A Comprehensive Study On Civil War: Models And Real Cases

1310 words - 6 pages

A comprehensive study on civil war: models and real cases
The history of ethnic civil war consists of ethnic fragmentation appeared along the societal path to globalization. Over time, human enabled a comprehensive study of variables and motives in attempt to theorize a historical pattern of civil war. Two important models, one constructed by Paul Collier and Anke Hoeffler, and the other by James Fearon and David Laitin, provided hypothesis of the causes of civil war based on social, economic and political measurements. However, as Horowitz states, “a bloody phenomenon cannot be explained by a bloodless theory”, civil conflict can never be concluded to a certain pattern; despite the general ...view middle of the document...

A large population density also directs to less individual share of resources, and a highly dispersed population incurs regional fractionalization. Rwanda, which underwent two civil wars in 1963 and 1990, has one of the highest population densities in Africa.
On the other hand, Fearon and Laitin concentrated on state capacity in building their model to predict the risk of war. They concluded civil war as the consequence of a weak central government; variables that measure state capacity, particularly instability, poverty and population, were selected in the process. Political instability reflects a government’s inability in counterinsurgency; poverty demonstrates its failure to provide welfare to the people; and a large population adds challenges to the overall balance and management of different regions. During the economic breakdown in Yugoslavia, facing public calls for urgent economic reform, the Communist government “blocked promising reform initiatives” in order to maintain the monopoly control of the government and the country’s industries. The mediocre Yugoslavian government failed to pull the nation out from poverty, which eventually led to the collapse of the Republic.
Overall, both the CH model and the FL model highlight the interactive patterns between the independent variables and the risk of war, and thus support their hypothesis of the civil war mechanism. Nonetheless, although both models provide certain degree of prediction to the risk of war, neither applies to the reality perfectly.
First of all, hypothesis proposed by both models are broad representation of a generalized war case. The process neglects regional specific factors that are idiosyncratic to each nation. For instance, the Collier model predicts that a high dependency on natural resources may increase the chance of war. However, there are peaceful countries such as Saudi Arabia, Guyana, Oman and Trinidad and Tobago, which hold high values of primary dependence. On the other hand, although the United Kingdom had a high GDP per capita, it still faced the conflict in Northern Ireland in 1971. What such broad generalization of war motives avoids is a comprehensive understanding of atypical circumstances. Factors such as natural disasters and political corruption also remain untouched in the model.
Before the Bosnian economic breakdown, a $500 million financial scandal was disclosed at a Bosnian agricultural enterprise. Despite the many reasons that led to the economic crisis, the scandal revealed the conduct of unlawful procedures in the government, which may have been the cause of a fragile national economy. In the CH and FL model, the measurement of GDP and its growth rate reflects whether a nation has a poor or strong economy, and how the risk of war fluctuates accordingly, whereas it’s difficult to measure the cause of economic quagmires, such as the degree of government corruption.
Similarly, when chance events such as natural disasters occur, the regional...

Find Another Essay On A comprehensive study on civil war: models and real cases

Views on Civil War Essay

916 words - 4 pages meals” (Crane 8). He explains through his main character, Henry Flemming, that real war is made up of being mindlessly moved from place to place, when what he had thought that real war was fighting endlessly with hardly any time to eat or sleep. Henry was fooled and looks back on his misconstrued beliefs. Walt Whitman and Stephen Crane both assert their views on the war through their writings. In Walt Whitman’s poem, “A Sight in Camp in the

A Comprehensive Study of Jonas Salk

1077 words - 4 pages A remembrance in La Jolla, California, presents, “Hope lies in dreams, in imagination, and in the courage of those who dare to make dreams into reality.” The memorial commemorates the great virologist Jonas Salk (Salk.edu). Although many recognize Salk as the man who effectuated the eradication of polio, he also contributed to a vast amount of medical research. A comprehensive study of Jonas Salk includes his young life, early career, work with

Druids and Druidism: A Study of Their Real Identity

1753 words - 7 pages When interpreting history it is almost akin to separating the wheat from the chaff in farming. Close attention has to be paid to every historical detail that is given. In many cases when studying a historical description the reader can find a particular bias that the author has written with. The writings of Julius Caesar and Pliny are not exempt from being written with a bias when they describe the druids. Both authors are considered to be valid

The Civil War and Its Effects on the Nation

985 words - 4 pages The Civil War is known for its brutality and fierce fighting on both sides that led to one of the greatest wars in the history of the world. The war was vigorously contested and fought with courage and pride for one’s beliefs. The war would tear apart a country and reunite it stronger than ever, the country regrouped and began building a stronger infrastructure and a brighter future. The Civil War will never be forgotten and will always help

