This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Comparison Of Conflict And Labeling Theory In The Context Of Youth Gangs

1911 words - 8 pages

Many have attempted to explain gang involvement in today's society. However, there is an underlying activity of youth joining gangs that does not seem to have enough media coverage or thorough explanations. As the name suggests, youth gang membership is about the juvenile population creating and joining gangs. Research indicates that youth gang membership exists in contemporary north America (Bernburg et al. 2006; aLilly et al. 2011; Maclure and Sotelo 2004; Sims 1997; Wiley et al. 2013; Yoder et al. 2003). This paper will examine the factors associated with youth gang membership using Karl Marx's conflict theory and labeling theory in comparison. Although conflict theory helps explain why a troublesome economy and coming from a low-socioeconomic status contributes to gang involvement, the theory has its limitations. On the other hand, labeling theory is unable to fully explain youth gang involvement based on the aforementioned factors. That being said, it can give a better explanation based on the factor of government intervention in the lives of citizens such as the context of stop-and-frisk which lead to unwarranted searches.
As mentioned in lecture, labeling theory asks two critical questions: what is crime, and who is criminal? This is the central tenet of labeling theory because the focus is on what activities constitute criminal behaviour within the context. This means that over time, the general perspective changes in regards to what can be labeled 'crime.' For instance, society is known to react negatively towards prostitution in the past; whereas the contemporary reaction is primarily to legalize it.
That being said, labeling is more than a reaction to an activity. To elaborate, labeling is also about the government intervention in the daily lives of citizens (Bernburg et al. 2006; aLilly et al. 2011; Wiley et al. 2013). This includes the practice of stop-and-frisk that is performed by police officers on potential suspects, or anyone for that matter because they can do it unwarranted. Moreover, the result can be innocent youth being interrogated by this means of intervention. Consequently, youth may internalize this label of a potential criminal which raises a key issue of labeling theory that explains future criminality and gang membership. As mentioned in the lecture, labels can be positive that result in a higher self-esteem. In this case, a stop-and-frisk on an innocent youth is a negative label that can not only lower the person's self-esteem, but result in a forced self-realization that they are a deviant. Therefore, government intervention can explain why youth join gangs in the context of labeling theory.
Bernburg et al. (2006) implement how labeling theory not only applies to an individual youth; but also to the youth's social network. Again, this can be visualized by the scenario of government intervention. Essentially, when government intervention of a juvenile individual creates a negative label, the youth's social...

Find Another Essay On A Comparison of Conflict and Labeling Theory in the Context of Youth Gangs

Sexual Offender Laws and the Labeling Theory

1812 words - 7 pages Many people might think that sex offenders are repugnant to society and that people who commit sex crimes should be removed from our society. The reality is that many people do not know that most people who commit sex offenses are normal people. In most cases, they are hardworking people who got caught doing something our society ‘thinks’ is wrong and get labelled sex offenders. This is where Labeling Theory comes into places, because it focus

Youth Participation In Gangs Essay

1262 words - 5 pages Youth participation in gangs actually decreased from 1996 to 2004, but the violence within these gangs has not. Homicides committed by youth gang members still remain as a monumental problem across the United States of America. The Office of Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention reported in its 2004 survey of youth gangs that there were an estimated 760,000 gang members that year. Many of the kids affiliated with gangs come from lower

A comparison of two representations of the Bosnian conflict

1218 words - 5 pages drama in a way that will influence the public opinion and generate support against these atrocities. He has used images, which show the mass destruction that the Croats have caused which persuades the audience to feel negatively towards them.The News report, which was aired on 23rd April 1993, is a report of the real destruction caused during the conflict in Bosnia. The news reporter uses a serious tone when introducing us to the report and warns the

The Politics of Gas: An Inventory of Resource Conflict in the Context of Chittagong Hill Tracts

734 words - 3 pages will be used to identify what, when and where type questions which will try to find out the genesis and development of socioeconomic and political encapsulation of indigenous people in Bangladesh and its impacts on the planning and implementation of development plan in Bangladesh. The exploratory method will find out how and why indigenous people resist such policy and why can’t the conflict mediated in a win-win situation.

