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A Critical Analysis Of "A Rose For Emily" William Faulkner

2322 words - 9 pages

“A Rose for Emily” by William Faulkner tells the story of an unconventional spinster ; Emily Grierson and her eccentric relationships with her father, lover, and the town of Jefferson.The story is told by an unknown Narrator who is clearly a town resident (“when Miss Emily died, our whole town went to her funeral..”), and the story unfurls in a non-chronological order. We are given the ending first, we know Miss Emily Grierson is already dead when the story begins, but we also know the story is about her. I believe this technique is used to create empathy for the character of Emily because you only see her through the eyes of the people of Jefferson, who would often talk about her behind her back; but she’s referred to as “poor Emily”.The order of the story is also used to build up tension and suspense; the story starts and Emily is already dead, she may have been murdered of committed suicide? We read on; and this is not the case. The story gives you small indications of what’s coming in the end, for example you know she’s possibly mad or mentally disturbed when you read; “she did that for three days, with the ministers calling on her, and the doctors, trying to persuade her to let them dispose of the body. just as they were about to resort to law and force, she broke down, and they buried her father.” Also the passage in the story where she buys Arsenic but will not tell the druggist what it’s for, but she states that she wants “the best” they have.I wondered why the William Faulkner chose the name Emily, I thought there had to be more to it, it couldn’t just be a random name he pulled out of the air. I looked up the name “Emily”, which derives from the Latin name “Aemulus” , meaning “rival”. I thought the name “Emily” was perfect for our main character; who I feel is having an internal struggle within herself.Emily is the main character in this story, you are given a brief background on her by the narrator , but you never find out how she feels or what she’s thinking. She’s come from a well respected family and so she is well respected by the town’s people and this is realised instantly as in the first line she is described as a “fallen monument”, meaning she was a woman of great importance. The town feels like they are obligated to care for her after her Father dies which shows that her family had been quite important people in the Town’s Society and she seems to have some sort of power over the town.Colonel Sartoris invented a tale that Emily’s father had loaned the town money so that she didn’t have to pay taxes, but when the board of Aldermen came to talk to Miss Emily she stood her ground insisting that she had “no taxes in Jefferson” , but then Faulkner gives you the first clue that she’s lost touch with reality when she insists the board of Aldermen go and see Colonel...

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