Bush's War On Terror and the Erosion of Civil Liberties

634 words - 3 pages Bush's War On Terror and the Erosion of Civil Liberties Nearly all the amendments in the Bill of Rights have been reduced since the beginning of the war. The fourth through eighth amendments have been especially hit hard by this “war.” Search & seizure, due process, a speedy and public trial with a jury, and cruel & unusual punishment have all been disregarded as part of the current administration’s policy. The “War On Terror” has

STUDY OF A REAL LEADER

3520 words - 14 pages tiny loans at reasonable interest rates to poor people, because of high repayment risks, Yunus believed that given the chance the poor will repay the borrowed money and hence micro credit could be a viable business model. Yunus finally succeeded in securing a loan from the government Janata Bank to lend it to the poor in Jobra in December 1976. By 1982, the bank had 28,000 members. On October 1, 1983, the pilot project began operations as a full

Reflecting on the Civil War

1112 words - 4 pages to succeed but the main reason had to do with the North's view on slavery. All of this was basically a different interpretation of the United States Constitution on both sides. In the end all of these disagreements on both sides led to the Civil War, in which the North won.There were a few reasons other then the slavery issue, that the South disagreed on and that persuaded them to succeed from the Union. Basically the North favored a loose

Relationship Magnitude Paper: Write on the balance of human, animal and nature from a case study in "Watersheds 4: Ten Cases in Environmental Ethics". Case study Skunked was picked

850 words - 3 pages In the case study Skunked the balance of human, animals and the nature itself are in constant struggle for balance. Over fishing the waters has become a major concern with the decreasing amount of fish caught annually which in turn decreases the money coming into the fisherman’s family. An ecological balance may never be met due to the current demand worldwide and it will only get worse if regulation is not implemented and agreed upon.Over

Sex in Advertising: A Focus on Models

1370 words - 5 pages . Sensual actions in the pictures of advertisement are pressed on teens at the ages of 17-20. These kinds of ads make a great deal of confusion as to what is acceptable in real life. Sex in advertising is everywhere: Sultry models, shirtless men, skimpily dressed women, passionate embraces, and threesome actions. Eventually, many teens begin to believe that the stories of the ads are acceptable in real life. Advertising’s use of sexual imagery to

A Discussion on a Clinical Encounter Using the Principles of Therapeutic Engagement and Reflective Models

4312 words - 17 pages a prodrome to all three of her admissions (Birchwood, Spencer & McGovern, 2000), causing her to become paranoid, to display unusual behaviour such as writing numerous letters of complaint to famous people and extreme anxiety symptoms such as pacing, aggressive outbursts and tense posture.CONTEXT OF CLINICAL INTERACTIONPrior to the interaction about to be discussed, the author had previously met Ms X during her second admission on an acute

Photography and the Civil War

2006 words - 9 pages multiple galleries and were featured in written media such as The New York Times. The American people were shocked by the images. Never before had they seen images this gruesome and real. Photojournalism was an easier form of media to consume, and it had a greater effect on people than previous forms of media, because it was real. The way people viewed or percieved the Civil War changed as a result of photojournalism. The superior connection

Similar Essays

Pre Civil War Study Notes 1776 1861. A Comprehensive Guide To Major Events, Laws, And Important People Before The Civil War

1166 words - 5 pages differences arose largely out of the refusal by the United States to come to the aid of France, then at war with Great Britain.Marbury vs. Madison- landmark court case of 1803 in which the Supreme Court of the United States established its authority to review and invalidate government actions that conflict with the Constitution of the United States. In Marbury, Chief Justice John Marshall, speaking for a unanimous Court, expressed for the first time the

A Report On The Gmd And The Chinese Civil War

2043 words - 8 pages keep fighting the GMD. By this stage the CCP had become very popular amongst the peasants (a large proportion of the population).Final Stage of the Civil War and Communist VictoryThe Soviets occupied much of Manchuria and ordered all Japanese troops to hand their arms over to the Communists. This allowed the communists to have arms means on which to fight the GMD troops with. Now on near equal par if not better to the GMD in July 1946 the Civil

Aristotle: A Comprehensive View On Nature And Society

1213 words - 5 pages This paper was written for a class on connection between philosophical views on nature and its social habits NoneAristotle: A Comprehensive View on Nature and SocietyIn order to fully understand Aristotle's views on a natural system, it is necessary to first explain some general principles of his philosophy. It is in his work the Categories that Aristotle presents the concept of substance, a concept which will serve as the foundation for much of

A Research Assesment On The Gmd And The Chinese Civil War

1744 words - 7 pages Soviets entering the Pacific War the Japanese were ordered to surrender to the GMD troops not communist by the United States. Finally Japan was out of the North. With ties between the GMD and CCP on edge it was unfortunate for the CCP that they had no arms in which to keep fighting the GMD. By this stage the CCP had become very popular amongst the peasants (a large proportion of the population).Final Stage of the Civil War and Communist VictoryThe