A Commentary Of Chapter Vi Of Voltaire's Candide

2935 words - 12 pages

A Commentary on chapter VI of Voltaire's Candide relating its style and themes to the work as a whole Chapter VI: Comment on fit un bel auto-da-fé pour empêcher les tremblements de terre, et comment Candide fut fessé Chapter VI begins with Voltaire using an ironic style in explaining the reason for the auto-da-fé. Following the Lisbon earthquake the authorities decided, on advice from the University of Coimbra, that to prevent a further disaster, [which could destroy the whole city] that only a grand and ceremonious auto-da-fé would be sufficient - only a burning will suffice, and moreover this is must be executed with necessary grandeur. Voltaire's corrosive irony attacks the institutions of religion and education. Religion and education [in the form of the University of Coimbra in this case] were intimately linked at that time, as religion ruled over knowledge. Voltaire's attack in the form of irony is used to denounce them, he continues to do so by exhibiting their simple-mindedness in the form of their lack of judgement in less complex matters: the reason for Candide's imprisonment [Pangloss' imprisonment being less demonstrative, though nevertheless still emphasising the point] ""¦On vint lier après le dîner le docteur Pangloss et son disciple Candide, l'un pour avoir parlé, l'autre pour l'avoir écouté avec un air d'approbation"¦" The transformation of religious intolerance is demonstrated well in the opening paragraph. A product of fear, it mutates into superstition and the outlet for this superstition is the mistreatment of fellow human beings. Voltaire deliberately avoids details of the mistreatment in the form of the auto-da-fé, leaving the reader open to imagine the horror of the slow torture [namely burning alive] seen as a ceremonial practice that is the auto-da-fé. This style of modesty and simple description continues in the description of the victims of the auto-da-fé. In this case, he ingenuously describes people and does not give the full picture. Again, this allows the reader to use his imagination to further his perception of the indubitable insanity. The first three victims are a 'Biscayan convicted of marrying his godmother and two Portuguese who had refused to eat bacon with their chicken as they were Jewish.' Using a logical plane of thought one can not see reason for their persecution. The Basque has not committed a crime as such, but has gone against Christian teachings and the Portuguese Jews, their 'crime' seems more absurd than any of the other absurdities so far, and not to mention the confusion this creates in terms of the relevance of this ["at the time the rigour of the Portuguese and Spanish Inquisitions were principally directed against Jews"].This is not the end of the absurdities, as they continue with the reason why Candide and...


Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide

1578 words - 6 pages Successful Use of Satire in Voltaire's Candide Voltaire's Candide is the story of how one man's adventures affect his philosophy on life. Candide begins his journey full of optimism that he lives in "the best of all possible worlds," but he learns that it is naïve to say that good will eventually come of any evil.  Voltaire successfully uses satire as a means of conveying his opinions about many aspects of European society in the

Discuss Voltaire's writing of "The Candide"

863 words - 3 pages abstain from sexual intercourse for his religion. Another example of corruption is when the author stated that Candide saw a young Theatine monk in St. Mark's Square, arm in arm with a girl." All of these examples of coruption of the churchs proves that organized religion is by no means pure and out to help the good-willed citizens.Voltaire uses El Dorado as an example of what society should be like without corrupt religion. In chapter XVII

Satire of Philosophy In Voltaire's Candide

1160 words - 5 pages In the novel Candide Voltaire chooses to satirize several aspects of his society in order to point out the flaws in much of the philosophy which was popular throughout "The Enlightenment." One way in which Voltaire accomplishes this is through his use of Pangloss, who represents G.W. von Liebniz and the philosophy of optimism, as a constantly useless and ignorant character, and through his use of Pangloss's foil Martin, who despite being

Movie Essay - A Comparison of Satire in Voltaire's Candide and the Film Lexx

1176 words - 5 pages Satire in Candide and Lexx Voltaire's Candide is a story about a young man learning about the realities of the world; realities he never could have believed to happen in life because his education heavily involves the idea that this is the "best of all worlds." Salter Street Films' Lexx is a story about a group of misfit adventurers and the calamity that befalls them after they steal the Lexx, a Manhattan-sized insect with the ability

Essay on Voltaire's Candide - Fallacy of Optimism Exposed

793 words - 3 pages Fallacy of Optimism Exposed in Candide In Candide, Voltaire paints a dismal and satirical view of the world. Voltaire paints a pessimistic portrait of a naïve youth who is raised to believe that this is best of all worlds. Time and again, Voltaire clearly portrays his belief that this is not the best of all possible worlds.   The characters of the story face great adversity. In chapter 10, Cunegonde states that her misfortune is so

Use of Satire to Attack Optimism in Voltaire's Candide

1491 words - 6 pages Use of Satire to Attack Optimism in Voltaire's Candide     In its time, satire was a powerful tool for political assault on Europe's corrupt and deteriorating society. Voltaire's Candide uses satire to vibrantly and sarcastically portray optimism, a philosophical view from the Enlightenment used to bury the horrors of 18th century life: superstition, sexually transmitted diseases, aristocracy, the church, tyrannical rulers, civil and

Voltaire's "Candide" is a satire on optimism.

