A Comparison Of Piaget, Freud, And Erikson

1605 words - 6 pages

The field of psychology may have grown to be respected as a science.Objectivity and the scientific method are both part of the psychologist's modeof operation. However, even the greatest of psychologists can only theorizeabout what makes human beings act the way they do. Absolutes are not partof psychology . Everything is relative and open to speculation. Theorists giveus their views or ideas about life.In the field of psychology, there have been many different areas ofinterest. Human development is one of the most popular areas of interest forthose who study psychology. Freud, Erikson and Piaget are all great theoristswith different ideas concerning human development. Each theorist developedideas and stages for human development. Their theories on humandevelopment had human beings passing through different stages. Each theorydiffered on what these stages were. These theories also differed with theirrespect towards paradigmatic assumptions, learning and development, andrelationship towards educational practice.Freud is known as the father of psychology. Although some of hiswork has been dismissed, most of it still holds weight in the world ofpsychology. Freud believed that human development was fueled by innerforces. He believed the most powerful of all inner forces was our sexualbeing. Freud linked everything with sex. This includes any bodily pleasurewhatsoever. Thus, when Freud discusses the sexual needs of children, theyare not the same kind of sexual needs that an adult would experience.Children experienced sexual gratification in different ways. Sucking theirthumbs or retaining their excrement could be seen as sexual gratification forsmall children. Freud also specified certain areas of our body as erogenouszones. Those areas included the mouth and genitals. This all fit in to Freud'sobsession with sex. An obsession that could be linked to the era that Freudlived in. It was a very conservative period in history. Sexual feelings wereoften repressed.Freud's theory on human development could be labeled thepsychosexual stages of development. Freud believed human beings passedthrough different stages in their life based on which part of their body gavethem sexual gratification. Freud's psychosexual stages of development arefive in total.The Oral stage takes place from birth to about one year. During thisstage, a child is orally oriented. The mouth is the child's erogenous zone.Everything a child touches is put in his mouth. Freud believes children dothis because it gives them pleasure. When a child sucks his thumb, it does sobecause it gives it gives him gratification. According to Freud, thegratification is sexual.The second stage in Freud's psychosexual development theory takesplace between the ages of two and three years of age. The erogenous zoneshifts location, thus moving from one stage to another. The second erogenouszone in Freud's stages of human development is the anal region. Freudbelieves children experience sexual gratification...

Find Another Essay On A Comparison of Piaget, Freud, and Erikson

Theorist Erik Erikson and the study of children

969 words - 4 pages The Physical and Social development of children is important and Erikson studied how children grow and develop. There are eight stages of development. When Erikson first got started, Why he studies psychology and About the eight stages of development. He studies the different systems of children while they develop. He also studies the founding of adulthood. The start of Erik Erikson, Erikson was a life theorist he became a life theorist by

George Herbert Mead and Erik H. Erikson: Theories of Socialization

789 words - 3 pages is needed for survival of society and culture. Comparatively, Mead shared some intellectual sociological similarities with Erik H. Erikson. Particularly with Erikson's broader view of socialization: his eight stages of development.Mead understood the self to thrive as long as four major components that revolved around social cooperation fell into place. The first belief he transmitted was that the self was not present in a person at birth. It

Oedipus - A Freud and Aristole View

574 words - 2 pages development). Both Aristotle and Sigmund Freud also belief that Oedipus was not in control of his actions, but in fact, was acting in a manner that was a part of his fate.Aristotle, found that Oedipus the King was not only an influential myth but also as a source of what defines true tragedy. He believed that you can not have a good or wicked man falling into misfortune or an evil man rising to fortune because none of those will inspire the

Piaget and Vygotsky: The Psychology of Cognitive Development

1886 words - 8 pages Piaget’s (1926) and Lev Vygotksy’s (1978). A common understanding between the two rest on the idea that cognitive development in children occurs through stages, however, their approach in identifying these stages highly differ (in Smith P.K. et al., 2003). Piaget’s account of cognitive development has been one of the many influential theories of time, receiving great recognition and popularity. According to Piaget children possess an innate

The Career and Discoveries of Sigmund Freud

746 words - 3 pages particular that had a lasting effect on Freud was about a patient named Anna O and she suffered from hysteria (now called conversion disorder) where she had temproary paralysis and anesthesia and nervous cough (www.psychology.about.com). Breuer discovered that if he could hypnotize her then she would be able to speak of things that she could not in her conscious state. Afterward her symptoms where relieved and this became known as the "talking