Role Conflict in the Realm of Management Theory

909 words - 4 pages Role Conflict in the Realm of Management Theory As a manager, the task of personnel performance and organizational cohesion is of the upmost importance. In order to more effectively stimulate an environment that is conducive to optimizing personnel performance, theories have been developed to help managers more effectively mitigate any conflicts that have the potential to sideline production and employees. As a manager, one of the most

The History of Gangs in America

2253 words - 9 pages more than ready to join.The Nuestra Familia is a prison gang made up of largely inmates from Northern California. The conflict between Nortenos and Surenos street gangs in California has lasted for over thirty years. Most of the problems date back to the California prison system and arose from the conflict between inmates affiliated with the La EME (many from East L.A.) versus EME dropouts and inmates who were originally from Northern California

The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention and In China, Human Cost Are Built Into an iPad

1194 words - 5 pages the population stays and try to fend for life. Thomas L. Friedman made a good point in his article “The Dell Theory of Conflict Prevention” however after reading Charles Duhigg and David Barboza’s article “In China, Human Costs Are Built Into an iPad” I believe the people matter more than anything. Some country’s governments are putting too much weight on other counties and the money they can make by doing business with them and not enough

Discuss the use of group work theory and skills and apply to your role as a child or youth practitioner

1373 words - 6 pages overcome obstacles. Relating to both of the modelling stage theories that Tuckman and Belin both done. Applying to my role as a youth worker working within a team, I am clearly going with Belbin’s team theory because I believe that everyone has their own role in a team some people are better than others in doing different roles. I strongly believe that Belbin’s developing stage model is very good for team building for me as it looks at the

"Understanding and Responding to Youth Gangs: A Juvenile Corrections Approach"

913 words - 4 pages "Understanding and Responding to Youth Gangs: A Juvenile Corrections Approach"Youth gangs are very attractive to youths in the inner-cities of America. These gangs are usually very corrupt and violent. What many people do not realize is that these gangs are having a large impact on not only the youth of America, but this country in general. A youth gang is a group of adolescents, primarily twelve to eighteen years old, whose members describe

The King of Gangs

1799 words - 7 pages because of the total isolation he has from society. He embraces counterculture as a result of the long 200 years of remaining parasitic. This alienation drives Dracula to yearn for something that can identify with him: he bites people so that they to will become vampires. Gangs use a unique and disturbed ritual called jumping in that equates only them to Dracula, as the modern possessors of this alienation from society. Peers of

The Negative Emotional and Behavioural Effects of Interparental Conflict on Children and Youth

2052 words - 9 pages Hypothesis There are many negative short and long-term emotional and behavioural effects of witnessing parental conflict on children and youth. Definition of Terms Appraisals: Angry/ambivalent pattern (noun): One of the three basic ways to cope with background anger. Background anger (noun): A term in this context used to describe anger between adults. Concerned pattern (noun): One of the three basic ways to cope with

Similar Essays

The Comparison Of Functionalism And Conflict Theory

974 words - 4 pages Functionalism and conflict theory are two theories that influence the purposes of schooling. These two theories are both different and similar in their view and relation to schooling. Basically, the differences lie in the way these two theories explain transmission, as well as way functionalists are more accepting and conflict theorists want to change things. The two theories are similar in their views of structure and culture."Functionalism

Labeling Theory And Its Effectiveness On Youth Crime And Anti Social Behavior

989 words - 4 pages Summarise labelling theory and then consider its effectiveness in considering youth crime and anti-social behaviour in contemporary British society Labelling theory is the theory of how applying a label to an individual influences their lifestyle, and how the social reaction to this label influences the individual. " groups create deviance by making rules whose infraction creates deviance, and by applying those roles to particular

Labeling Theory Of Deviance Essay

2539 words - 11 pages initially published in 1938 there are many flaws in the labeling theory, such as the simple fact that not every criminal has been labeled. Some individuals are deviant in their actions and choose to commit crimes because of other reasons. Also, criminal action and deviance does not always occur after people are labeled, and labeling does not always explain why a deviant committed the initial crime. In many situations, after deviant behavior

A Comparison Of Moral Conflict In Antigone And A Doll's House

1510 words - 6 pages Conflict Between Individual Morals and State Laws in Antigone and A Doll's House              Mother, should I trust the government?  Or should I trust myself?  This dilemma is a common one in a great deal of literature.  In Antigone and A Doll’s House, the main theme is the question of whether one should be true to oneself or true to one’s state or society.  Should Nora (in A Doll’s House) and Antigone (in Antigone) “follow the rules