A Comparative Study Of Regional Planning In Britain And The Netherlands

1726 words - 7 pages

The first selected article is “A Comparative Study of Regional Planning in Britain and the Netherlands” which is written by Ashok K. Dutt in 1970. While there is not any guiding question asked in the paper, author highlights the importance of the developments in Regional Planning after World War II. He believes that the organic integrations of cities are over, and an era of a more integrated and comprehensive planning has started. Within the development process of comprehensive regional planning, he emphasizes on two country systems (Dutt, 1970).
The rationale of the comparison lies under the need of a more coordinated and comprehensive regional perspective. He defends that UK and the Netherlands are the pioneers of regional planning systems. Thus, author takes these two examples and compares them in order have an inference on developing the regional planning ideal and deduce the principles of it systems (Dutt, 1970).
Dutt (1970) structures the theoretical framework through some definitions, which are relatively new and not well combined with regional planning literature in those years. Firstly, he makes a simple argument on the definitions of region, planning, comprehensive and coordination; and after, he basically compares Netherlands by referencing British Regional Planning system (Dutt, 1970).
The method of the research starts by examining the basic evolution of The Town and Country Planning act of Britain. Dutt (1970) defines the levels of the administrative structures and explains how the subdivisions of planning actors are working together. He states that the British regional planning approach has two scales: “city-regional and national” (p. 323). Author describes the chronology of the planning evolution in three parts: the influences of Ebenezer Howard’s Garden City movement, “New Towns” policies and “National Plan” actions. Mainly, he defines these three policy actions through their reasons to be published and in relation with metropolitan problems (e.g. overspilling population, slow economic development through New Towns, traffic problems across metropolitan regions, industrial development areas...) of Britain.
After explaining the British regional planning perspective, Dutt (1970) starts examining Netherlands through its national policy characteristics and describes the different actors of Dutch administrative system (three-tiers: central government, provinces, municipalities). Herein, he highlights the outcomes and actions of these actors (as they are different from British). He is comparing the Micro-Regional and Metropolitan Planning processes with the UK. While doing the comparison, he is using some maps in order to show the spatial differences (Figure 1 & Figure 2). One by one, the Micro-Regional, Metropolitan Planning and Macro-Regional Policies are compared due to their policy process, problem focuses, scales and effectiveness.

Finally Dutt (1970) makes a conclusion of overviews from British and Dutch regional planning...

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