A Religion Comparison of Judaism and Christianity

1978 words - 8 pages , human beings become sinful in rebelling against God and needs God's forgiveness to be restored to a state of fellowship with Him. Much of modern Judaism reinterprets these points." (Comparison, Fall 2009). This concept is very important because, Judaism is based upon relationships, the Social Dimension and Ethical Dimension of Religion. "Judaism is a religion based on relationships: God's relationship with the human person, a person's relationship

A Comparison of Jesus and Muhammad

614 words - 2 pages seems that a lot of people degrade the rival leader to promote their won religious leader. In spite of these similarities, a comparison of the two men is somewhat uneven in the eyes of the Muslims and Christians.                 Muhammad spent his life in a region known as Hijaz, an arid plateau in western Arabia and also he lived the end of his life in Medina, where as Jesus spent his life in Nazareth located less than a thousand miles

Nature and Humanity, a Comparison of Poems

1584 words - 6 pages medals, I believe the speaker is suggesting a certain level of respect and admiration for the fish because the speaker realizes that the fish must have a great deal of "wisdom" and strength to be able to escape from fishermen so many times before. In addition, I believe that this comparison is suggesting that the fish is like a solider and that the hooks symbolize the fish's "medals" or victories in battle, and therefore, this comparison humanizes

A Comparison of Lager and Ale Beer

582 words - 2 pages lager beer; and Samuel Adams tasteslike a tart, spicy, full flavored ale. Although most ales have a higher alcoholcontent than most lagers, Samuel Adams and Budweiser have the samealcohol content. The difference is on the taste and overall presentation, notthe effects of the beer.The purpose of this comparison of ales and lagers is to show thedifferences in the way beer is made, and distinctness of their final result.Although beer drinkers may

A comparison Study of Russia and Estonia

1431 words - 6 pages Justice Institutions Around the World. Retrieved on 6 Dec. 2013, from https://docs.google.com/spreadsheet/ccc?key=0AqNm_1Q_1Tl9dDRFaDlodU0zOEtySF M4c1piazRWWXc&usp=sharing Poe, S. C., & Tate, C. N. (1994). Repression of Human Rights to Personal Integrity in the 1980s: A Global Analyis. The American Political Science Review, 88(4), 853-872. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/2082712 Wood, R. M., & Gibney, M. (2010). The Political Terror Scale (PTS): A Reintroduction and a Comparison to CIRI. Human Rights Quarterly, 33(2), 36-400.

A comparison of Hamlet and Claudius

1025 words - 4 pages things such as madness, suicide and depression. This is the case in Hamlet. A comparison of the love relationship between Ophelia and Hamlet and Gertrude and Claudius, will illustrate that betrayal, selfishness and lack of love cause the downfall of these relationships.There are many examples of betrayal in the play Hamlet. In these examples betrayal leads to the destruction of relationships. Claudius is the king of Denmark and he will do

Similar Essays

A Comparison Between Freud And Erikson

1966 words - 8 pages (Westen, 1998). Finally, both theories are built upon the fact that development throughout childhood is conflict. A child learns conflicting views of everything in their world means. For example, parents often create feelings of reassurance, warmness, protection, distress, and dissatisfaction (Westen, 1998). Erikson diverged in comparison to Freud in three significant characteristics. First, Erikson emphasized that children are operational

Stages Of Development: Erikson Vs. Freud

1842 words - 7 pages fixated on it. This is also the stage where self-pleasure becomes a main part of their focus. This stage Erikson and Freud do not agree on anything. They have two completely different thoughts. Freud is concentrated on the sexual side, the boy trying to replace the father for his mother’s affection and girls desire their fathers. Erikson concentrated on the ability to accomplish tasks, play make believe, be independent and the guilt of not being

Sigmund Freud And Erik Erikson/ Science Vs. Religion Hunter College/ Religion Essay

833 words - 4 pages Science vs. Religion Sigmund Freud and Erik Erikson are two psychologists who disagreed on the value of religion for human civilization. Freud argued that religion is a corrosive influence for society because it is rooted in fantasy; whereas Erikson believed that religion provides an important framework and order for life. A 2010 Pew Research study estimated that 5.9 billion people claim affiliation to an organized religious group.  If Freud's

Discussion Of Freud And Jung Essay

1402 words - 6 pages , Vol. 340 September 14, 1996 Coon, Dennis. Introduction to Psychology: Exploration and Application, 7th Edition.Minnesota: West Publishing Company, 1995.Ellenberger, Henri F. The Discovery of the Unconscious. The History and Evolution of Dynamic Psychiatry. New York: Basic Books, 1970.Freud, Sigmund. The Basic Writings of Sigmund Freud. Brill, A. A.: Dodd, Mead and Company, Inc., July 1979.Piaget, Jean, et al. The Psychology of The Child. Berkeley and Los Angeles: University of California Press, Ltd., 1972.