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A Discussion Of Milton’s Theodicy In Paradise Lost

1131 words - 5 pages

What is free will? Milton explains in Paradise Lost that free will is the answer to the justification of Gods ways to man. There are three parts, or triangle, of theodicy, they are that God is all powerful, all good, yet there are still bad things that happen. Milton wrote to explain and justify why there are still bad things even though God is all good, and all powerful. Milton’s answer to this is that there is all good and all power, but the bad is not God’s fault. Milton has three key ideas to support his reasoning that he talks about in Paradise Lost; what happens before man, what happens in the Garden of Eden, and what happens at the end.
The triangle of theodicy begins in Milton’s ...view middle of the document...

After Satan’s fall, he wanted revenge so he preyed on Adam and Eve to get that. Adam and Eve lived in the Garden of Eden and were unknowledgeable about everything. Eve was the only woman that Adam had ever seen, and he described her and said that she was unlike anything he had ever seen. (Book 8 lines 482-490) After they fell they could see more things, and were more knowledgeable about things. Satan enters the Garden of Eden and watches Adam and Eve for a while, and eventually decided to take the form of a serpent to corrupt Eve. “She has a dream which she can only share with Adam by telling him about it, and then, alone, she encounters Satan and tastes the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge.” (Sims) Eve was astounded by the fact that the serpent could talk, and asked how he could do that and the serpent who was actually Satan told her by eating the fruit from the Tree of Knowledge, he gained this ability. Satan persuaded Eve into eating the apple, but it was still by her free will. She takes it to Adam, and he too eats it because he realizes what she has done, and knows that he cant live without her. After they eat the fruit, they become aware of things that they didn’t know of before. “Adam and Eve feel shame, and they choose to hide themselves from God when He is in the garden.” (Semanik) Before Adam and Eve fell, there was no Death or Sin, however because of their choices Death and Sin came into the world.
The last few chapters of the book Paradise Lost are about what happens at the end that leads up to begin what we have today. During this part of the story, Adam and Eve get escorted out of the Garden of Eden. (Book 12 lines 624-649) They have to learn how to start a new life outside of the garden, and they have to learn to provide for themselves. When Milton wrote this poem, he felt very confident in his answer to theodicy and felt like his answer was the best. “Milton sold Paradise Lost to the printer Samuel Simmons for £5. The contract is dated 27...

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