A Comparative Analysis of Political Communication in Turkey Case
In Turkey case of this paper, I will try to analyse Turkish media system with the theoretical framework which is developed by Daniel C. Hallin and Paolo Mancini in the article of Comparing Media Systems, Three Models of Media and Politics. I will make an attempt in order to investigate the basic characteristics of the media systems in Turkey, moreover I will bring the relationship between the state and the media through four dimensions, which are developments of the mass press, political parallelism, journalistic professionalism and the role of the state, developed by Hallin and Mancini’s work (Hallin and Mancini, 2005: pp. 217-220).
Hallin and Mancini’s conceptual framework comprises structures of four dimensions development of media markets, political parallelism or “the extent to which the media system reflects the major divisions in society”, the development of journalistic professionalism , and the degree and nature of state intervention in the media system; furthermore aspects of the state role; degree of pluralism, type of democracy, and degree of rational-legal authority with associating to the political contexts of media systems. Hallin and Mancini conceptualized the three models of media and politics when referring characteristic configurations within these dimensions. These are Mediterranean or Polarized Pluralist Model, North Central Europe or Democratic Corporatist Model, North Atlantic or Liberal Model. The principal features of Mediterranean or Polarized Pluralist Model are high political parallelism, low newspaper circulation, weaker professionalization, strong state intervention; North Central Europe or Democratic Corporatist Model consists high newspaper circulation, strong state intervention but with protection for press freedom, politics in broadcasting system with substantial autonomy, lastly the features of North Atlantic or Liberal Model are information-oriented journalism, medium newspaper circulation and strong professionalization (Ibid, pp.218-220).
The dimensions of the state role are emphasized by Hallin and Mancini that the degree and nature of state intervention which comes forth as a master dimension in affecting all the dimensions in the following; political parallelism, development of journalistic, professionalization and particularly development of media markets (Ibid, 2005). Considering the relationship between state and media, two important factors occur. One is media appeared throughout the porter of the state ideology to masses, on the other hand it endures from the limits of the same ideology in order to circulate it. At this point, we need to point out how the characteristics of the Turkish media become visible through these attributes. Following this, the differences among media systems is considered by Hallin and Mancini; “one of the most obvious differences among media systems has to do with the development of the mass circulation...