This website uses cookies to ensure you have the best experience. Learn more

A Critical Analysis Of A Journal Article: Effects Of Welfare Reform On Illicit Drug Use Of Adult

1617 words - 7 pages

Considerable research has previously been conducted to analyze the effects welfare reform has had on its intended purposes such as employment, caseloads, or familial cohesion. And while there have been a few studies that examined the correlation between women receiving welfare and drug use, the effects of reform in regards to illicit drug use, specifically women, had not been previously evaluated. As legislation passed the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Reconciliation Act (PRWORA) in 1996, the intended objective was to place restrictions on welfare recipients by applying a 5 year life-time limit, felony drug conviction disqualifications, and move people off the welfare rolls and into the workforce. States were given more latitude in administering benefits to applicants and were allowed the flexibility to place additional and more stringent requirements than those of the federal government, so long as the requirements adhered to federal guidelines. The purpose of the research conducted by Corman, Dave, Das, & Reichman, 2013 was to establish whether or not the PRWORA of 1996 reduced or prevented drug use among adult women by means of exploratory research. Additionally, they sought to corroborate the theory of Katz (2001), included in this research study, who said “…proponents of welfare reform claimed that the “work first” regime would increase self-sufficiency and connect previously marginalized poor women to the mainstream, leading them to engage in more responsible, and less socially undesirable, behavior.” With partial funding for the study provided by the National Institute of Child Health and Human Development, Corman et al (2013) initiated this study and hypothesized there would be a reduction in drug use among adult women by way of implementing sanctions in reform measures.
Corman et al (2013) stated “…welfare has the potential to increase, decrease, or not affect the use of illicit drugs by women potentially eligible for welfare”, and they set out to conduct an exploratory study to verify or discredit their hypothesis by utilizing multiple data sets, such as, public statistics and self-reported surveys to generate data on this previously untapped topic. The data used for this study was compiled by two self-reporting agencies, the National Household Surveys on Drug Abuse and the National Surveys on Drug Use and Health, who supplied socio-demographic information for the time periods of 1992 to 2002. This information was fundamental in identifying variables in the target groups; specifically, low educated unmarried women without children. Additionally, drug related data collected by government bureaus and emergency providers from 1992 to 2002 was instrumental in facilitating the researchers in gathering, interpreting, and summarizing the number of adult women who were arrested, incarcerated, or treated medically, as a direct result of drug-related incidents. The National Corrections Reporting Programs, the...

Find Another Essay On A Critical Analysis of a Journal Article: Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult

An altered state- sleep and illicit drug use - Concorde Career college - essay

1339 words - 6 pages ). Physical and mental disorders or even social disturbances can arise from lack of sleep or disruptions in your sleeping cycle (Tang, Liao, He, Deng, Zhang, Qi, & Lui, 2015). Well, there are a factor of things that can affect your sleep and/or sleep cycles. My focus today will be on sleep and the effect that illicit drug use has on it and vice versa. Many people are fascinated by the effect of drugs on brain activity and consciousness itself. Its

Critical Analysis of a Systematic Review Article

2246 words - 9 pages their methods lead to positive project outcomes, improved performance is not consistently realized. The authors argue that the associations’ one size fits all approach to best practices is insufficient for project success and thus conducted systematic research (SR) to determine if something else is the cause of project success. The current paper will present a critical analysis of the 2011 article, “Now, let’s make it really complex

Critical Analysis of a Published Article

1197 words - 5 pages The main point of this article is facts about arranged marriage. This article has addressed to the audience of British society apart to British Asians. Because the writer, intended to present them the real meaning, about the arranged marriages and how it works. In addition, it gives a clear method to the part of British people who an arranged marriage is different from their viewpoints. The writer gave this article an obvious title, which

Welfare Reform: A Matter Of Justice

1549 words - 6 pages Welfare Reform: A Matter of Justice      Medicaid. It is the United States Federal Government program to aid states in providing health care to the poor and impoverished who otherwise could not receive      proper medical care. In 1995 the federal government spent a total of $77.4 Billion on Medicaid. This is up almost 300 percent from $20.1 Billion in 1984, only 10 years earlier. In the same

A Rhetorical Analysis of Article in Medical Journal

1278 words - 5 pages in establishing prior knowledge and expertise of the authors. An example of this use of jargon can be seen in the articles description of family members as “therapeutic agents” (Dixon., et al, p. 6, 2000). AMA format exhibited throughout the presentation of the article conforms to the rhetorical situation of a medical journal. The AMA format is relatively straightforward and unadorned. These AMA structural features increase the audiences

