A Comparison between Othello and The Trial
In the same way that the concept innocence and arrogance appear at cross-purposes, a comparison between "Othello" by William Shakespeare and " The Trial " by Franz Kafka at first sight appears contradictory. On closer analysis however, both these terms and these two works can be shown to have demonstrated the same inseparable idea.
The philosophy of both times introduces the ideas. And it gives us an understanding of why they thought that way and to make us understand the writer's work better. Shakespeare birthed in the Renaissance period in the 1600's. At that time England was dominated by Anglicanism-King Henry the eighth replaced the Pope-so the king or the queen has all the power. The ruler had the power to kill a person or give him or her a chance to live. Shakespeare wrote about that power and showed it, and gave it a sense of life in his work. E.g. when Othello wants to kill Desdemona out of the whim. "Ay, let her rot, and perish and be damned to-night; for she shall not live."(Othello, act IV, scene 1) Or "Hang her! I do but say what she is." (Othello, act IV, scene 1) In these two examples it shows the power of the ruler, and how he or she could use it abusively or wisely. And how they make their decisions without any consultant. Or when Othello takes Cassio out of the force, "Cassio I love thee; but never more be officer of mine."(Othello, act II, scene III).
The incidents that occur in Shakespeare's work are anthropological constants that we experience them in our daily lives jealousy, love, death, hate, and betrayal. The people related to Shakespeare because they lived the role that he was introducing and describing, they understood his ideas, and they lived in his time. So the idea of monarchy in Shakespeare's time that has been processed in his work, the power that a person owns, and the use of it is so strong that no one could interfere between the person, and that power.
On the other hand, Kafka began writing in 1914, during the world war. The violence that occurred because of the world war, and all the pain and suffering made the people's hearts turn into stone. And people lost their belief in God because they believe that mankind controls everything and has the power. That is why in that time the government had all the power. Which is considered different to monarchy because in monarchy the power is given to an individual, but the governmental power is divided to a group. Kafka writes about that divided power, which no one knows who leads it. But mostly he keeps writing about the feeling of guilt, and trying to show that everyone is guilty when they are born. E.g. Joseph K. struggles to know why is he blamed. And claims he is innocent. He still has this guilt in him, but he is not sure what it is. Could this be the inborn guilt?
Kafka always referred to the unknown power. He believed he always believed in something! But he...