also the re-emergence of an Astor, J. J. Astor (Con), Son of Lord and Lady Astor.Voting trends in Sutton mirrored the Nation and used as a barometer could possibly determine which party would succeed in 1951. Both the 1945, and 1950 elections had been a three cornered race, however, in 1951 the Liberal party declined to race, financially they had been crippled in the last election. National opinion was that the Conservative party would receive the majority of the Liberal votes (Western Independent...

Find Another Essay On A Case Study: The General Election of 1951

What were the decisive factors determining the outcome of the 2001 general election (UK)?

1133 words - 5 pages /support of parties and their leaders was the key factor in determining the outcome of the 2001 general election. This is because of the support from the tabloid newspapers and the fact many people are not politically educated and are therefor easily persuaded to vote for a certain party. People are also more easily persuaded as traditional voting behaviour is weakening and people are not voting with regards to class, age of region as much and are open to suggestions of which party to vote for. The majority of the media supporting Labour had an obvious effect on voting behaviour and was crucial to Labours victory.

Case study of Automobile Industry. Research on General Motors

5656 words - 23 pages nowadays, the high technology creates more and more added values for automobile products.Establishment of General Motors diversity and related corporate initiatives is a key business consideration, as GM leads a corporate-wide cultural revolution. GM Chairman, Jack Smith, is emphasizing four goals--globalization, growth, lean manufacturing, and using common practices wherever possible.Reclaiming a 'Position of Excellence'Customer enthusiasm is

The Life of a General

775 words - 4 pages came time for graduation he was presented with the Pershing Sword, a sword that is only given to the best students in the class. (Vietnam War: General William Westmoreland) After his time in West Point he was put into the war as an artillery officer. But after a few years of being an Artillery officer he was promoted to Lt. Colonel. Which is a huge accomplishment considering that Lt. Colonel is a very high respected rank in the military. After the

Which Election Card Form Should I fill in case of Objection on Inclusion of a Name in the Voter List?

718 words - 3 pages Voter list is the periphery in which whole of the voter force is documented. Each and every legitimate voter should surely be included in this essential exhaustive list because an entry in this roll is the very first step towards a free and fair election. At the same time this electoral roll should be kept away from all the possible errors and hence efforts should be made by the authorities as well as the citizens to keep this essential account

The Process of Election

1232 words - 5 pages Model. The British Model portrays the parliament system (Moten & Islam, 2011). The people have the right to choose their leader by the process named election. There are six steps in the process of conducting a general election or a by-election. They are, the issuance of writ, nomination, election campaign, polling, counting of votes and lastly, the announcement of the results (refer to Appendix 1). The first step in conducting general election

Why Did The Conservatives Lose The 1945 General Election?

561 words - 3 pages With the Second World War coming to and end in Europe, Churchill called a general election. What followed was perhaps on of the greatest swing of public confidence of the 20th century. Labour won overwhelming support while 'Churchill...was both surprised and stunned' by the crushing defeat suffered by the conservatives. How this swing of opinion came about is not only due the failings of the conservative party but also to labours manifesto of

The Election of 2000

1173 words - 5 pages The election of 2000 was the closest and most controversial election in all U.S. history. This event was the fierce competition between George W. Bush and Al Gore to become the first president elected in the 21st century full of irregularities and unfairness that turned into an intense political and legal battle to decide the presidency. This event was not only an election, but a test of american democracy that challenged many people’s

The 2005 General Election Campaign and the Democratic Party

2302 words - 9 pages The 2005 General Election Campaign and the Democratic Party The 2005 general election campaign has been a defective democratic event in many ways. Yet beneath the surface there has echoed a national conversation of passion and seriousness. Thoughtful people have debated for months with families, friends and colleagues - and with themselves

The Election of 2000

2068 words - 9 pages took most of the south and west, while Gore took the northeast and California. Gore, however, in a rare case, did not win his home state of Tennessee which if he had won, would have secured him enough electoral votes to win the entire election. At the end of the voting it showed that the popular vote was nearly tied, Gore beating bush by around 500,000 votes, only a 0.5% lead. Bush had 47.9% of the popular vote and Gore had 48.4%. Ralph

The Election of 1864

1712 words - 7 pages Republicans sought to convince Vice President Hannibal Hamlin to toss his hat into the ring, but he stayed loyal to Lincoln; others pressed for the nomination of General Ulysses S. Grant, but the Union commander was horrified at such a prospect and was adamant that Lincoln’s election was necessary to the Union cause. Secretary of the treasury, Salmon P. Chase of Ohio ran for the Republican nomination as a reformist feeding off the frustration of

The Election of 1896

1007 words - 5 pages that the election greatly illustrated the divisions of the late 19th century, as the distribution of the votes had demonstrated a serious economic, as well as sectional, division between the poorer, more agricultural regions and the heavily industrialized and often more affluent sections of America. As a result of the election, it seemed that both parties assumed a more hardline approach to foreign affairs, and that the Republicans grew ever more

Similar Essays

The Impact Of The 1997 General Election

1158 words - 5 pages the 2001 General election and why? What impact did the result have? In 2001 the Labour party was, again, expected to win. This, of course, was true, with Labour winning 42% of the votes and 62% of the seats in the House of Commons. The Conservatives won less than 25% of the national vote. It was the lowest turnout for a General Election for nearly 100 years, this was mainly due to the fact that labour winning was

General Eletrics Case Study

807 words - 3 pages nominal measurement tactics by classifying those who rate GE a 9 or 10 as promoters, 7 or 8 as passives, and 6 or lower as detractors. To create their "net-promoter" score, General Electric subtracts the detractors from the promoters. Because this scale does not have an absolute zero (it has an arbitrary zero), a ratio level of measurement would not have worked for this study, and therefore, a higher level could not have been used.

Dollar General Case Study

1273 words - 5 pages , Middle and fixed income earners. With under-serviced rural and urban neighbourhoods being the bench mark of their locations. The company's success can only be derived from its current ability to keep costs to a low, employing minimum staff to operate each store as one point. Another would be stock in general; keeping it at a low price enables more of the item to be sold. Finally Dollar Generals policy's on getting a store ready and opened in 8

The Significance Of The New Liberalism In Giving The Liberal Party Its Great General Election

1561 words - 6 pages wining the election. I will be talking about the Conservative Parties' mistakes and whether it played a major role in the Liberals wining the 1906 general election than "New Liberalism" itself. Liberals & the poverty reports Poverty became an important political issue in the early 1900s.A man called Benjamin Seebohm Rowntree and Charles Booth did there own individual study on people in poverty. Mr Rowntree's book