A Critical Review Of Qualitative Methodological Approaches

1546 words - 6 pages

According to Markham, “The world might be said to be made up of that which is relatively measurable and that which is relatively unmeasurable. Different schools of thinking place different levels of emphasis on the very measurable and the very unmeasurable”.
Qualitative research methodology unlike quantitative research is used to find out about people’s feelings, opinions, behaviours, reasons for behaviours, attitudes & beliefs.
This paper aims to review and compare three of the qualitative research methodologies: Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA), Discourse Analysis (DA) and Grounded Theory (GT), and identify how they can be applied in coaching research.
Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA)
Interpretative phenomenological analysis (IPA) is an experiential qualitative methodology developed by Jonathan Smith, for use in new psychology research areas such as health psychology.
Shaw (2010) states that, “The central objective of IPA is to understand what personal & social experiences mean to the people who experience them”. This is achieved through the exploration of the participants experiences from their own personal perspective, the process that they use to make sense of the experiences and the meaning that they attach to their experiences.
IPA acknowledges that this exploration cannot be achieved independent of the researchers own perceptions and view of the world. The result is that IPA presents the researcher’s interpretation of the participant’s experience.
IPA uses open and non-directive questions within semi-structured interviews, or diary work (written, audio or video) with the researchers using the actual transcript to perform the analysis.

Discourse Analysis (DA)
“. . . an analysis of discourse is a scholarly analysis only when it is based on more or less explicit concerns, methods or theories. Merely making “common sense” comments on a piece of text or talk will seldom suffice in such a case. Indeed, the whole point should be to provide insights into structure, strategies or other properties of discourse that could not readily be given by naïve recipients”.
Discourse Analysis is a research methodology used within health psychology to explore the use of language through the analysis of the written, spoken and signed language, whilst acknowledging that the researchers viewpoint or discourse is also in play.
Whilst Gee, theorises that DA involves the analysis of the seven building task of language construction; significance, activities, identities, relationships, politics, connections, and sign systems and knowledge.
Willig, proposes that DA aims to enable the researcher to understand how the participants construct their own personal reality of everyday situations and requires analysis of text, deconstructing the text into themes, or discourses, focusing on whether the themes are self-related or participant-subjective.

Grounded Theory (GT)
"Theory which is derived inductively...

Find Another Essay On A Critical Review of Qualitative Methodological Approaches

Behaviorism - A Methodological Proposal of Explaining the Behavior

3364 words - 13 pages Behaviorism must be seen as a methodological proposal of explaining the behavior of organisms from the lowest to the highest. Explaining human and nonhuman behavior by reference to scientific laws and the theories expressed of physical states, events, and entities. Because modern psychology emerged roughly in the mid-19th century, information of behaviorism was gathered in its early stages by introspection (looking at your own inner states of

A critical evaluation of one of the theoretical approaches used to describe pattern/object recognition.

1206 words - 5 pages Pattern/object recognition is concerned with the processes involved in the identification of images and objects. This essentially involves taking information that enters the visual system and comparing this with information stored in memory, and finding a match. There are three approaches within pattern recognition; template and prototype theories, feature comparison theories and structural theories. The focus of this essay is feature comparison

Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution

1810 words - 7 pages Throughout Sex Work and the Law: A Critical Analysis of Four Policy Approaches to Adult Prostitution Frances Shaver discusses the need for change for women working as prostitutes. Shaver explains the ongoing problem surrounding prostitution in Canada and provides four possible ways to resolve the issue in her work. Three well thought out points Shaver writes about are the health benefits as well as personal safety for the women in the sex

Critical Review of Carn

1350 words - 5 pages Critical Review of Carn The novel Carn, by Patrick McCabe, is a thought-provoking tale of people from a town in Ireland. The town, Carn, goes through economic failure, complete industrialization and commercial revival, back to total desolation. As the town changes, so do the main characters, Josie Keenan and Sadie Rooney. Although they do not know each other at the beginning of the novel, after the indulstrialization of the town, their

A Critical Review of "Leaves of Grass" By Walt Whitman

1728 words - 7 pages 1 A Critical Review of "Leaves of Grass" By Walt Whitman Masoud Shahnazari Azad University of Kerman Instructor: Dr. Khozaei Introduction Walter Whitman, the poet known as the American bard was born in West Hills, Long Island in New York on May 31, 1819. His mother, Louisa, immigrated from Holland and his father, Walter, from England. Whitman's father worked mostly with his hands as a carpenter and a house builder and Whitman himself would

