Of the many parallels that Animal Farm holds with the realities of Russia, its leaders, and it’s successive revolution, one of the most important of those similarities are the struggles for unsurpassed power in Napoleon from Animal Farm and Joseph Stalin. In George Orwell’s Animal Farm, he convinces readers to accept the failures of the farm and Russia itself. George Orwell portrays Napoleon as Joseph Stalin in Animal Farm in the sense that Napoleon tries to control the animals on the farm at every cost, much like Joseph Stalin did during the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics(USSR). The brutal living conditions of Russians during Czar Nicholas II and Stalin’s reign led them to completely lose faith in their leaders and generated multiple revolutionary events.
Based on events in history, the chief cause of the Russian Revolution the Czar’s faults in regulating the country. “Russia was being poorly mismanaged by a Czarist government, and most of the Russian people were still underpaid laborers on land owned by wealthy landlords” (2) Animal Farm Background information (Worksheet). Another aspect of the Czar’s rule that led to the overall unhappiness of citizens was the fact that the Czar took command of the army during WWI while leaving the German Czarina in charge, convincing many soldiers that the war was a conspiracy, and ultimately ending in a loss of support for the Czar’s idea of government. Another major concern of citizens was the violent reactions of the Czar towards strikes and outcries for any kind of change.
The Russian’s were wrong in having hope for a reformed government. Following the careless Czar came Lenin and Stalin, both continuing the reign of terror that the Czar had left behind. Instead of a Czarist government, a socialist and communist government was established, which did not turn out to be much different. Although the Soviet Union was formed and turned Russia into a global power, extending its rule to many other countries, living conditions and social inequality remained unchanged for Russians. Lenin declared opposing political parties illegal, and Stalin “(Stalin) had announced his intention to “liquidate” prosperous peasants (“kulaks”) as a class so that the state could control agriculture and use capital extracted from the countryside to build industry (Snyder). Clearly, none of these systems of government proved to be successful. Revolution, chaos, mass murder, and unrest triumphed in Russia for many many years.
During the Russian Revolution, Joseph Stalin was a selfish ruler who does everything that is possible even if his own people are in danger. “Stalin deported to Siberia all those who did not agree with him...his secret police also used arbitrary arrests, torture, and mass executions to maintain his dictatorship”(Worksheet). Joseph stalin had secret police that would torture people, arrest people with no specific evidence, and Stalin would deport people to Siberia if they did not agree with him. “Stalin,...