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A Closer Look At The Book Of Acts

1577 words - 7 pages

Who is the author?
• It has previously been determined that the Book of Acts was written by Luke.
• Acts is intended to be the second part of a so called two-part book, the first of the two parts being the Gospel of Luke. The book of Acts begins with a summary of Luke.
• Lukan authorship of the Book of Acts explains the connection between it and the Gospel of Luke. It also provides details Luke included about the church in Antioch, the city which he hailed from.
First Source
• The Book of Acts is a sequel to Luke’s Gospel, continuing his story of Jesus, and how he built the church. Luke is credited with the authorship of Acts because he was a Greek and was the only Gentile Christian writer of the New Testament.
• It is know that Luke was a faithful companion and friend of Paul. In later chapters of Acts, the writer uses “we” when talking about more than one person, indicating that he was present with Paul.
• Luke wasn’t named in the Book of Acts as the writer; however he was credited with authorship of the book as early as the 2nd century A.D.
Second Source
• It is confirmed that Luke was the author of the Book of Acts; the tone of Acts is very similar to that of Luke. Certain themes left out in Luke are included in Acts by design to provide closure. (Acts 6)
• The prologue to Luke-Acts provides for Luke to have participated in some of the events of Acts, as described in Luke 1:3.
• Both Acts and Luke refer to Theophilus at some point and the later chapters of Acts speak of the former Luke.
• The earliest of the external testimonies appears in the Muratorian Canon (c. a.d. 170) where a statement is made that Luke was the author of both the “Acts of the Apostles” and the third Gospel.

What is the date of the original writing?
• Acts 28:30 suggests that at the earliest, the Book of Acts was probably written in Rome two years after Paul was imprisoned in c. 62.
• Luke used the Gospel of Mark as a foundation when writing his book. As we know, his gospel was written before he wrote the Acts of the Apostles. Mark wrote his gospel sometime near the late 60’s, it can be assumed that the Book of Acts must have been written several years after Paul was first imprisoned in Rome.
• The exact date(s) are skeptical to be correct as not all evidence points in the same direction. A date between 70 and 62 A.D. is appropriate, with the earlier date being more likely than others.
Source
• Evidence suggests that two dates are possible when determining the exact point in history that the Book of Acts was written. The first proposes Acts was written in 63 A.D. shortly after the last recorded event of the book and the second somewhere near 70 A.D. or later.
• Acts ends somewhat abruptly which suggests it was written shortly, if not immediately prior to the death of Paul and destruction of Jerusalem.
• The book of Acts isn’t given an exact date in which it was believed to be written but rather a short time period. Acts 28:30-31 suggests a date around 60 and 61...

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