Good Sex? A Critical Review of School Sex Education

5381 words - 22 pages Since the 1960s, sex education in North American schools has been surrounded by controversy. Sex education evolved from brief units about anatomy to a preoccupation with the prevention of unwanted pregnancy and sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). By the 1990s, sex education occurred within comprehensive interventions that presented it as but one means of promoting holistic health. A critical review searching for a sex-positive perspective

A Critical Review of Kelly’s Personality Theory in Personality Development

2648 words - 11 pages and Approaches in Personal Construct Theory. London: Academic Press. Pervin, L. A. & Cervone, D. (2013). Personality Theory and Research Twelveth Edition. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Rogers, C. R. (1956). Intellectualized Psychotherapy: Review of George Kelly’s "The Psychology of Personal Constructs". The Psychology of Personal Constructs, Contemporary Psychology, 1, 357-358. Skinner, B. F. (1953). Science and human behavior. New York

A Critical Review of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby

1615 words - 6 pages A Critical Review of F. Scott Fitzgerald's The Great Gatsby The Great Gatsby by F. Scott Fitzgerald is a universal and timeless literary masterpiece. Fitzgerald writes the novel during his time, about his time, and showing the bitter deterioration of his time. A combination of the 1920s high society lifestyle and the desperate attempts to reach its illusionary goals through wealth and power creates the essence behind The Great Gatsby


818 words - 3 pages A critical review of Hope & Fraser's 'Beyond Budgeting'Jeremy Hope & Robin Fraser are two of three founders of the Beyond Budgeting Round Table (BBRT), a UK based non-profit organisation. The pair have led research into Beyond Budgeting since BBRT's inception in 1997, and have since written a book called 'Beyond Budgeting: How managers can break free from the Annual Performance Trap' (Hope & Fraser, 2003) detailing the first five

A Critical Review of Sand County Almanac by Leopold

1643 words - 7 pages A Critical ReviewIt's humorous how new relations can swirl our memoirs. I am an enthusiastic booklover but habitually get involved in the routine reading comprehension I have to do for work and just to keep side by side of what's occurring in the earth. I too repeatedly fail to remember to seize moment in time to read a little of the stuff that in reality matter, the one, which enthuses the spirit and soul, and lifts the strength of mind. I fail

A Critical Review of Articles Containing School Related Issues

2720 words - 11 pages My main aim of this assignment is to provide a critical assessment of two articles with reference to wider reading. I will also be offering my own assessment and reflections on how my overall study has developed my understanding of aspects of teaching and learning in schools.The first article is edited by Phillip Jackson, and is titled 'life in classrooms' .The author of this article draws attention to the reality of classrooms by highlighting

Similar Essays

A Critical Review Of Recent Developments In Qualitative Human Geography Methods

1782 words - 7 pages (qualitative research) are being conceived and carried out, and related to this there are transformations in the way these methods are being used to make claims to understanding and intervening in the world (Davies and Dwyer 2007). Recently there have been a number of debates as to which qualitative methods are appropriate and credible to use within Human Geography. Smith argues that the choice of qualitative methods used is fundamentally a political

A Critical Appraisal Of Qualitative Research

1941 words - 8 pages Described below is a critical appraisal of a qualitative article by Lisa Booth using the frame-work suggested by Ryan, Coughlan and Cronin 2007 to establish its believability, robustness, credibility and integrity (Ryan, Coughlan & Cronin, 2007). Qualitative research is regarded as an inductive process, which within natural settings attempts to produce insights on the subjective experiences, meanings, practices and point of views of those

Review Of Qualitative Literature

1777 words - 7 pages , 49(4), 760-773. Topic The topic was: examining foundations of qualitative research: a review of social work dissertations, 2008-2010. Problem This study examined the treatment of epistemology and methodological rigor in qualitative social work dissertations. Purpose In this study, the authors explore the methods used by dissertation students to ensure the rigor of qualitative studies Design The authors conducted template-based reviews on a

Critical Appraisal Of Qualitative Journal Article

2078 words - 8 pages Introduction Everyone possess critical thinking skills but when it comes to criticize a journal article it can be difficult for the first time, one of the best ways to develop critical thinking and reading skills is to use some strategies when reading and evaluating a research study (Wood & Haber,1998). The following essay it is going to focus in a critique of a qualitative journal article by giving its strengths and weakness, critical