Drug Use within Traveller Communities and the Negative Effects on Their Lives

754 words - 4 pages The main focus in this article is to explore the patterns and framework of drug use within the traveller communities and how the use of drugs negatively effects the lives, the heritage and futures of Travellers. They also wanted to achieve an inside view of the Traveller community and learn about their every day lifestyles. Over the years the use of drugs has incresed significantly in Travellers culture and is becoming more of a problem in the

Analysis of a News Article on Economics

1935 words - 8 pages economic ideas discussed in the article are production, cost, and efficiency. These three ideas are closely related. Production is defined as supplying a desired output (Mankiw, 2012). Cost is defined as the value that must be given up to acquire a good or service (Mankiw, 2012). Finally, efficiency is defined as the use of resources so as to maximize the production of goods and services (Mankiw, 2012). The article relates to all three of these

Analysis of a Food journal

879 words - 4 pages ANALYSING MY FOOD JOURNALOver 5 Consecutive days, I completed a journal of my diet and recorded the total amount of kilojoules I consumed each day. The results were as follows:Day 1 - 8457.5kjDay 2 - 6722.5kjDay 3 - 5330kjDay 4 - 6642.5kjDay 5 - 7407.5kjIn establishing my total energy needs I had to consider my involuntary energy demands such as age, body weight, gender, and my metabolic rate and I had to determine the amount of energy I

Welfare reform in the USA, a Matter of Justice

1677 words - 7 pages Medicaid. It is the United States Federal Government program to aid states in providing health care to the poor and impoverished who otherwise could not receive proper medical care. In 1995 the federal government spent a total of $77.4 Billion on Medicaid. This is up almost 300 percent from $20.1 Billion in 1984, only 10 years earlier. In the same 10 years state spending on Medicaid rose over 250 percent from $16.5 Billion to $58.2 Billion

(A Critical Analysis of Alice Walker’s short story Everyday Use)

963 words - 4 pages Antojos de Mis Ojos (A Critical Analysis of Alice Walker’s short story Everyday Use) Albert Camus once asserted: “Men are never convinced of your reasons, of your sincerity, of the seriousness of your sufferings, except by your death. So long as you are alive, your case is doubtful; you have a right only to their skepticism.” In Everyday Use a strong willed mother tries to protect her younger daughter, Maggie, from having a quilt passed down

Critical Evaluation of a Research Article

766 words - 3 pages are still left unanswered on this topic and further research into other areas of adoption will give social scientists a better understanding of life as an adoptee.ReferencesBaltimore, D., & Crase, S. (2009). A PHENOMENOLOGICAL EXPLORATION OFADOPTION. Journal of Ethnographic & Qualitative Research, 3(2), 69-78. Retrieved fromAcademic Search Complete database.

Similar Essays

Critical Appraisal Of Qualitative Journal Article

2078 words - 8 pages Introduction Everyone possess critical thinking skills but when it comes to criticize a journal article it can be difficult for the first time, one of the best ways to develop critical thinking and reading skills is to use some strategies when reading and evaluating a research study (Wood & Haber,1998). The following essay it is going to focus in a critique of a qualitative journal article by giving its strengths and weakness, critical

The Role Of Drug Testing Within Welfare Reform

2121 words - 9 pages least one of the articles. Most of the content of the articles is informational and the authors draw well founded logical conclusions from their findings. The essay written by Hope Corman et al., “Effects of Welfare Reform on Illicit Drug Use of Adult Women,” draws similar conclusions as the articles already mentioned, but Corman et al. expand upon the economic theory behind their research, “...we posit that the demand for drugs derives from the

Critical Analysis On Susan Rose Ackerman's Article "Bribes, Patronage And Gift Giving, As Well As Richard Friman And Peter Andreas' Article "International Relations And The Illicit Global Economy

1195 words - 5 pages the Illicit Global Economy" they provide two different types of corruption, and the negative effects it brings along with it. Although their approach to the topic is different their main emphases is the same, corruption is harmful.In Susan Rose-Ackerman's article she distinguishes between bribes, tips, gifts, and prices in a model that imposes the existence of a quid pro quo, and the presence or absence of an agent or a principal. According to

Effects On Drug Use For Teenagers

1124 words - 5 pages . Most teenagers tend to use marijuana a lot. The article states that someone who often smokes marijuana on a daily basis affects someone’s mental and physical actions. Marijuana tends to bring down the users intelligent levels, and that can lead to getting bad grades in school. (National institute on drug abuse, par.1) people who tend to get bad grades in school start to ditch, and maybe end up dropping out of school. Another reason why someone would