Acts 2:42-47 is a direct model for the Christian Church today. These verses are a clear example of faith in action. The Holy Spirit’s effect on the early church and apostles brought teaching, fellowship, the breaking of bread and prayer into fruition. The real-life love shown shouts to the 21st century church’s need to refocus on these basic tenants. This passage is a summary of the life of the early church. The four contexts in which the modern-church can draw knowledge to incorporate these heart-felt actions are historical context, literary contexts, interpretation and application.
Although technically anonymous, most biblical scholars agree that the book of Acts was written by the physician, Luke. Luke was a traveling companion of the Apostle Paul in Rome for two years. The physician was perhaps a gentile, but at least a Hellenistic Jew. He was a native of Antioch. The book of Acts was originally a sequel to Luke and the book was called Luke-Acts. Both letters address the name Theophilus (Luke 1:1-4, Acts 1:1). Theophilus has been said to be either a gentile in Greece or Asia Minor or a code word for all Christian congregations with significant gentile presence.
The general consensus of the date of the writing of Acts has been closely related to the date of writing for the Gospel of Luke before AD 64. If the book was written before AD 65 it would demand a date before the death of Paul. The death of Paul would have been a significant piece of information for Luke to include in his writing of the letter. However, the information cannot be found in Luke or Acts.
Looking back into history it can be concluded that the occurrences in Acts chapter two took place after the death, burial, resurrection and ascension of Jesus Christ. Jesus’ ministry on earth was completed, but he sent the Holy Spirit to guide the church in its actions. The Holy Spirit was also the Comforter of the believers. In the same year the Holy Spirit was sent to earth in place of Jesus, the Roman Emperor, Nero was rumored to have started the fire which burned most of Rome to the ground. Nero looked for someone to blame and decided to make his scapegoat the Christians. He began to persecute Christians by feeding them to lions in front of thousands of people in Rome’s amphitheater which had apparently not been destroyed by the fire. Persecution was ironically one of the causes of the early church growth in Acts chapter two.
The Christians in Acts 2 totaled to 3,120 people after the sermon given by Peter at Pentecost. The 120 people are from chapter 1 verse 15 and the 3,000 were added after the sermon in chapter 2 verses 14-41. The sermon began after the coming of the Holy Spirit and the apostles had spoken in other languages. Men mocked them saying they were “filled with new wine” (2:13), or drunk. Peter stood and declared they were not drunk and then began to preach. He told them Jesus was God’s Son who was sent to earth to save them and they had crucified him....