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A Comparitive Essay Between The Representations Of Evil In; Lord Of The Flies By William Golding And Dr Jekyll And Mr Hyde By Robert Louis Stevenson

2326 words - 9 pages

Garreth Hemmings 01/11/02How Do The WritersGolding and Stevenson Explore The Theme OfGood and Evil Within Man?Refer to 'Lord of the Flies' and 'The Strange case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde'The themes of good and evil are used constantly throughout both of the books but they are portrayed in different ways by the two authors. As the authors wrote each of the books in different time periods this greatly affects the ways in which they show these themes. Through this essay I aim to show how each of the authors explore the good and evil within man, then compare and contrast the way in which they present their ideas and finally summarise the story styles in the conclusion.The answer to the above question, how do the writers explore the themes of good and evil within man is of course different with each author. Golding uses lots of symbolism, everything connected with the book is symbolising something. Stevenson however uses more basic methods; he shows evil by the disfiguration of Mr Hyde and the bubbling drink he uses character definition to describe good and evil. Take Mr Utterson for instance, the story begins with a comprehensive description of his character "rugged countenance... lean, long, dusty, dreary and yet somehow loveable." "It was frequently his fortune to be the last reputable acquaintance and the last good influence in the lives of down going men." Basically he comes across as a bit of a drab individual but sturdy and a man with standards. Contrast this with Mr Hyde. When we first meet him it is when he is confronted by Mr Utterson, "Mr Hyde shrank back with a hissing intake of breath." "The other (Hyde) snarled allowed into a savage laugh; and the next moment, with extraordinary quickness he had unlocked the door and disappeared." The use of the words "hissing" as in a snake and "snarled" as in a dog create this animal like quality. They are warning sounds showing that you should steer clear of this person.In Golding's 'Lord of the Flies' novel he is showing that ethical nature is not inherent in mankind. He shows this by presenting us with a group of boys who are not quite old enough to have been fully conditioned by society. He places them on an island out of the reach of any law or government. He slowly unravels their progress where we see the instincts of the boys taking over. We see two groups emerge and with these two groups we are given the good and the evil side of man. From here on we see how people behave on the Animal type instinct. The 'good' side has held on to sanity and is living on the hope of survival. The 'evil' side is living in anarchy; breaking off from the first group. They use the beast (a symbol of evil used by Golding) to influence the under developed minds of the littluns. Then with their increased numbers they attack the smaller, wiser group.In Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Stevenson restricts this battle between good and evil to within the body and mind of one individual. Where Golding sets up two warring factions who...

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