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A Close Analysis On Plato's Republic. Answers To Such Questions As: What Is Socrates' Reply To Thrasymachus's Notion That Injustice Makes One "Stronger And More Effective" Than Justice (34)?

628 words - 3 pages

(1) What is Socrates' reply to Thrasymachus's notion that injustice makes one "stronger and more effective" than justice (34)? Socrates replies to Thrasymachus by giving him an example that shows that injustice leads to conflicts in all groups of people. Whether it is "a state or an army or a band of robbers or thieves - who were acting together for some unjust purpose would be likely to succeed" (35). Hence, no matter the group of people, in order to get a particular task done it's necessary for the group to act justly in order to be more successful. Furthermore, if one person in the group begins to act unjustly, it "will set them at variance and make them enemies to each other as well as to everyone who is just." (35) It is for the benefit of the group and the individual to act in a just manner.(2) Why ...view middle of the document...

He gives an example of two men, one who is just and the other unjust. He tells us to imagine if they were both given full licenses to do whatever they wanted based on desires. (44) He concludes that both the unjust and just man will engage in the same activities. In order to prove this case more, Glaucon starts telling the story of Gyges.(3) What are Socrates' two main criticisms of stories about the gods in Greek literature? (68) The first criticism is that the gods must be portrayed as genuinely good and responsible for only what is good in the world. If not represented in such a way, children will take in this information and believe that it is acceptable behavior since the gods take part in it. "Neither young nor old must listen to such tales, in prose or verse. Such doctrine would be impious, self-contradictory, and disastrous to our commonwealth." (72) The second criticism is that the gods cannot be represented as dishonest and beings who transform and shape themselves into different forms. The gods would never change themselves into any other form because they are perfect in every way. Socrates continues by saying that no one no matter whether he is a god or a man would intentionally make himself worse in any aspect. (71) The other point is that gods have no motive for lying because they are beings of "entire simplicity and truthfulness in word and in deed." (75) This criticism is important because it will influence children as they grow up and might confuse them because if they hear stories of gods pretending to be things they are not or being dishonest, they might mimic or be highly influenced in their adult lives. The basis of these two criticisms is due to Socrates' belief that the soul consumes everything presented to it. Therefore what the soul consumes at an early state will later influence the actions it takes or the activities it engages in.

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