998 words - 4 pages CANDIDE--OPTIMISMVoltaire's Candide is a satire on optimism. The time when Candide was written, the intellectual movement known as the Enlightenment was spreading ideas about the equality and basic rights of man and the importance of reason and scientific objectivity. Through Candide, Voltaire expressed the misleading notion of Gottfried William von Leibniz's theory of optimism. Liebniz developed the idea that the world they were living in at

Rising Above a Corrupt World in Voltaire's Candide

1606 words - 6 pages Rising Above a Corrupt World in Voltaire's Candide        Society can be, and is, corrupt in many different ways. Within our lives we are subject, but not limited to, corruptions within religion, corruptions of morals, and corruption within the government. Voltaire, the author of Candide, uses a naïve protagonist to illustrate his view of the world. Candide, surrounded by a corrupt society, and bombarded by various character defining

The Picture of Dorian Gray – Chapter 20 Commentary

805 words - 4 pages this, the use of specific words and punctuation markings highlight Dorian’s personal yearning of removing himself from his past. First of all, Dorian has evidently changed in contrast to the beginning of the book. In this chapter, he aims for a different purpose, to start his life new and pure again. However, Dorian still strives merely for what he wants instead of thinking for others. He is open to any way that can make it possible to

Voltaire's Criticism of Leibniz

4148 words - 17 pages , Voltaire tells us over and over in Candide. Candide, often considered to be Voltaire's masterpiece, tells the story of a naïve (or candid, from which he gets his name) young man who grows up in the German province of Westphalia. Candide grows to be, in his own opinion, wise under the tutelage of the learned and traveled Doctor Pangloss. Pangloss may be intended as a caricature of Leibniz, or he may not. At any rate, he most certainly espouses the

Candide: a Heroic Diatribe of French Institutions

1575 words - 6 pages respect for the natural world that forced him to examine the institutions of France from an objective eye. From this, Voltaire was able to see through the veil over religion and the state to examine the underlying hypocrisy and corruption of these institutions and as a result he was able to produce a biting commentary in his great work, Candide. Prior to penning Candide, Voltaire was schooled at a Jesuit college in Paris that gave him a great

Similar Essays

A Freudian Analysis Of Voltaire's Candide

1663 words - 7 pages A Freudian Analysis of Voltaire's Candide       In Civilization and its Discontents, Sigmund Freud refers to the important role that love plays in the world of Man. Love certainly plays an important role in Voltaire's Candide; throughout Candide's journeys, a constant factor is his love for Lady Cunegonde and his desire to be with her. Freud writes "the way of life which makes love the centre of everything [...] comes naturally to

Voltaire's Candide: The Transformation Of Candide

1076 words - 4 pages Voltaire's Candide: The Transformation of Candide     Candide (1991), which is another version of "Voltaire" by French writer Francois-Marie Arouet, is a short but diverse story that tells of a young man's journey for love and the hardships he faces all the while keeping a very strong, positive and philosophical outlook on life. The book starts in an unknown year, hinted sometime around the Renaissance, with a young man named Candide

A Comparison Of Satire In Voltaire's Candide And Gulliver's Travels

2248 words - 9 pages situation, Swift demonstrates how dangerous being overly trusting may be. Gulliver believes that he has made friends in the Lilliputians. However, by the end of the visit he is almost executed (Bk. I). On a satirical level, Swift asserts that the corruptive human being is deadly when overly trusted. The dangers of being overly trusting are also discussed in Candide. In chapter 19, Candide is taken advantage of by a conniving captain. Candide

Analysis Of Voltaire's Philosophy In Candide

1213 words - 5 pages have, and the more accurate that knowledge will be. These principles can still be applied to life today, because what good are beliefs if they are never exercised?In the beginning of the novel, we see Voltaire's beliefs expressed through Candide, a young, naïve man whose sole knowledge comes from that of Dr. Pangloss. Pangloss is a philosopher who believes that "everything is for the best in this best of all possible worlds" (319). Without